Spinal Manipulative Therapy

The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 5)

CF 313: The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 5)

Today we’re going to talk about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 5)

But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Chiropractic evidence-based products

 

Integrating Chiropractors

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

 

OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable.

We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel. 

I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together. 

Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on wherever you listen to it 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #313

Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about Pet Ownership And Cognitive Decline & PT Effectiveness. 

Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

Well, we got a mix of stuff this week in the clinic. Our new intern is getting comfortable and settled in and getting up to speed with the way the office works and flows. We are picking back up a little just in time for me to be gone for two work days to attend my quarterly Mastermind meeting. Yes, it gives me anxiety but I’m going. The Mastermind is important. 

For this Mastermind, we’ll be joined by Brett Winchester who, in case you are unaware, is probably a genius in the healthcare space but also is borderline crazy personally. He’s hilarious and a lot of fun to be around so I’m definitely looking forward to Brett being int he mix with the rest of our regular crew. 

Plus, the January meeting is when new members join the group so that should be fun. It’s always good to meet the newbies and get to know more about them and learn from them. Last year’s newbies said they were intimidated to come into the group. Pffft. They fully integrated quickly and are part of the family now. We have some super smart docs but the ones joining are super smart too and we are just as eager to learn from them as they are to learn from us. 

So it works well and we’re looking forward to getting to know them. 

So this Monday has gone much better so far than last Monday. If you listened to the podcast last week, we had land mines to avoid last Monday for some reason. Smoother today for sure. We thought it may have been Dontae’s first day jinx so we made him take a shower and wash it off and he’s not allowed to wear those same clothes anymore. I think we have it handled. 

We are really buckling down this week to try to determine the best way to get our medical services up to speed and working with 100% efficiency. I think I have an approach of, let’s implement and let’s see what happens. I think that makes sense in the beginning with any service but once you’re up and running, it is time to fine tune. 

How are your prices in 2024 vs 2017? The same? You know everything in the world has gone up in price so if your prices are the same, you are making less money overall. Less profit I should say. 

Are our medical service and chiropractic services in line with the market and other clinics in our area?? We don’t want to be the cheapest. We don’t want to be the most expensive either. We don’t want to offer an exam, a consultation, a treatment plan, an adjustment, x-rays, and therapy on the first visit for the low low price of $39. 

Racing to the bottom hurts you and everyone else. If you want to look like a street corner huckster, that’s how you make it happen. If you want to take x-rays on every single person, which isn’t in line with ACA’s Choosing Wisely guides by the way, that’s fine. I don’t fault people wanting to know exactly what they’re dealing with. However, why the hell would you give them away? 

If you say that it’s because you want to show them their degeneration and their listings……we aren’t friends. We are different people. If you do it to show them these things and then spook them into 70 visits over the course of the year, you gotta check that stuff. Look in the mirror. 

If you wouldn’t do it to your mom, don’t do it to your patients. 

Anyway, you don’t want to give your services away. Please don’t do that. But I don’t really want to be the most expensive either. If I’m toward the more expensive but still responsible and appropriately priced, then I feel that’s the sweet spot. But you have to be financially healthy if you’re going to do a good job taking care of your patients. 

When you’re all running through your day wondering focused on the number of visits because you can’t pay payroll that week, well, that’s a problem we gotta get fixed. 

So, this month is a good month to look through our services and see if we’re doing what we can price wise to stay competitive and but maximize our ROI. 

On a final note before we hop into our research this week, I love hate the Cowboys. They broke my heart yet again this year but it’s OK because I fully expected and anticipated it. I knew it was going to happen so it didn’t upset me. And honestly, why get upset over a bunch of spoiled brat millionaires playing a game anyway? I refuse to allow the pinche Cowboys do that to me so……I’m moving on. 

Go Houston Texans. Go Texas Rangers. Go Houston Astros!

Cowboys….maybe next year. 

Now this week we’re continuing our series. If you don’t know or are unaware, the WHO recently recommended spinal manipulative therapy for back pain but at very low confidence. Which is equal to ultrasound. I dove in and found their citations with regard to SMT specifically and we’re going through them one by one to find out, with all of the research we’ve seen and covered combined with American College of Physicians recommendations, Parker Gallup polls, and on and on and on…..how can SMT be at very low confidence. 

So here we go. 

Item #1

Our first one is called, “Controlled comparison of short-wave diathermy treatment with osteopathic treatment in non-specific low back pain” by Gibson, et al and published in The Lancet in June of 1985. Not sure why they’re pulling papers from that far back but whatever. 

And I’m going to say that this paper is so old that even the abstract didn’t make a ton of sense. 

Gibson T, Grahame R, Harkness J, Woo P, Blagrave P, Hills R. Controlled comparison of short-wave diathermy treatment with osteopathic treatment in non-specific low back pain. Lancet. 1985 Jun 1;1(8440):1258-61. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(85)92323-2. PMID: 2860453.

Why They Did It

The effectiveness of spinal manipulation carried out by a non-medical qualified osteopath was compared with that of short-wave diathermy (SWD) and a placebo

How They Did It

109 patients with low back pain. 

That’s it. That’s all of the info on it. No idea if it was a randomized controlled trial or what. 

What They Found

More than half the subjects in each of the 3 treatment groups benefited immediately from therapy. 

Significant improvements were observed in the 3 groups at the end of 2 weeks’ treatment, and these were still apparent at 12 weeks. 

The outcome of treatment was unrelated to the initial severity or duration of pain or to the trend of pain towards deterioration or improvement. 

It is, therefore, unlikely that the results simply reflect the natural history of low back pain. 

Wrap It Up

Benefits obtained with osteopathy and short-wave diathermy in this study may have been achieved through a placebo effect.

So…..that’s a crap paper and why the WHO would have that paper as having any influence on our profession in 2024 is beyond me. 

Item #2

Our last one today is called, “Physiotherapy Based on a Biobehavioral Approach with or Without Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy in the Treatment of Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial” by Grande-Alonso et. Al and published in Pain Medicine in December of 2019

Remember paper citations will be found in the show notes at chiropracticforward.com episode 313.

Grande-Alonso M, Suso-Martí L, Cuenca-Martínez F, Pardo-Montero J, Gil-Martínez A, La Touche R. Physiotherapy Based on a Biobehavioral Approach with or Without Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy in the Treatment of Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pain Med. 2019 Dec 1;20(12):2571-2587. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnz093. PMID: 31074484.

Why They Did It

To compare the effectiveness of a biobehavioral approach with and without orthopedic manual physical therapy on the intensity and frequency of pain in patients diagnosed with nonspecific chronic low back pain.

How They Did It

  • A single-blind randomized controlled trial. 
  • Fifty patients were randomly allocated into two groups: one group received biobehavioral therapy with orthopedic manual physical therapy, and the other group received only biobehavioral therapy. 
  • Both groups completed a total of eight sessions, with a frequency of two sessions per week. 
  • The somatosensory, physical, and psychological variables were recorded at baseline and during the first and third month after initiation of treatment.

What They Found

  • In both groups, the treatment was effective, presenting significant differences for all the variables in the time factor. 
  • There were no significant differences between groups in intensity or frequency of pain, with a large effect size (>0.80), but there were intragroup differences for both intervention groups at one- and three-month follow-up. 
  • There were also no significant differences between groups in the secondary variables during the same follow-up period.

Wrap It Up

The results of this study suggest that orthopedic manual physical therapy does not increase the effects of a treatment based on biobehavioral therapy in the short or medium term, but these results should be interpreted with caution.

I do not have the full paper, only the abstract. How was the orthopedic manual physical therapy defined? What was involved? Is that SMT? I don’t know. 50 patients isn’t much of a sample size either really. 

I’m not sure why the WHO felt this one was suitable to make their determination off of but that’s why we’re doing this, right?

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

 

 

 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

 

Integrating Chiropractors

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….

That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes. 

Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms. 

