Mirror Therapy

Benzodiazepines and Mirror Therapy

CF 238: Benzodiazepines and Mirror Therapy  In today’s episode, we cover Benzopdiazapines and Mirror Therapy  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

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Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s a great resource for patient education and for YOU. It saves you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections and written in a way that is easy to understand for you and patients. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #238 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about Chronic Pain and current thinking. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

I usually type up the podcast ideas and outline on a Monday. Well, we were off this Monday for July 4th so I’m short a day this week which means that this personal happenings part of the podcast has to be short so I can make everything happen in this short week.  So here we go. I’m still on the hunt for an associate chiropractor. One who is a go-getter determined to be successful.

One that understands they can go to work for the Joint and get paid more currently. In the now and here. But there will be a cap and they will not be able to exceed that cap. One that understands that there is no cap with me. The more they bring in and grow the clinic and themselves, the more I want to take good care of them. Plain and simple. If that’s you, email me at creekstonecare@gmail.com.

I want to get to know you. 

I am getting ready and looking forward to being in Sarasota with the Florida MCM Mastermind for the weekend of July 22nd. It’s a good time of networking with my fellow mastermind people and helping each other build our businesses. Hell yeah. I thrive in masterminds. Even if I don’t necessarily have the time to implement everything I want to implement. I get inspiration, ideas, and actionable steps I can take almost immediately most of the time.  Lots of little tips and tricks and I learn as much or more from the Mastermind members outside of the classroom at the hotel bar as I learn in the classroom. If you’re interested in joining, send me a message, and let’s get you connected with Dr. Kevin Christie and hopefully get you plugged into the group ASAP. I mean really, we’re meeting in Sarasota on July 22nd and there’s still room for you but in November, we’re meeting a Playa Largo in Key Largo, FL. Everyone’s bringing their family too so you know you don’t want to miss that one. Reach out and let me help you get plugged in.  You have to be grossing $350,000 per year and growth-minded to play so holla.  Let’s get started today. 

Item #1

Our first one today is called “Association between chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy and benzodiazepine prescription in patients with radicular low back pain: a retrospective cohort study using real-world data from the USA” by Trager et. al. (Trager RJ 2022) and was published in BMJ Open on June 13, 2022. The sizzle…..it’s hot

Why They Did It

Although chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) and prescription benzodiazepines are common treatments for radicular low back pain (rLBP), no research has examined the relationship between these interventions.  We hypothesize that utilization of CSMT for newly diagnosed radicular LBP is associated with reduced odds of benzodiazepine prescription through 12 months’ follow-up.

How They Did It Retrospective cohort study. National, multicentre 73-million-patient electronic health records-based network (TriNetX) in the USA 2003 – 2021

What They Found

  • Odds of receiving a benzodiazepine prescription were significantly lower in the CSMT cohort over all follow-up windows prematching and postmatching (p<0.0001). 
  • Sensitivity analysis suggested a patient preference to avoid prescription medications did not explain the study findings.

Wrap It Up

  • These findings suggest that receiving CSMT for newly diagnosed rLBP is associated with reduced odds of receiving a benzodiazepine prescription during follow-up. 
  • These results provide real-world evidence of practice guideline-concordance among patients entering this care pathway. 
  • Benzodiazepine prescription for rLBP should be further examined in a randomized trial including patients receiving chiropractic or usual medical care, to reduce residual confounding.

Before getting to the next one, I have to tell you, that Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! It’s life again. Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com to get $50 off your purchase. Y’all, it makes a world of difference. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. My patients love it and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it. Hear me now and believe me later.

Item #2

The last one today is called “3D augmented reality mirror visual feedback therapy applied to the treatment of persistent, unilateral upper extremity neuropathic pain: a preliminary study” by Mouraux et. Al. (Dominique Mouraux) and published in the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy in 2017.

Why They Did It

The authors assessed whether or not pain relief could be achieved with a new system that combines 3D augmented reality system (3DARS) and the principles of mirror visual feedback.

How They Did It

Twenty-two patients between 18 and 75 years of age  All of whom suffered of chronic neuropathic pain.  Each patient performed five 3DARS sessions treatment of 20 mins spread over a period of one week.  The following pain parameters were assessed: 

  1. visual analogic scale after each treatment session 
  2. McGill pain scale and DN4 questionnaire were completed before the first session and 24 h after the last session.

What They Found

  • The mean improvement of VAS per session was 29%. 
  • There was an immediate session effect demonstrating a systematic improvement in pain between the beginning and the end of each session. 
  • They noted that this pain reduction was partially preserved until the next session. 
  • If we compare the pain level at baseline and 24 h after the last session, there was a significant decrease of pain of 37%. 
  • There was a significant decrease on the McGill Pain Questionnaire and DN4 questionnaire.

Wrap It Up

Our results indicate that 3DARS induced a significant pain decrease for patients who presented chronic neuropathic pain in a unilateral upper extremity.  While further research is necessary before definitive conclusions can be drawn, clinicians could implement the approach as a preparatory adjunct for providing temporary pain relief aimed at enhancing chronic pain patients’ tolerance of manual therapy and exercise intervention.

You can decide how well-related this is BUT, with phantom limb pain, in addition to cognitive behavioral therapy, they have treated using mirror therapy. 

Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!


Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 


We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.



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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger