Degeneration

Does Imaging Mean Better Outcomes & Melatonin Slowing Down Disc Degeneration

CF 207: Does Imaging Mean Better Outcomes & Melatonin Slowing Down Disc Degeneration

Today we’re going to talk about….Does Imaging Mean Better Outcomes & Melatonin Slowing Down Disc Degeneration But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

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  OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s a great resource for patient education and for YOU. It saves you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections and written in a way that is easy to understand for you and patients. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #207 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about how Vertebral Dysfunction Alters Neuro Function & The Gender Of Your Provider May Matter. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

It’s a bit hectic around here this week being the week after Thanksgiving as of this recording. Being off for 4 days straight was a very welcome respite from the normal day-to-day.  Nothing too crazy around here this week. We are missing our intern who left last week. We’re just re-acclimating to life as it was before we had an extra hand here in the office. But we’re getting there. We’re stretched a little thin because we added the nurse practitioner.

Well, when he has a procedure, he needs an extra set of hands so that takes up one of our CAs. That leaves us short on this end of the business.  But, the NP is not busy enough consistently enough for us to need to hire another set of hands full time. So, we’re in a growth period and growth can stretch you. And it’s stretching us.

But that’s OK. I know it’ll all be worth it eventually.  We started our integrated journey back on August 1st and here we are at almost December 1st. So that’s about 4 months in. We are averaging around 18-20 visits per week for the medical services and just trying to build build build.  Our most common services would probably be trigger point injections, primary visits, and maybe the hormone pellets or IV therapy. It’s a slow grow thing as with any new venture. It takes time to get your message out. And we’re working on it. We start radio ads next week.  Other than that, outside of chiropractic, we are setting up a short term rental/Airbnb, VRBO type of house.

It is a brand new flip so we’re stepping into a basically new place and it’s ready to go. We’ve been buying all of the stuff to outfit it, getting all wireless stuff so we can manage it ourselves remotely, hiring a contractor to build a deck on the back, and are getting our AirBNB and VRBO listings in order and all that good stuff.  It’s a mess for about a month but once you get it set up, it should only take us about 15-30 minutes per week to manage it from an hour and a half away. And, according to AirDNA which is an analysis software for short term rentals, we stand to profit around $30,000+ per year on the thing. That’s pretty exciting. 

I always talk about the exit strategy. This is part of it. Getting more stuff in line outside of your day to day. 30 minutes a week is not completely passive work but it’s damn near passive and gives us a good raise through the year. And $30k is a nice down payment on another house. Especially when you combine it with what I’m doing in voice over industry currently.  Now, if I can just get a rock star associate to come in and take some of the heat off of me on the day to day hands-on chiropractic treatment. THEN….then we might be on our way.  Enough of that, let’s get to it. 

Item #1

The first one this week is called “What are the effects of diagnostic imaging on clinical outcomes in patients with low back pain presenting for chiropractic care: a matched observational study” by Jenkins et. al.  (Jenkins 2021)and published in Chiropractic and Manual Therapies on November 23rd of 2021, aye chi Wawa….it’s so hot. 

Why They Did It

Evidence suggests that diagnostic imaging for low back pain does not improve care in the absence of suspicion of serious pathology. However, the effect of imaging use on clinical outcomes has not been investigated in patients presenting to chiropractors. The aim of this study was to determine if diagnostic imaging affects clinical outcomes in patients with low back pain presenting for chiropractic care.

How They Did It

  • A matched observational study using prospective longitudinal observational data with one year follow up was performed in primary care chiropractic clinics in Denmark. 
  • Data were collected from November 2016 to December 2019. 
  • Participants included low back pain patients presenting for chiropractic care, who were either referred or not referred for diagnostic imaging during their initial visit. 
  • Patients were excluded if they were less than 18 years old, had a diagnosis of underlying pathology, or had previous imaging relevant to their current clinical presentation. 
  • Mixed linear and logistic regression models were used to assess the effect of imaging on back pain intensity and disability at two-weeks, three-months, and one-year, and on global perceived effect and satisfaction with care at two-weeks.
  • 2162 patients were included, with 24.1% referred for imaging. 

What They Found

Participants referred for imaging had slightly higher back pain intensity at two-weeks and one-year, and disability at two-weeks, but the changes are unlikely to be clinically meaningful.  No difference between groups was found for the other outcome measures. Similar results were found when sensitivity analysis, adjusted for age and leg pain intensity, was performed.

Wrap It Up

Diagnostic imaging did not result in better clinical outcomes in patients with low back pain presenting for chiropractic care. These results support that current guideline recommendations against routine imaging apply equally to chiropractic practice. I know some of you will say “I found so and so on a person that would have never been found, etc.” I get it. And some of you just feel better if you’ve seen what’s going on underneath. I get it and I don’t fault that. I really don’t BUT….you MUST acknowledge that the vast majority of your x-rays that you insist on taking on every patient that walks through your doors, ultimately, weren’t absolutely necessary and didn’t change a thing about how you would be treating them.  That is of course unless you’re a technique philosophy wonk and you think you find listings on x-rays. A strategy that I’ve seen little research that can support.  If you follow Choosing Wisely, you are typically in safe and calm waters. 

Item #2

The second one is called “The potential role of melatonin in retarding intervertebral disc ageing and degeneration: A systematic review” by Cheng et. al. (Zhangrong Cheng 2021) and published in Ageing Research Reviews in September of 2021

Why They Did It

They start by setting the stage here.  Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of years lived with disability in the world population, which has increased by over 50 % in the past 20 years, mainly due to population ageing Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is a common degenerative disease of the musculoskeletal system that develops with age. It is regarded as the main cause of chronic low back pain in the elderly. IDD has various causes, including ageing, mechanical overloading, and nutritional deficiency.

Melatonin is a pleiotropic indole hormone secreted by the pineal gland and plays an important role in resisting various degenerative diseases.  The serum levels of melatonin decline with age and are reported to be negatively correlated with the symptomatic and histopathological scores of IDD. In vivo studies have shown that exogenous administration of melatonin could maintain the structural integrity of the intervertebral disc and inhibit the development of IDD. Mechanistically, by interacting with its membrane or intracellular receptors, melatonin can promote autophagic flux, scavenge free radicals, inhibit the release of pro-inflammatory factors, and block apoptotic pathways, thereby enhancing anti-stress abilities and matrix anabolism in different types of disc cells.  Several studies have explored the effects of melatonin on IDD.

This was first discovered when surgical removal of the pineal gland in chickens depleted their serum melatonin levels and accelerated IDD onset Therefore, melatonin supplementation may be a promising therapeutic strategy for IDD. This review aimed to summarize the latest findings regarding the therapeutic potential of melatonin in IDD.

Wrap It Up

From the perspective of therapeutic strategies for IDD, the benefits of melatonin are comprehensive. The existing evidence supports melatonin as a potential therapy for the prevention and treatment of IDD Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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  The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  Bibliography Jenkins, H. J., Kongsted, A., French, S.D (2021). “What are the effects of diagnostic imaging on clinical outcomes in patients with low back pain presenting for chiropractic care: a matched observational study.” Chiropr Man Therap 29(46).   Zhangrong Cheng, Q. X., Juntan Wang, Yukun Zhang, (2021). “The potential role of melatonin in retarding intervertebral disc ageing and degeneration: A systematic review.” Ageing Research Reviews 70.    

Predicting Frailty & A 30-Year Study On Disc Degeneration

CF 184: Predicting Frailty & A 30-Year Study On Disc Degeneration Today we’re going to talk about using bone or musculoskeletal parameters to predict frailty and then we’ll cover a 30-year study on disc degeneration. Sit tight and chew on the morsels of knowledge we’re about to dish up for you.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around. 

We’re the fun kind of research. We’re the Metallica of chiropractic research……if there is such a thing. 

Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.

I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #1844

Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about the factors leading to surgery for some discs and then we talked about recent information concerning disc innervation and what happens when a disc is injured. 

Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

So for personal happening this week, we are getting the training set up for a nurse practitioner down in Dallas. Our medical Director is good enough that he would like to be trained on what the nurse practitioner is doing as well. That means good things for us. 

When the medical Director is on board with the nurse practitioner, nothing but good happens. 

I’m still promoting and pushing my book. The one I’d love for you to purchase called “‘The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research’. It’s on Amazon and you can find the link on my homepage at chiropractscforward.com so go give it a look-see and a purchase. You can get it in paperback and as an ebook. 

This is an amazing resource for you practitioners in the field. Definitely for you content creators. Whether you’re looking for info to post on your social media, whether you’re teaching your patients and need material, or it you’re putting together a speech you need to give to a group……THIS is your resource to make your life easier and to save time. Seriously. Just flip to the topic and pick out the papers you like. BOOM….done. 

I noticed that the forward thinking chiropractic alliance had their fire event this past weekend. With all of the things I’m involved in, I was unable to attend either live or online. 

But, I purchased the online package so will be reviewing it when it is available online. It was all about implementing rehab into your practice and making money doing it. I love rehab and exercise being a part of my every day practice so I’m looking forward to waiting through all of the information. I am still trudging through the forensics fellowship and I have to say, it is not material that I enjoy. In fact, it’s pretty awful. 

But, with the forensics fellowship being a subsidiary of the orthopedics fellowship that I already went through, I only have to do 100 hours rather than 300 so there’s no reason to not do it. So, I am begrudgingly going through it. It feels like I would assume running through quicksand feels. I hate the material but I plan on enjoying The final results. 

Also, as part of the Parker CBI program, I have an intern coming on board. He’s going to move out to Amarillo for a semester and follow us around and work in the office starting in September. 

Throw that in on top of a nurse practitioner starting full-time with us on August 2, and I should have my hands full. This podcast is getting more and more challenging to write produce and record every week. Depending on how all of this goes in the fall, I may be forced to begin releasing an episode every two weeks rather than every week. Stay tuned. That decision is on the horizon. 

Other than all of that, I am involved in all of my extracurricular activities as well.

I am still going to the track and throw in the shot put and discus on the weekends and planning on competing in some masters events next spring and summer. Still trying to lose weight and stay involved in working out and being in the healthy lifestyle. And I’m still busy doing all of my artwork that I’ve been doing all along. 

If you’re interested in any of that you can find it on Facebook at Jeff Williams art. If I was that weren’t enough, I’m busy putting together a new band and music projectWell my voiceover career is also expanding and growing and growing a little bit crazy at the moment. You could say my cup runneth over exponentially. 

For that reason, let’s get on with the research.

Item #1

The first one is called “Disc Degeneration of Young Low Back Pain Patients: A Prospective 30-year Follow-up MRI Study” by Saaksjarvi et al. (Sääksjärvi S 2020) and published in Spine Journal in October of 2020 which is cooling off but still pretty damn steamy. Hot enough to eat. 

Why They Did It

The aim of this study was to investigate whether early lumbar disc degeneration (DD) in young low back pain (LBP) patients predicts progression of degenerative changes, pain, or disability in a 30-year follow-up

How They Did It

  • A prospective follow-up study.
  • In an earlier study, 75 conscripts aged 20 years with LBP had their lumbar spine examined by MRI. 
  • At a follow-up of 30 years, the subjects were contacted; 
  • 35 of 69 filled a pain and disability questionnaire, 
  • and 26 of 35 were also reexamined clinically and by MRI. 
  • The images were evaluated for decreased signal intensity and other degenerative changes. 
  • Association between decreased signal intensity of a disc at baseline and the presence of more severe degenerative changes in the same disc space at follow-up was analyzed using Fisher exact test. 
  • Association between decreased baseline signal intensity and pain/disability scores from the questionnaire was analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis H test.