We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website

Home

Social Media Links

https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

Twitter

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link

https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher:

https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn

https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

 

Omnivorous vs Vegan & SMT For Chronic Neck Pain

CF 314: Omnivorous vs Vegan & SMT For Chronic Neck Pain Today we’re going to talk about Omnivorous vs Vegan & SMT For Chronic Neck Pain But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable. We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel.  I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on wherever you listen to it 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #314 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 5).  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. Let’s start by giving Dr. Steven Brown out in Gilbert, AZ a shoutout. If you listened last week, we had a paper that was just the abstract. It was a paper that the WHO is using in part to help them formulate their opinion that SMT is recommended but at very low confidence.  The paper used orthopedic manual physical therapy, whatever the hell that is.  “The protocol consisted of accessory mobilizations (posteroanterior), traction of the lumbar region, mobilization with movement in the coxofemoral joint, and global techniques of neural mobilization of the lumbar spine. The duration of the orthopedic manual physical therapy was 20–25 minutes per session.”  Dr. Brown says, “They did not get actual lumbar spine, SI joint, or hip manipulation at all. Just 20-25 minutes of mobilization.” So, there you have it from one of last week’s papers. I think as we go through them, it’s getting clearer and clearer that the WHO may have an agenda. Which chiropractors expect, honestly. When you have MDs running the show, they’re going to be super slow to promote SMT to the MainStage for anything. Using papers like we’ve been seeing to make their determination is just, quizzical. For lack of a better word. It’s perplexing when we know there is more current and more impactful research in favor of SMT.  Moving on this week, I just got back from Jupiter, FL and the MCM Mastermind with Dr. Kevin Christie, Dr. Brett Winchester, Dr. Lindsey Mumma, and many more. Florida wasn’t warm. It was in the 50s and 60s but we were in a classroom most of the time anyway. We had some fine dining at The Woods, which is Tiger Woods’ restaurant. No Tiger sightings but none were expected. Lots of Bentleys, Mercedes, Lambos, and the like. It’s always a little crazy in Florida when you consider the amount of money strolling around those towns.  Lots of great discussions, lots of thoughts and plans. Now to have the time to organize the thoughts and take action on them. One fun one came from my little friend, Dr. Tiffany Armstrong from Iowa. Her and her husband have a great practice out there and are adding a gym to the mix. Fun fun.  She was talking about Storybrand and what are your Big 3? She said patients and clients can’t really keep up with more than three things. It got me to thinking and here’s what I came up with:
  1. Pain Relief
  2. Function, Stability, Strength
  3. Performance Care
That’s why you join a mastermind. That was a little comment on a discussion that we had in class. Nothing game changing but enough to give me some clarity and direction with some things I’ve been wanting to tweak and change. Imagine how many of those little comments and conversations we have over the weekend.  Lots of direction this morning outside of the. Podcast so I’m hopping into it  Item #1 Our first one today is called, “Cardiometabolic Effects of Omnivorous vs Vegan Diets in Identical Twins: A Randomized Clinical Trial” by Landry et. Al and published in JAMA Network Open November 30, 2023. Kapow! It’s hottern’ a teapot! Remember, the citations can be found at chiropractscforward.com under this episode.  Landry MJ, Ward CP, Cunanan KM, et al. Cardiometabolic Effects of Omnivorous vs Vegan Diets in Identical Twins: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6(11):e2344457. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.44457 Why They Did It Increasing evidence suggests that, compared with an omnivorous diet, a vegan diet confers potential cardiovascular benefits from improved diet quality (ie, higher consumption of vegetables, legumes, fruits, whole grains, nuts, and seeds).  The researchers wanted to compare the effects of a healthy vegan vs healthy omnivorous diet on cardiometabolic measures during an 8-week intervention. How They Did It This single-center, population-based randomized clinical trial of 22 pairs of twins randomized participants to a vegan or omnivorous diet (1 twin per diet).  Participant enrollment began March 28, 2022, and continued through May 5, 2022.  The date of final follow-up data collection was July 20, 2022.  This 8-week, open-label, parallel, dietary randomized clinical trial compared the health impact of a vegan diet vs an omnivorous diet in identical twins.  Twin pairs were randomized to follow a healthy vegan diet or a healthy omnivorous diet for 8 weeks.  Diet-specific meals were provided via a meal delivery service from baseline through week 4, and from weeks 5 to 8 participants prepared their own diet-appropriate meals and snacks. The primary outcome was difference in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration from baseline to end point (week 8).  Secondary outcome measures were changes in cardiometabolic factors, plasma vitamin B12 level, and body weight. Exploratory measures were adherence to study diets, ease or difficulty in following the diets, participant energy levels, and sense of well-being. A total of 22 pairs of twins What They Found After 8 weeks, compared with twins randomized to an omnivorous diet, the twins randomized to the vegan diet experienced significant mean (SD) decreases in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration, fasting insulin level, and body weigh Wrap It Up In this randomized clinical trial of the cardiometabolic effects of omnivorous vs vegan diets in identical twins, the healthy vegan diet led to improved cardiometabolic outcomes compared with a healthy omnivorous diet.  Clinicians can consider this dietary approach as a healthy alternative for their patients. Item #2 OK, the last one this week is called, “A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of manipulative therapy for patients with chronic neck pain” by Liu et. Al. published in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice in August of 2023 and it’s just hot enough! Zhen Liu, Jiao Shi, Yubo Huang, Xingchen Zhou, Huazhi Huang, Hongjiao Wu, Lijiang Lv, Zhizhen Lv, A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of manipulative therapy for patients with chronic neck pain, Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, Volume 52, 2023, 101751, ISSN 1744-3881, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2023.101751. Why They Did It An increasing number of people suffer from chronic neck pain due to increased telecommuting. Manual therapy is considered a safe and less painful method and has been increasingly used to alleviate chronic neck pain.  However, there is controversy about the effectiveness of manipulation therapy on chronic neck pain.  Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to determine the effectiveness of manipulative therapy for chronic neck pain. How They Did It A search of the literature was conducted on seven databases from the establishment of the databases to May 2022.  This study included RCTs on chronic neck pain managed with manipulative therapy compared with sham, exercise, and other physical therapies.  The retrieved records were independently reviewed by two researchers.  Further, the methodological quality was evaluated using the PEDro scale.  The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) assessment was used to evaluate the quality of the study results. Seventeen RCTs, including 1190 participants, were included in this meta-analysis. What They Found Manipulative therapy showed better results regarding pain intensity and neck disability than the control group.  Manipulative therapy was shown to relieve pain intensity and neck disability.  However, the studies had high heterogeneity, which could be explained by the type and control interventions.  In addition, there were no significant differences in adverse events between the intervention and the control groups. Wrap It Up Manipulative therapy reduces the degree of chronic neck pain and neck disabilities. Hurry, someone run and the the World Health Organization that we got a new paper to add to their crap recommendations…. More on the papers they’re using to recommend SMT at very low confidence in next week’s Part 6 of that series.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.       

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q   iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2   Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021   Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through   TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/   About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger    

The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 4)

CF 311: The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 4) Today we’re going to talk about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 4) But first, here’s th at sweet sweet bumper music

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable. We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel.  I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on wherever you listen to it 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #311 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about the same thing only it was Part 3.  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. It’s January 2 today as I’m typing. That means a new year….a new me. Right. Not really. I’m the exact same dude I was on 12/31 with the same personality, belt line, and problems . My daughter said, “”what’s your resolution, Dad?” I said I don’t make them. I don’t believe in them. I try to better myself every day. If I need to lose weight, we don’t wait until 12/31 to decide we’re going to do it. I think of stuff and I just do it.  So, I don’t do resolutions. However, I do like motive, ambition, decisions to move in a positive direction, and overall good positive feelings. So, while I don’t engage in resolutions myself, I do support them 100%.  I’ve said here that 2023 was a tough one for me personally and professionally. No big game changers or life changers. Just irritations that had to be dealth with. It wasn’t a fun one. So I’m hoping that 2024 will be finally movign in the right direction. The changes that need to be made happen and they have the effect they were intended to have and on and on.  My hope is the same for all of you.  We should all have a little extra time on our hands for a month or so. That’s if you take insurance. Deductibles re-set in January and for some reason, people don’t like using their own money so it’ll be a bit beffore they return. Usually, if experience serves me, it’ll be around mid February to the first of March before it really ramps back up.  That means we have time to plan, prepare, review our systems, train, and market.  So let’s get to it so we can all get after it.  Item #1 The first one this week is called “Chronic low back pain and vertebral manipulation” by Ghroubi et. Al. and published in Annals of Readaptive Physical Medicine and published in October of 2007. The WHO is using a paper from 2007. Duly noted.  Remember that the citations for these papers will be in teh show notes at chiropracticforward.com episode 311 Ghroubi S, Elleuch H, Baklouti S, Elleuch MH. Les lombalgiques chroniques et manipulations vertébrales. Etude prospective à propos de 64 cas [Chronic low back pain and vertebral manipulation]. Ann Readapt Med Phys. 2007 Oct;50(7):570-6. French. doi: 10.1016/j.annrmp.2007.02.012. Epub 2007 Mar 8. PMID: 17382426. Why They Did It This study examined the short-term effectiveness of vertebral manipulation for treating chronic low back pain and disability. How They Did It Sixty-four patients were randomly assigned into two groups.  One group received 4 true vertebral manipulations (VMG), and the other group received sham manipulations (sham-VMG) under the same conditions as for the first technique.  Patients formulated assessments after the manipulations and 1 month later. What They Found
  • Patients receiving the true manipulations showed significant improvement in pain (visual analogic scale score and function)
  • (Oswestry scale). Pain improvement persisted at the second month (P=0.01). 
  • The improvement was more evident in the group that received adjustments than the sham-group. 
  • No change in perceived disability was observed in the sham-VMG.
Wrap It Up Our study confirms the efficiency of short-term vertebral manipulation for treating chronic low back pain. The assessment of vertebral manipulation effectiveness is difficult. This manual therapy must be preceeded by a specific clinical exam performed by a trained physician. Item #2 The last one this week is called, “Lumbar spinal manipulation on trial. Part I–clinical assessment” by Evans et. Al. published in Rheumatological Rehabilitation in February 1978. Yes, the WHO is basing our effectiveness partly on a paper from 1978 that had a sample of 32. Whether the information is positive or negative in the paper……should we be looking at stuff from 1978, 46 years ago, with such a small sample when we’ve seen so many more current papers come through showing effectiveness? I’m not research so it’s just a question from and enthusiastic observer. That’s all.  Evans DP, Burke MS, Lloyd KN, Roberts EE, Roberts GM. Lumbar spinal manipulation on trial. Part I–clinical assessment. Rheumatol Rehabil. 1978 Feb;17(1):46-53. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/17.1.46. PMID: 153574.
  • Thirty-two patients with chronic low back pain were treated three times at weekly intervals with rotational manipulation. 
  • Patients with femoral or sciatic root pain were included provided they did not exhibit root compression signs. 
  • Background therapy of codeine phosphate was administered throughout. 
  • There was a significant increase in spinal flexion measured clinically during the three-week period of manipulation followed by a significant decrease in the three-week period after manipulation. 
  • The first week of manipulative treatment was more painful than the corresponding week in the control group but in the second and third weeks there was less pain in the manipulated group. 
  • Pain scores were reduced to a significant degree within four weeks of starting treatment only in the group manipulated in the first treatment period. 
  • Patients benefitting subjectively from manipulation were more likely to be older and to have had symptoms for a shorter period than those not deriving benefit. 
  • The age of onset of symptoms was significantly later in the responders.
Well, there you have it for part 4 of why the WHO recommends spinal manipulative therapy but at very low confidence.  We have TEN more episodes on this to explore. Are we enjoying this? Is it useful to you? I know I’m learning and I’m definitely covering papers we haven’t covered on the podcast before so I’m locked in and rocking. I’d love to hear form you on it.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
  The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 3)