What They Found

  • The total number of lumbar discs with decreased signal intensity increased from 23 of 130 to 92 of 130 
  • Distribution of DD changed from being mostly in L4-L5 and L5-S1 discs to being almost even between the four lowermost discs. Discs that had even slightly decreased signal intensity at baseline were more likely to have severely decreased signal intensity at follow-up, compared to healthy discs. 
  • Other degenerative changes were also more common in these discs. 
  • Severity of DD at baseline did not have a significant association with current pain or disability.

Wrap It Up

In young LBP patients, early degeneration in lumbar discs predicts progressive degenerative changes in the respective discs, but not pain, disability, or clinical symptoms.

CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT

Item #2

Our last one today is called “The Predictability of Frailty Associated with Musculoskeletal Deficits: A Longitudinal Study” by Tembo et. al. (Tembo 2021)       and published in Calcified Tissue International in 2021….ouch….don’t touch it…..it sizzles. 

And honestly….who the hell knew there was an entire damn journal called calcified tissue international?? How damn niche can you get?? For reals. And don’t tell me it’s pronounced nish because I’m just going to kick you in the shin if we meet in person. I’m going with niche because there are riches in niches. Not in nishes so don’t do it. 

Why They Did It

How They Did It

  • This longitudinal study included 287 men aged ≥ 50 yr at baseline (2001–2006) from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study
  • Baseline musculoskeletal measures included femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m2) and whole-body fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2) and lower-limb strength
  • Frailty at the 15 yr-follow-up (2016–2019) was defined as ≥ 3 and non-frail as < 3, of the following: unintentional weight loss, weakness, low physical activity, exhaustion, and slowness
  • Potential confounders included anthropometry, smoking, alcohol, FMI, socioeconomic status and comorbidities

What They Found

  • Forty-eight (16.7%) men were frail at 15 yr-follow-up.
  • Musculoskeletal models were better predictors of frailty
  • Musculoskeletal parameters improved the predictability model for frailty after 15 years

Wrap It Up

In general, muscle models performed better compared to bone models. Musculoskeletal parameters improved the predictability of frailty of the referent model that included lifestyle factors. Muscle deficits accounted for a greater proportion of the risk for frailty than did bone deficits. Targeting musculoskeletal health could be a possible avenue of intervention in regards to frailty.

And now you know…..the rest of the story….

Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it.

Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

 

Purchase Dr. Williams book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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  The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

Sääksjärvi S, K. L., Luoma K, Paajanen H, Waris E, (2020). “Disc Degeneration of Young Low Back Pain Patients: A Prospective 30-year Follow-up MRI Study.” Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 45(19): 1341-1347.  

Tembo, M. C., Mohebbi, M., Holloway-Kew, K.L, (2021). “The Predictability of Frailty Associated with Musculoskeletal Deficits: A Longitudinal Study.” Calcified Tissue Int.    

Spinal Instability Clinical Pearls & Degeneration and Facets

CF 152: Spinal Instability Clinical Pearls & Degeneration and Facets

Today we’re going to talk about Spinal Instability Clinical Pearls & Degeneration and Facets 

But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. No spam, just a reminder when the newest episodes go live. Nothing special so don’t worry about signing up. Just one a week friends. Check your JUNK folder!!

Do it do it do it. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #152

Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about chiropractors integrating into a medical setting. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

While we’re on the topic of being smart, did you know that you can use our website as a resource? Quick and easy, you can go to chiropracticforward.com, click on Episodes, and use the search function

On the personal end of things….. We shall see if we are climbing back after the three day ice storm and the resurgence of COVID has hit us in the last two weeks. We are starting the week, I’m writing this on a Monday….with 120 on the schedule. Of course, we haven’t filled in all of Wednesday or Friday appointments….we have fresh injuries that will see us all three days so those will fill in quite a bit more and I’m hoping to at minimum get back up to the 145 mark that has been our average since Rona began. 

Which is way down from my weekly appointment average of 182 from last year. But 145 is decent and I can roll with that until people are more comfortable in getting out and going into public spaces and businesses. Right now, they just aren’t. And that’s understandable. 