CF 310: The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 3) Today we’re going to talk about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 3) But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable. We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel.  I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on wherever you listen to it 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #310 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about the same thing we’ll be covering this week but that was part 2 and we are about to get going with part 3 so hold your shorts.  Go back and listen to last week’s when you have time because you need to Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. Well, Christmas was yesterday so I just have the holiday hangover today basically. Not from alcohol. I didn’t drink a drop yesterday. Just the activity, the family, the food, and the goign from here to there. Everything involved with a big holiday.  It’s been a tough year for me and my family. We are still recovering from a key passing in our family last year. The ripples were felt all year this year as well. An incredible amount of staff turnover, the like of I’ve never seen in 26 years of practice. And so much more. It was a tough one. While I know a new year makes no real difference, I’m hoping to put 2023 to bed and move to a positive, optimistic, properous 2024 full of more peace for me and my family.  After Chritmas……I’m tired. My normal bed time is around 1:00 am. Last night I was in bed and asleep by about 10:30. When I’m out that early, you know I had all I wanted. Maybe I’m just getting old.  This goes for young, mid, and old…..what are your practice plans?/ what’s the end game? Are you aiming to die in your office still working on patients? Which is fine. It’s just the question that needs to be answered. We get out of college and we start working. Day after day. Many times without thinking of the endgame which, when we’re younger, we don’t think will ever actually happen because we are, of course, indestructible.  Well, my friends, take it from your ol’ Uncle Jeffro, the day does indeed come for all of us. The chiropractor that made me want to be a chiropractor, Dr. Jerry Whitehead from Perryton, TX, just passed away. Sad but true. So what’s the end game? My advice…..build it to sell it. Maybe not in the next 5 years. Maybe not in the next 25 years. But if you build it to sell it, when you’re ready, you have a sell-able product with systems and staff in place to continue what you started.  Imagine an investor or another chiropractor that has it all laid out before them and all they have to do is sign on the line and it’s theirs.  So, my plan for example, is to get an associate in place. Then get another associate in place so there is redundancy. If one leaves us, the remaining one is there to train the next. I want to pay them in a way that the thought of leaving here and having to start their own thing just makes them want to puke. I got that idea from another very successful chiro.  Open up the books, show them your overhead and let them know how hard it is to run the show. Then pay them enough that the thought of giving up that money and having to be in control of all of that stress and management just makes them sick to their stomach.  Then, work into a management position. Also, if you haven’t named your practice yet, don’t do ‘Last Name Chiropractic’. What if I named mine Williams Chiropractic and someone named Bradburn bought it? Well now they have to completely re-brand or keep a name that’s not even theirs. We are Creek Stone for a reason. I like the imagery of the name but it’s also non-descript so anyone can buy it and comfortably continue building the brand.  I try to continuously strike a balance between building trust in me and my name with my community but also let the brand be the marketer instead of having my name and face on every bit of marketing. The less my name and face is in all of the branding, the easier it is for someone else to buy it and not have to overcome the transition of going from my name and face to theirs. If the brand is strong, it will stand on its own instead of depending on my name and image. Also, start thinking now, “What is your exit number?” Assuming you will exit at some point. I have a number in mind for me to have all bills covered, all debts paid, and have plenty fo retirement. With VoiceOver, that number has been significantly reduced by the way. Side gigs that can carry into and sustain retirement are pretty damn nice. We have airbnbs and VoiceOver helping us out on the deal.  I have a plan that I set into motion around 3 years ago and it’s really been paying off so, if all of the pieces fit together, I can ideally be in at least partial retirement by 55 or 56 I think. I hope.  My mom says thats too early. That I’m not old enough to retire. I responded to her, “Who the heck told you that?” Probably some corporation that needs their workers to stay in place into their late 60’s. I’ve workd hard since I was 14. I’m 51. I’m a musician, singer/songwriter, sculptor, painter, futrniture builder, voice actor, landlord, husband, and dad. I’m not wanting to retire. I just want to retire from every day, all day patient care. That’s all.  Anyway, if we were to make New Year’s resolutions, mine would be that my plan keeps taking shape and my financial future keeps going in the right direction to gain more and more freedom of my time. Time is not replaceable and we’re either wasting it or we are investing it. Time cannot be purchased so I’m doing everyhting I can to make the most of what time I have left.  Some thoughts for you with this new year coming up on us.  Item #1 Our first one this week is on the WHO’s list and it’s called, “Spinal Manipulative Therapy for Chronic Lower Back Pain in Older Veterans: A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial” by Dougherty et. Al. and was published in Geriatric Orthopedic Surgical Rehabiliation in December of 2014.  Citations are in the show notes.  Dougherty PE, Karuza J, Dunn AS, Savino D, Katz P. Spinal Manipulative Therapy for Chronic Lower Back Pain in Older Veterans: A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil. 2014 Dec;5(4):154-64. doi: 10.1177/2151458514544956. PMID: 26246937; PMCID: PMC4252156. Why They Did It Chronic lower back pain (CLBP) is problematic in older veterans. Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is commonly utilized for CLBP in older adults, yet there are few randomized placebo-controlled trials evaluating SMT. How They Did It The purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of SMT to a sham intervention on pain (VAS, SF-36), disability (Oswestry Disability Index), and physical function (SF-36 subscale, Timed Up and Go) by performing a randomized placebo-controlled trial at 2 Veteran Affairs Clinics. What They Found
  • Older veterans (≥ 65 years of age) who were naive to chiropractic were recruited. 
  • A total of 136 were included in the study with 69 being randomly assigned to SMT and 67 to sham intervention. 
  • Patients were treated 2 times per week for 4 weeks (which is roughly the Clinical Compass guides for chronic pain) assessing outcomes at baseline, 5, and 12 weeks postbaseline. 
  • Both groups demonstrated significant decrease in pain and disability at 5 and 12 weeks. 
  • At 12 weeks, there was no significant difference in pain and a statistically significant decline in disability scores in the SMT group when compared to the sham intervention group. 
Wrap It Up
  • The SMT did not result in greater improvement in pain when compared to our sham intervention; however, SMT did demonstrate a slightly greater improvement in disability at 12 weeks. 
  • The fact that patients in both groups showed improvements suggests the presence of a nonspecific therapeutic effect.
This was in 2014. I think we could makes some educated guesses here in almost 2024 that that could be do to SMT affecting and supporting functional movement, proprioceptive input, and encouragement as far as activity. This could go toward what you’ve heard me mention with regard to Reframe the conversation. Reprogramming basically.  As a side note, after being in this thing 26 years, It’s really hard for me to imagine no difference in the pain levels. Even if just short term. I find it odd but the sample size is honestly small here.  Who knows? But there it is and this is one of the papers the WHO used to recommend SMT but at very low level of confidence.  Item #2 Our last one today is called, “The effect of spinal manipulation on brain neurometabolites in chronic nonspecific low back pain patients: a randomized clinical trial” by Didehdar et. Al. and published in Irish Journal of Medical Science in May of 2020.  Didehdar D, Kamali F, Yoosefinejad AK, Lotfi M. The effect of spinal manipulation on brain neurometabolites in chronic nonspecific low back pain patients: a randomized clinical trial. Ir J Med Sci. 2020 May;189(2):543-550. doi: 10.1007/s11845-019-02140-2. Epub 2019 Nov 26. PMID: 31773541. Why They Did It In patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (NCLBP), brain function changes due to the neuroplastic changes in different regions. They aimed to evaluate the brain metabolite changes after spinal manipulation, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy How They Did It In the current study, 25 patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain aged 20-50 years were enrolled.  Patients were randomly assigned to lumbopelvic manipulation or sham.  Patients were evaluated before and 5 weeks after treatment by the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy What They Found After treatment, severity of pain and functional disability were significantly reduced in the treatment group vs. sham group  After treatment, N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) in thalamus, insula, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) regions, as well as choline (Cho) in the thalamus, insula, and somatosensory cortex (SSC) regions, had increased significantly in the treatment group compared with the sham group.  A significant increase was further observed in N-acetyl aspartate in thalamus, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and somatosensory cortex regions Also, a significant increase was observed in glutamate and glutamine levels of thalamus.  There was no significant difference in terms of brain metabolites at baseline and after treatment  in the sham group. Wrap It Up In the patient with low back pain, spinal manipulation affects the central nervous system and changes the brain metabolites. Consequently, pain and functional disability are reduced. Nice. I’m not going to pretend to be a Neuro wonk but that’s nice.  There is a response when things are done to us. Of course. I see this come up with the insistence that adjustments improve the immune system. OK, but for how long? And is the improvement about the same is getting hit in the butt with a 2×4?  I don’t know the answers to those questions by the way. But, until we do, it’s probably not responsible to advertise that spinal manipulative therapy increases the immune system. If I see an ad that says, “Come in and get you adjustment to ward off COVID and flu,” my face is going to split and my eyes will roll out of my head. Because……just….no. Don’t do it please.  That was a slight tangent so let’s just stop here.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 1)

CF 308: The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 1) Today we’re going to talk about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 1) But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable. We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel.  I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on wherever you listen to it 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #308 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about Sciatica & Mental Stimulation And Dementia.  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. Man…..just getting ready for Christmas and all that good stuff. Actually, we are ramping up marketing. We’re doing it the wrong damn way though. Here’s what I mean; we are doing reactive marketing rather than proactive marketing.  I market every week with social media posts, emails, and internal stuff. But REALLY maketing and spending some money to do so, yeah, I haven’t done much of that for one big reason. Because I still have somewhat newer staff. And yes….I’m one of those that doesn’t have a professional marketer or rep. I send our staff out to market.  Here’s the best reason why. We are off on Tuesday afternoons because I’m either doing continuing ed or I’m doing VoiceOver. Instead of warming up a chair in teh clinic doing absoluttey nothing, let’s go spread the word of this amazign clinic in Amarillo, TX called Creek Stone.  I’d rather pay an hourly wage for half-assed marketing than an hourly wage for professional time-killing and trying to look busy.  So yes, we’ve been painfully slow compared to my normal so we are kicking the marketing into high gear and with the help of a coupld of my Mastermind besties, we have some really great ideas that we think can be very effective in getting this clinic back at the top of the game.  The staff overturn in the last year has just been brutal, folks. I’ve never in 26 years experienced anything like it. It has kept us mostly stagnate but beyond valleys are the peaks and I feel pretty good about the peak we’re about to come up on.  We have some great direction with the marketing but also great direction on website SEO and we finally feel that we have solved our billing and collections equation and finally have one that we feel really really good about.  While we have a slow down, it has given us the time to plug some holes and get our house back in order and get ready for the growth that is about to happen.  I want to go on a little trip here with the next several episodes of the podcast so let me lay the base coat for you. At the TCA, one of my buddies and our legislative homey, Dr. Craig Benton from Lampassas, TX, is trying to get movement on the Medicare Equality Bill and we are doing what we can to get more congressmen signed onto the bill.  As part of that initiative, Craig sent an email that had a paper attached showing benefits of spinal manipulative therapy. It was from the World Health Organization. Well, one of our executives from the TCA emailed back wondering why, in 2023 with all of the info on the benefits of smt, there is still a designation of very low confidence for SMT. In fact, if I recall correctly, ultrasound was poor and smt was very poor or something of that nature.  So, this executive asked where the WHO got its information, so I started diving into the paper and found a list of their research for SMT. I thought it would be interesting to go through them to answer our questions and maybe we all learn something.  So…..why the hell not? And remember this. At the end of each and every episode of this podcast I say, “he profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen.”  I want you to know that I don’t just say that, I walk that walk and have for around 15 years. If you’re not active, get your ass moving.  Item #1 In that spirit, the first one today iis called “Manual therapy followed by specific active exercises versus a placebo followed by specific active exercises on the improvement of functional disability in patients with chronic non specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial” by Balthazard et. Al. and published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders in August 2012.  Remember, the paper citations are in the show notes. Also, this is a pilot study. I don’t include pilot studies in this podcast usually but, the WHO is using it to determine the effectiveness of SMT so we might as well cover what the WHO is using.  Balthazard P, de Goumoens P, Rivier G, Demeulenaere P, Ballabeni P, Dériaz O. Manual therapy followed by specific active exercises versus a placebo followed by specific active exercises on the improvement of functional disability in patients with chronic non specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2012 Aug 28;13:162. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-13-162. PMID: 22925609; PMCID: PMC3518179. Why They Did It Recent clinical recommendations still propose active exercises (AE) for CNSLBP. However, acceptance of exercises by patients may be limited by pain-related manifestations.  Current evidence suggests that manual therapy (MT) induces an immediate analgesic effect through neurophysiologic mechanisms at peripheral, spinal and cortical levels.  The aim of this pilot study was first, to assess whether MT has an immediate analgesic effect, and second, to compare the lasting effect on functional disability of MT plus AE to sham therapy (ST) plus AE. How They Did It
  • Forty-two low back patients without co-morbidities, randomly distributed into 2 treatment groups, received either spinal manipulation/mobilization (first intervention) plus exercise, or detuned ultrasound (first intervention) plus exercise. 
  • Eight therapeutic sessions were delivered over 4 to 8 weeks. 
  • Immediate analgesic effect was obtained by measuring pain intensity (Visual Analogue Scale) before and immediately after the first intervention of each therapeutic session. 
  • Pain intensity, disability (Oswestry Disability Index), fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire), erector spinae and abdominal muscles endurance (Sorensen and Shirado tests) were assessed before treatment, after the 8th therapeutic session, and at 3- and 6-month follow-ups.
What They Found
  • Thirty-seven subjects completed the study. 
  • MT intervention induced a better immediate analgesic effect that was independent from the therapeutic session 
  • Independently from time after treatment, manual therapy with exercise induced lower disability and a trend to lower pain. 
  • Six months after treatment, Shirado test was better for the sham treatment group. 
Wrap It Up
  • This study confirmed the immediate analgesic effect of MT over ST. 
  • Followed by specific active exercises, it reduces significantly functional disability and tends to induce a larger decrease in pain intensity, compared to a control group. 
  • These results confirm the clinical relevance of MT as an appropriate treatment for CNSLBP.
Item #2 Our last one today is called, “Spinal manipulative therapy-specific changes in pain sensitivity in individuals with low back pain” by Bialosky et. Al. and published in Journal Of Pain in February 2014.  Bialosky JE, George SZ, Horn ME, Price DD, Staud R, Robinson ME. Spinal manipulative therapy-specific changes in pain sensitivity in individuals with low back pain (NCT01168999). J Pain. 2014 Feb;15(2):136-48. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2013.10.005. Epub 2013 Oct 27. PMID: 24361109; PMCID: PMC3946602. Why They Did It Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is effective for some individuals experiencing low back pain; however, the mechanisms are not established regarding the role of placebo. SMT is associated with changes in pain sensitivity, suggesting related altered central nervous system response or processing of afferent nociceptive input. Placebo is also associated with changes in pain sensitivity, and the efficacy of SMT for changes in pain sensitivity beyond placebo has not been adequately considered. How They Did It
  • We randomly assigned 110 participants with low back pain to receive SMT, placebo SMT, placebo SMT with the instructional set “The manual therapy technique you will receive has been shown to significantly reduce low back pain in some people,” or no intervention. 
  • Participants receiving the SMT and placebo SMT received their assigned intervention 6 times over 2 weeks. 
  • Pain sensitivity was assessed prior to and immediately following the assigned intervention during the first session. 
  • Clinical outcomes were assessed at baseline and following 2 weeks of participation in the study.
What They Found
  • Immediate attenuation of suprathreshold heat response was greatest following SMT. 
  • Group-dependent differences were not observed for changes in pain intensity and disability at 2 weeks. 
  • Participant satisfaction was greatest following the enhanced placebo SMT.
Wrap It Up The results of this study indicate attenuation of pain sensitivity is greater in response to SMT than the expectation of receiving an SMT. These findings suggest a potential mechanism of SMT related to lessening of central sensitization and may indicate a preclinical effect beyond the expectations of receiving SMT. Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger      

Motor Control Stiffening & Spinal Manipulation And The Vertebral Artery

CF 289: Motor Control Stiffening & Spinal Manipulation And The Vertebral Artery

Today we’re going to talk about Motor Control Stiffening & Spinal Manipulation And The Vertebral Artery

But first, heres that sweet sweet bumper music

 

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
 

OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.

We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.

I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast. I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.

Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do.

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent educational resource for you AND your patients. It saves you time putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams.
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page,
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #289

Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about COVID delayed surgeries and lumbar stenosis. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.

On the personal end of things…..

What a day and what a week. In trying to keep up with the work/life balance thing, my wife and I took our 16 year old daughter to the Taylor Swift show up in Denver last weekend. From here in Amarillo, TX, that’s about a 7 hour drive. Not terrible overall and for a big portion of the drive you have mountains to look at so it’s all good.

We found an app called Autio that is co-owned by Kevin Costner. Along your drive, certain things are marked on the app and there are stories about the area you’re driving through that you can listen to while you’re driving through it. Pretty cool and definitely adds another layer to your drive if you’re a traveler like we are.

TSwift brough in 73,000 screaming fans and it was the second night of a 2-night stand there in Denver. That’s just unreal, honestly. The numbers and money are just staggering when you think about it.

Now, beyond that, we’re just ramping up some new marketing ideas, working on updating my stats, and getting ready to go to Alaska. We’re going on a cruise in a week and a half or so. If I can, I’m going to pre-record some episodes. If I just don’t have time to do that, you’ll be out of an episode for a week or two and we’ll pick it back up on my return. .

Most of you know how it goes. It’s tough to be gone and it’s even tougher to catch up when you return. But I’ll do my very best.

Let’s hop in.

Item #1

The first one today is called “Evidence for a general stiffening motor control pattern in neck pain: a cross sectional study” by Meisingset et. al. and published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders onMarch 17, 2015.

Why They Did It

Neck pain is associated with several alterations in neck motion and motor control. Previous studies have investigated single constructs of neck motor control, while few have applied a comprehensive set of tests to investigate cervical motor control. This comparative cross- sectional study aimed to investigate different motor control constructs in neck pain patients and healthy controls.

How They Did It

  • A total of 166 subjects participated in the study,
  • 91 healthy controls (HC) and
  • 75 neck pain patients (NP) with long-lasting moderate to severe neck pain.
  • Neck flexibility, proprioception, head steadiness, trajectory movement control, and postural sway were assessed using a 3D motion tracking system (Liberty).

What They Found

  • Neck flexibility was lower in neck pain patients compared to healthy controls, indicated by reduced cervical ROM and conjunct motion.
  • Movement velocity was slower in neck pain patients compared to healthy controls.
  • Tests of head steadiness showed a stiffer movement pattern in neck pain patients compared to healthy controls, indicated by lower head angular velocity.
  • Neck pain patients patients departed less from a predictable trajectory movement pattern (figure of eight) compared to healthy controls, but there was no difference for unpredictable movement patterns (the Fly test).
  • No differences were found for postural sway in standing with eyes open and eyes closed.
  • However, neck pain patients patients had significantly larger postural sway when standing on a balance pad.
  • Proprioception did not differ between the groups.
  • Largest effect sizes were found for neck and head steadiness.
  • Neck flexibility was the only construct that showed a significant association with current neck pain, while peak velocity was the only variable that showed a significant association with kinesiophobia.

Wrap It Up

  • Neck pain patients patients showed an overall stiffer and more rigid neck motor control pattern compared to healthy controls, indicated by lower neck flexibility, slower movement velocity, increased head steadiness and more rigid trajectory head motion patterns.
  • Only neck flexibility showed a significant association with clinical features in neck pain patients

 

 

Before getting to the next one,

 

Next thing, go to https://www.tecnobody.com/en/products That’s Tecnobody as in T-E-C-nobody. They literally have the most impressive clinical equipment I’ve ever seen. I own the ISO Free and am looking to add more to my office this year or next. The equipment you’re going to find over there can be marketed in your community like crazy because you’ll be the only one with something that damn cool in your office.