Many of you live in places where there is widespread mask use and they take social distancing seriously. Well, Amarillo, TX would not be one of those places. We have some of the kindest and most giving folks on the planet here in Amarillo but there is a reason we’re number 2 on the New York Times list of places that are about to go through a bad time with the Rona. 

People here just don’t want to wear masks and by golly aren’t going to be told to wear them either. It’s disappointing. For example, just today, my wife and I went to a restaurant we know is not typically busy and we have a little table we can usually sit in where nobody else is around us. That table for the first time was not open today. But there was a table I could see that had nobody near it. 

We go to this restaurant often enough that the servers know us and they know we are taking the Rona very seriously. So they sit us away from everyone. We are sitting there eating and when we’re about to finish up, they sit a group of about 7 dudes one table away from us. Not a damn one of them come in wearing a mask. I couldn’t get out of there fast enough. I was disappointed that they didn’t make a choice to wear the masks and I was disappointed that the restaurant didn’t enforce the state mandate to wear them. I was also very disappointed that they chose to sit them next to us. But….while I love my town and I love my people, that’s this area of the country for you. 

It’s frustrating as hell. Our hospitals are full. FEMA is here helping us. They’ve brought in over 750 helpers from outside of our area. Our hospitalization rate is almost 40% right now. Yeah….that bad. And we still have people walking around like it’s a hoax and not wearing masks. It’s insane to me. 

It’s spiking out there everywhere though. Not just here in Amarillo. Stay safe people. Stay vigilant. It’s our responsibility not only to ourselves and our families but to our elderly and immunocompromised patients and our staff. You may be young and athletic yourself but if you get it, even if all you have is a low grade temp or a minor headache and that’s it…..you still have to stay home and lose income for two weeks minimum. 

Be smart. Don’t be one of these vitalists out there thinking they’re freaking superman because they got their adjustment this week. That’s the most insane of all. Sorry vitalists. It’s true. 

Yes….dammit….I’m a bit gripey today!! Why do you ask? 

I’m just done with it honestly. I’m over it. I’m over the election. I’m over everyone being offended about everything. I’m over riots and violent protests. I’m over so much these days and I can’t imagine that you’re any different. 

We’ll get through it. Just hold on. Be kind and be brave. Be kind and be brave. We don’t need much more than that do we?

Item #1

This one is called “Relationship Between Endplate Defects, Modic Change, Facet Joint Degeneration, and Disc Degeneration of Cervical Spine” by Lee et. al(Lee S 2020). and published in Neurospine on June 30, 2020, and it sizzles as it sits!!

Why They Did It

The “disc degeneration precedes facet joint osteoarthritis” hypothesis. in cervical spine degeneration, the multifactorial analyzes of disc degeneration (DD), Modic changes (Mcs), facet degeneration, and endplate degeneration (ED) is still limited. 

How They Did It

Retrospectively recruited 62 patients from 60-70 years old

They evaluated the following: 

  • disc height, 
  • segmental angle, 
  • ossified posterior longitudinal ligament, 
  • endplate degeneration, 
  • facet joint degeneration, 
  • uncovertebral joint degeneration, 
  • disc degeneration, 
  • spinal stenosis, 
  • Modic changes, and 
  • cord signal change 

What They Found

  • The interrelationship of degenerative parameters showed close relation between uncovertebral joint degeneration, spinal stenosis, disc degeneration, ossified posterior longitudinal ligament, Modic change. endplate degeneration, and cord signal change has partial relation with degenerative finding. 
  • Facet joint degeneration only has relation with uncovertebral joint degeneration and Modic changes.

Wrap It Up

They conclude, “Our results may indicate that facet joint degeneration that occurs independently, rather than as a result of other degenerative factors. 

CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT

Item #2

This one is called “A Screening Tool for Patients With Lumbar Instability: A Criteria-related Validity of Thai Version” by Chatprem et. al.(Chatprem 2020) and published in Spine Journal on November 1, 2020, the roof, the roof, the roof is on fire. 

Why They Did It

The aim of this study was to examine the performance characteristics and validity of an existing lumbar instability questionnaire as a screening tool for lumbar instability among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients.