 

When you decide you cant live without those products, send me an email and Ill give you the hookup. They will 100% differentiate your clinic from your competitors.

I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com & get $50 off your purchase. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. I love it, my patients love it, and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it.

Item #2

Our last one this week is called, “Vertebral arteries do not experience tensile force during manual cervical spine manipulation applied to human cadavers” by Lindsay M. Gorrell,Andrew Sawatsky, W Brent Edwards & Walter Herzog and published in Taylor and Francis Online on 15 Nov 2022. Hot potato!

Why They Did It

 The objective of this study was to measure VA length changes that occur during cervical spine manipulation and to compare these to the VA failure length.

How They Did It

  • Piezoelectric ultrasound crystals were implanted along the length of the VA (C1 to C7) and were used to measure length changes during cervical spine manipulation of seven un-embalmed, post-rigor human cadavers.

  • Arteries were then excised, and elongation from arbitrary in-situ head/neck positions to first force (0.1 N) was measured. Following this, VA were stretched (8.33 mm/s) to mechanical failure. Failure was defined as the instance when VA elongation resulted in a decrease in force.

 

 

What They Found

  • From arbitrary in-situ head/neck positions, the greatest average VA length change during spinal manipulation was 5.1%

  • From arbitrary in-situ head/neck positions, arteries were elongated on average 33.5% prior to first force occurrence and 51.3% to failure.

  • Average failure forces were 3.4 N

Wrap It Up

  • Measured in arbitrary in-situ head/neck positions, VA were slack. It appears that this slack must be taken up prior to VA experiencing tensile force.

  • During cervical spine manipulations (using cervical spine extension and rotation), arterial length changes remained below that slack length, suggesting that VA elongated but were not stretched during the manipulation.

  • However, in order to answer the question if cervical spine manipulation is safe from a mechanical perspective, the testing performed here needs to be repeated using a defined in-situ head/neck position and take into consideration other structures (e.g. carotid arteries).

Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.

 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.

 

     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg
 

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

 

 

 

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….

That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.

Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.

We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website

Home

Social Media Links

https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

Twitter

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link

https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher:

https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn

https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

Meisingset I, Woodhouse A, Stensdotter AK, Stavdahl Ø, Lorås H, Gismervik S, Andresen H, Austreim K, Vasseljen O. Evidence for a general stiffening motor control pattern in neck pain: a cross sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2015 Mar 17;16:56. doi: 10.1186/s12891-015-0517-2. PMID: 25888215; PMCID: PMC4377005.

Lindsay M. Gorrell, Andrew Sawatsky, W Brent Edwards & Walter Herzog (2023) Vertebral arteries do not experience tensile force during manual cervical spine manipulation applied to human cadavers, Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 31:4, 261-269, DOI: 10.1080/10669817.2022.2148048

   

SMT and The Low Back & How Much Exercise Is Actually Needed

CF 278: SMT and The Low Back & How Much Exercise Is Actually Needed

 

Today we’re going to talk about SMT and The Low Back & How Much Exercise Is Actually Needed

 

But first, heres that sweet sweet bumper music

 

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

  OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.   We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.   I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.   Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do.

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent educational resource for you AND your patients. It saves you time putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams.
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page,
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at com

  You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode 278   Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about the safety of SMT in the cervical spine and we talked about Chiropractors’ beliefs around the need for x-rays. That one was surprising given the fact that it’s now 2023. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  

 

On the personal end of things…..

First thing’s first, yours truly voiced the Elvis character in a video game that just came out on Xbox and Playstation. It’s called God of Rock and the company that released it is called Modus.   If you’re a gamer and you like fighting games, go google up god of rock by Modus and see what you think. The Elvis character is named King and yep, that’s my voice. Even the grunts and groans, the punches and the taking damage. All of it. Crazy. Life. I lead, folks. Just insane but blessed too.   It’s warming up outside for most of us. At least here in the South it is. You Yankees feel free to correct me if you like. I can handle your ridicule.   It got me to thinking, with it getting warmer outside now, how does that affect your marketing efforts? Here’s what I’m thinking; what do we do more of when it warms up/

  • We do more yard work
  • Runners run more
  • Bikers bike more
  • Hikers hike
  • You’ve got Summer baseball, basketball, and whatnot.
  • Some of you will have rowing, waterskiing, and watersports. Note – that wouldn’t be Amarillo, TX just in case you’re wondering.

  The point being that your marketing might shift a bit to make sure you’re talking to the people that are out there putting their bodies under more stress than they have in the last 6 or so months.   So, go do all of the stuff. Build it this Summer  

Item #1   The first on today is called “Benefits and harms of spinal manipulative therapy for the treatment of chronic low back pain: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials” by Sidney M Rubinstein, Annemarie de Zoete, Marienke van Middelkoop, Willem J J Assendelft, Michiel R de Boer, Maurits W van Tulder and published in PubMed on March 13 2019.    

Why They Did It  

To assess the benefits and harms of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for the treatment of chronic low back pain.    

 

How They Did It  

  • Two reviewers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias and quality of the evidence.
  • The effect of SMT was compared with recommended therapies, non-recommended therapies, sham (placebo) SMT, and SMT as an adjuvant therapy.
  • Main outcomes were pain and back specific functional status, examined as mean differences and standardized mean differences (SMD), respectively. Outcomes were examined at 1, 6, and 12 months. Quality of evidence was assessed using GRADE. A random effects model was used and statistical heterogeneity explored.

  What They Found  

  • 47 randomised controlled trials including a total of 9211 participants were identified, who were on average middle aged (35-60 years).

 

  • Most trials compared SMT with recommended therapies. Moderate quality evidence suggested that SMT has similar effects to other recommended therapies for short term pain relief (mean difference -3.17, 95% confidence interval -7.85 to 1.51) and a small, clinically better improvement in function (SMD -0.25, 95% confidence interval -0.41 to -0.09).

 

  • High quality evidence suggested that compared with non-recommended therapies SMT results in small, not clinically better effects for short term pain relief (mean difference -7.48, -11.50 to -3.47) and small to moderate clinically better improvement in function (SMD -0.41, -0.67 to -0.15). In general, these results were similar for the intermediate and long term outcomes as were the effects of SMT as an adjuvant therapy.

 

  • Evidence for sham SMT was low to very low quality; therefore these effects should be considered uncertain. Statistical heterogeneity could not be explained.

 

  • About half of the studies examined adverse and serious adverse events, but in most of these it was unclear how and whether these events were registered systematically. Most of the observed adverse events were musculoskeletal related, transient in nature, and of mild to moderate severity.

 

  • One study with a low risk of selection bias and powered to examine risk (n=183) found no increased risk of an adverse event (relative risk 1.24, 95% confidence interval 0.85 to 1.81) or duration of the event (1.13, 0.59 to 2.18) compared with sham SMT. In one study, the Data Safety Monitoring Board judged one serious adverse event to be possibly related to SMT.

 

Wrap It Up  

SMT produces similar effects to recommended therapies for chronic low back pain, whereas SMT seems to be better than non-recommended interventions for improvement in function in the short term. Clinicians should inform their patients of the potential risks of adverse events associated with SMT.    Before getting to the next one,   Next thing, go to https://www.tecnobody.com/en/products That’s Tecnobody as in T-E-C-nobody. They literally have the most impressive clinical equipment I’ve ever seen. I own the ISO Free and am looking to add more to my office this year or next. The equipment you’re going to find over there can be marketed in your community like crazy because you’ll be the only one with something that damn cool in your office.   When you decide you cant live without those products, send me an email and Ill give you the hookup. They will 100% differentiate your clinic from your competitors.   I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com & get $50 off your purchase. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. I love it, my patients love it, and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it.  

Item #2   Our last one this week is called, “How much exercise is needed to live longer” by Sara Berg, MS and published in American Medical Association on March 16, 2018.  

Why They Did It   To know many minutes of moderate or vigorous physical activity are needed to lower the risk of premature mortality.  

How They Did It   From two large prospective U.S. cohorts, 116,221 adults self-reported leisure-time physical activity—defined as exercise that is not done at work—through a validated questionnaire. The questionnaire was repeated up to 15 times over the course of 30 years.    

What They Found  

  • The study found that those who worked out two to four times beyond the minimum physical activity recommendations had a lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease.

 

  • Those who worked out two to four times above the moderate physical activity recommendations—about 300 to 599 minutes each week—saw the most benefit.

 

  • Participants had a 26% to 31% lower all-cause mortality while 28% to 38% had lower cardiovascular mortality. On top of that, 25% to 27% experienced lower non-cardiovascular mortality.

 

Wrap It Up   Adults who worked out two to four times more than the vigorous physical activity recommendations—about 150 to 299 minutes per week—were found to have 21% to 23% lower all-cause mortality, according to the study. They were also reported to have 27% to 33% lower cardiovascular mortality and 19% lower non-cardiovascular mortality.     Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen.   Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.    

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

 

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you cant beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

 

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

 

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

 

And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

 

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….

 

Thats Chiropractic!

 

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.

 

Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.

 

We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.

 

Connect

We cant wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

 

Website

 

Social Media Links

https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

 

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

 

Twitter

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

 

iTunes

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

 

Player FM Link

https://player.fm/series/2291021

 

Stitcher:

https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

 

TuneIn

https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

 

About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

 

Safety of SMT in the Cervical Spine & Chiropractors’ Beliefs Around the Need for X-rays

CF 277: Safety of SMT in the Cervical Spine & Chiropractors’ Beliefs Around the Need for X-rays

Today we’re going to talk about the safety of SMT in the cervical spine & Chiropractors’ beliefs around the need for x-rays.

But first, heres that sweet sweet bumper music

 

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making  evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.   We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.   I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.   Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do.

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent educational resource for you AND your patients. It saves you time putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams.
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page,
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at com

  You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode 277   Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about Subacromial Dry Needling & Lumbar Discs With Stenosis Present. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  

 

On the personal end of things…..

I have just returned from the Tampa mastermind meeting so this likely will be shorter than normal. Mostly because after I’ve been gone a few days, the stuff has piled up and I’m usually tied up trying to get my desk cleared off and back to business as usually. The youz as the kids would say.   Tampa was good stuff, we had a talk from the Scheduling Institute and I was really impressed.

Wow.

I think this is a path I need to be going down and I think that path should start yesterday. Eye opening is just the most minimal way to put it.   We have hot seat sessions where one of us sits in the middle and tells the group their issues then the entire group asks questions and tries to offer help and advice to solve and move past those problems.  

We have Each One Teach One sessions to help learn what’s working for others in their practices. Kevin Christie and myself presented a 30 minute spot on ChatGPT.

Lindsey Mumma did one on niching your practice. And Ben Fergus did one on automating his front desk and check-in procedures. He’s done a lot of interesting things with his practice.   Again, get yourself into a Mastermind or create one. It’s outstanding.   Kevin is looking to maybe start another, separate group for the West Coast and Mountain area so keep your eyes and ears out. We’ll probably have Kevin on the podcast in the near future talking about that as well.   Let’s get at it.  

Item #1

The first one today is called “Safety of chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine: a prospective national survey” by Haymo W Thiel, Jennifer E Bolton, Sharon Docherty, Jane C Portlock and published in PUBMED on October 1, 2007.  

 

Why They Did It  

To estimate the risk of serious and relatively minor adverse events following chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine by a sample of U.K. chiropractors.  

 

How They Did It  

  • They studied treatment outcomes obtained from 19,722 patients.

 

  • Manipulation was defined as the application of a high-velocity/low-amplitude or mechanically assisted thrust to the cervical spine.

 

  • Serious adverse events, defined as “referred to hospital A&E and/or severe onset/worsening of symptoms immediately after treatment and/or resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity,” and minor adverse events reported by patients as a worsening of presenting symptoms or onset of new symptoms, were recorded immediately, and up to 7 days, after treatment.

 

What They Found  

  • Data were obtained from 28,807 treatment consultations and 50,276 cervical spine manipulations. There were no reports of serious adverse events.

 

  • This translates to an estimated risk of a serious adverse event of, at worse approximately 1 per 10,000 treatment consultations immediately after cervical spine manipulation, approximately 2 per 10,000 treatment consultations up to 7 days after treatment and approximately 6 per 100,000 cervical spine manipulations.

 

  • Minor side effects with a possible neurologic involvement were more common. The highest risk immediately after treatment was fainting/dizziness/light-headedness in, at worse approximately 16 per 1000 treatment consultations.

 

  • Up to 7 days after treatment, these risks were headache in, at worse approximately 4 per 100, numbness/tingling in upper limbs in, at worse approximately 15 per 1000 and fainting/dizziness/light-headedness in, at worse approximately 13 per 1000 treatment consultations.

 

Wrap It Up  

Although minor side effects following cervical spine manipulation were relatively common, the risk of a serious adverse event, immediately or up to 7 days after treatment, was low to very low.     Before getting to the next one,   I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com & get $50 off your purchase. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. I love it, my patients love it, and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it.  

Item #2

Our last one this week is called, “Examining Clinical Opinion and Experience Regarding Utilization of Plain Radiography of the Spine: Evidence from Surveying the Chiropractic Profession” by Philip A. Arnone, Steven J. Kraus, Derek Farmen, Douglas F. Lightstone, Jason Jaeger 4 and Christine Theodossis  and published in Journal of Clinical Medicine on 10 March 2023. Hot potato!  

Why They Did It  

  • Plain Radiography of the spine (PROTS) is utilized in many forms of healthcare including the chiropractic profession; however, the literature reflects conflicting opinions regarding utilization and value.
  • Despite being an essential part of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP), few studies assess Doctors of Chiropractic (DCs) clinical opinions and experience regarding the utilization of Plain Radiography of the spine in practice.

  How They Did It

  • In creating the survey for this study, the authors intended to be consistent with Evidence-Based Practice and developed a series of 11 questions to adequately reflect the clinical opinion and experience of the US DCs on the utilization of Plain Radiography of the spine in a chiropractic clinical setting.

 

  • The survey included a variety of both Likert and binary response options that could accurately reflect each DCs’ clinical opinions and experience rather than solely binary response options.

 

  • Many aspects of the clinicians’ decision process were considered during the process, including why practitioners would or would not order Plain Radiography of the spine, what value DCs attribute to Plain Radiography of the spine, how to adequately reflect DCs’ clinical opinion and experience of Plain Radiography of the spine as it relates to patient care, and issues related to plain radiography utilization safety and research.

 

What They Found  

  • There is an inverse relationship in the responses between DCs that do and do not utilize Plain Radiography of the spine in their practice; however, the clinical opinion of US DCs who utilized Plain Radiography of the spine in their practice assigns a high value to the utilization of Plain Radiography of the spine.

 

  • These doctors believe it to be safe and that the DCs’ clinical experience is adequate for recommending Plain Radiography of the spine.

 

  • In summary, 77.6% of these DCs indicated that Plain Radiography of the spine has value beyond the identification of pathology, 79.1% indicate that x-rays important regarding biomechanical analysis of the spine, 83.0% noted they are vital to chiropractic practice and 84.7% believe they aid in measuring outcomes.

 

Wrap It Up  

  • This survey provides the most extensive insight into the clinical opinion of the US chiropractic profession regarding Plain Radiography of the spine and suggests that the majority of the DCs consider utilization of x-rays to have value beyond the identification of pathology, to be vital to chiropractic practice and essential to biomechanical analysis.

 

  • The DCs who utilized Plain Radiography of the spine only to rule out pathology in the presence of red flags are, in fact, statistical outliers in this study and may represent a minority of US DCs.

 

  • A majority of the DCs also consider the doctors’ clinical experience and expertise, coupled with patient preferences, to be appropriate for recommending Plain Radiography of the spine.