How They Did It

Lumbar instability screening tool responses and x-ray assessments were reviewed from a sample of 110 patients with CLBP (aged 20-59 years).

What They Found

  • Fourteen (12.73%) patients had radiological lumbar instability. These patients reported a higher mean lumbar instability questionnaire score than those without radiological lumbar instability.
  • A questionnaire score of at least 7 had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 26.04% for detecting lumbar instability when compared with x-ray examination.
  • A lumbar instability screening tool total score of at least 7 was ruled out lumbar instability in CLBP patients. This cutoff score may be used as a marker of conservative treatment response.

Now just to expand on that idea a bit here; many chiropractors have a mental block when it comes to spinal instability.. What I mean is that many are so subluxation-minded that they do not understand that spinal instability is not good and that adjusting too much too often can actually be the cause of spinal instability. 

If I’m speaking to a vitalistic, philosophy-minded chiropractor, I’m going to say, “You’re not always slaying subluxations, Mr. Vitalist. Many times, you’re so eager for the almighty dollar and the awesome sound of pops over and over again that you create the very problem that you hoped to fix in the first place. 

That is the reason our profession has developed scaled back guidelines for treatment. Have you ever encountered a neck self-adjuster? I used to be one when I was kid. It starts off pretty darn difficult to adjust your neck. Then, with repetition, it gets more and more loose to the point that all you have to do is turn your head and it starts popping. 

That is essentially what many vitalists are doing with patients when they see them repeatedly time and time again month after month, year after year. What the hell else would you expect. 

Then the instability causes chronic pain that they think just needs more adjustments which actually cause more instability and more chronic pain. The cycle is perpetual and the vitalist chiropractor isn’t smart enough to figure out why they can’t get this patient feeling better. After all….isn’t it all about the mighty subluxation?

Why do they fuse spinal segments? To reduce the movement in order to reduce the pain. Doesn’t it seem there are patients that benefit more from exercise and support than from adjustments?

It turns out there are. Those that are hypermobile on the Beighton Scale and those that have instability. Just to update your knowledge on spinal segmental instability, the smoking gun of spinal instability would be

  • Vertebral body anterolisthesis
  • Broad-based disc bulging – flat tire vs. aired up
  • Facet joint enlargement
  • Ligamentum flavum hypertrophy
  • Possible Modic changes. 

Facet pain can often get confused with instability as well. A good example is when a patient has pain just to the left of the lumbar spine, over the facet. You push on it and it hurts. You can provoke facet pain by poking on it. But, you can provoke instability by poking on it as well. 

There are a couple of general ways to focus in on what’s going on there and differentiate the two. You can have the patient stand and extend at the waste, the perform extension rotation both ways. If this doesn’t bother the patient, it’s almost certain it’s not a facet issue. Extension rotation is that accurate. 

If when prone, poking on the facet hurts, you can stabilize the low back region temporarily by have the patient perform a super man / reverse plank type of a position and then, while they’re in the position and those low back muscles are good and tight and supportive, poke on the sore spots again. If the reverse plank position helps that pain, there’s a good chance it’s instability. 

Also, if the low back commonly hurts when they roll over in bed, that’s could be a sign of instability as well. You don’t want to adjust instability folks. You want to strengthen it. Make it solid. In my office, we start that by doing McGill’s Big 3, the side plank, modified curl up, and the bird dog exercises. 

Did you learn something? I hope, if you were lacking in this, I was able to shed some light on it for you. If you have any questions on this feel free to email me at [email protected] so we can discuss. 

Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

  • Chatprem, T., Puntumentakul R, Boucaut R, Wanpen S, Chatchawan U, (2020). “A Screening Tool for Patients With Lumbar Instability: A Criteria-related Validity of Thai Version.” Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 45(21): E1431-E1438.
  • Lee S, S. D., Lee JS, Sung SK (2020). “Relationship Between Endplate Defects, Modic Change, Facet Joint Degeneration, and Disc Degeneration of Cervical Spine.” Neurospine 17(2): 443-452.