 

  • Most DCs in this survey found that sharing spinal radiographic findings with the patient is beneficial for patient outcomes. All participants in the survey believed that patient outcomes would benefit from continued research regarding appropriate utilization of Plain Radiography of the spine.

 

  • The results of this survey clearly indicate the value of Plain Radiography of the spine reflected by DCs and demonstrate the need for continued research to help understand how this value can affect the quality of care, conservative correction of spinal alignment and patient health.

 

Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen.   Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you cant beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

 

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

 

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

 

And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

 

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….

 

Thats Chiropractic!

 

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.

 

Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.

 

We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.

 

Connect

We cant wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

 

Website

 

Social Media Links

https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

 

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

 

Twitter

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

 

iTunes

https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

 

Player FM Link

https://player.fm/series/2291021

 

Stitcher:

https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

 

TuneIn

https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

 

About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

 

Spinal Manipulative Therapy Adverse Events & SMT With Lumbar Herniation

CF 270: Spinal Manipulative Therapy Adverse Events & SMT With Lumbar Herniation

 

Today we’re going to talk about Spinal Manipulative Therapy Adverse Events & SMT With Lumbar Herniation

 

But first, heres that sweet sweet bumper music

 

 

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

  OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.   We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.   I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.   Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do.

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent educational resource for you AND your patients. It saves you time putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams.
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page,
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at com

  You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode 270   Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about Children, Activity, and Depression and Axially Loaded MRIs. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  

On the personal end of things…..

Isn’t it weird?  You have one group of staff for an amount of time, they all leave, then you are forced to replace them all at once basically…..then you get so busy that your cup runneth over?   For the last 6 months I’ve been running on maybe 30-35 appointments on a Friday and 130 for the whole week. Which is abysmal for me. I have a large machine to keep running and those numbers are just barely enough.   Now, we have 52 on my schedule today, which is a Monday as I type. I’ve got 153 for the week but I’m typing at 10am on Monday morning so none of Monday’s patients have been set up for Wednesday or Friday appointments. We ended up last week at 175 appointments.  

The point is not to brag but to demonstrate. You can do everything you can think of up to and including banging your head against the wall…and get nowhere if you have a staff that is not fully supporting the mission of not only getting patients better but ALSO growing your clinic.   You can meet with them, you can encourage them, you can show them the way to bonuses and extra pay, you can treat them like family, and all of the other stuff we do for our teams.   But if they’re not growth minded hustlers, they work against you. And I use hustlers in a complimentary context. A go-getter. Someone with drive. Someone that gets it and has some hustle.  

That’s a hustler to me.  

Don’t get me wrong here. Except for one of them, I absolutely love those girls. I would still do anything for them. No sweeter and no more caring people ever existed. You can have the most loving and caring people on the planet in place and still not be growth minded. The best people on the planet can still fall into ruts and get stuck in the daily grind.   My old team fell into bad habits that did not support growth. They were all besties. They all quit at the same time and we were forced to start completely over almost from scratch. And what seemed like a complete and utter disaster has become one of the greatest comeback stories of my career.  

We’ve done some other things as well. We started with a social media company. I’ve never done that before. We hired Darcy Sullivan with Propel for our website SEO to get that back up to snuff. We know Google is the biggest driver of new patients so it makes sense to spend the money to make sure it’s on par.  

But the biggest game changer has been our new staff. Hands down.   I tell you this for one reason only. If you’re down, here’s what you do and probably the order you should do it in:

  1. Take a long, hard, and very honest look at yourself and your habits. Are you doing the things you need to be doing to grow and to be successful? Are you paying attention to customer service and putting that #1? Are you properly training your staff and properly motivating them? It starts at the top so make sure you have a tight ship before you go looking anywhere else.
  2. Look at your marketing. Have you slacked on your internal and external marketing? If so, get those gaps filled.
  3. Website SEO – make sure it’s where it should be
  4. Pay very close attention to your staff. Their habits between patients. Their interactions with patients. The conversations they have with your patients on the way to therapy or rehab. Start phasing out the ones that do not fully support your mission and your clinic’s growth.

  That’s the advice you’re getting this week from your Ol’ Uncle Jeffro. Hopefully I dropped some good solid knowledge nuggets on some of you.   Take it or leave it but that’s the way I see it at the moment and it’s based on the school of hard knocks over the last 6 months. And, by the way and as a side note, isn’t it interesting that at 50 years old and in practice 25 years, we still learn lessons like this? Damnit.   Alright, here we go with this week’s research.      

Item #1  

The first one today is called, “A retrospective analysis of the incidence of severe adverse events among recipients of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy” by Eric Chun-Pu Chu and published in Scientific Reports on 23 January 2023. Dayum. That’s hot.     Why They Did It   This study examined the incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) of patients receiving chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), with the hypothesis that < 1 per 100,000 spinal manipulative therapy sessions results in a severe AE.  

How They Did It  

  • This study adhered to the Open Science Framework. The Ethics Committee of the Chiropractic Doctors Association of Hong Kong approved the study which included a waiver of patient consent.

 

  • All methods were performed in accordance with the relevant guidelines and regulations.

 

  • The current study was a retrospective database analysis of a complaints log including adverse events from January 1, 2017, through August 31, 2022.

    Wrap It Up  

  • This current study, which retrospectively studied a large dataset from integrated chiropractic clinics in Hong Kong, found that severe AEs potentially occurring in relation to SMT were rare, yielding an incidence of 0.21 per 100,000 SMT sessions.

 

  • No AEs were identified that were life-threatening or resulted in death.

 

  • The sample size of 39 AEs across 960,140 SMT sessions in 54,846 patients was insufficient to identify independent predictors of severe AEs.

    Before getting to the next one,   Next thing, go to https://www.tecnobody.com/en/products That’s Tecnobody as in T-E-C-nobody. They literally have the most impressive clinical equipment I’ve ever seen. I own the ISO Free and am looking to add more to my office this year or next. The equipment you’re going to find over there can be marketed in your community like crazy because you’ll be the only one with something that damn cool in your office.   When you decide you cant live without those products, send me an email and Ill give you the hookup. They will 100% differentiate your clinic from your competitors.     I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com & get $50 off your purchase. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. I love it, my patients love it, and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it.  

Item #2   Our last one this week is called, “Effects of Lumbar Manipulation Spinal in Patients with Pain Caused by a Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Systematic Review” by Guillermo Cano-Escalera and published in Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy on 2023-01-16. Hot potato!   Why They Did It   Herniated discs usually present with pain accompanied with paresthesia and loss of muscle strength, causing limitations in the activities of daily life. Among the therapeutic strategies aimed at obtaining an improvement in the symptomatology, highlights the Osteopathic manipulation.  

How They Did It  

  • 11 computerized databases were consulted.
  • Only randomized controlled clinical trials were included.
  • The tool for assessing the risk of bias was the one proposed by Cochrane.

  What They Found  

  • A total of 3 randomized controlled clinical trials were selected and considered low risk of bias.
  • The results showed an improvement in all the variables measured in the experimental group of osteopathic manipulation.
  • However, the improvement was greater in the study group that underwent surgery.

  Wrap It Up  

  • Lumbar manipulation spinal is an effective technique to improve the symptomatology of pain originating from a herniated lumbar disc.
  • None of the participants had adverse reactions and their outcome improved significantly in the short and long term.

      Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen.   Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.      

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.   When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.   It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.   And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!  

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….   That’s Chiropractic!  

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.   Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.   We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.  

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com  

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/  

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/  

Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward  

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q  

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2  

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021  

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through  

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/  

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger    

Bibliography

  • Cano-Escalera, G. “Effects of Lumbar Manipulation Spinal in Patients with Pain Caused by a Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Systematic Review.” Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy Print- (ISSN 0973-5666) and Electronic –(ISSN 0973-5674) 17(1).  
  • Chu, E. C., Trager, R.J., Lee, L.YK (2023). “A retrospective analysis of the incidence of severe adverse events among recipients of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy.” Sci Rep 13: 1254.        

Nonpharmacologic Treatment In The ER & Spinal Manipulative Therapy For Non-musculoskeletal Conditions

CF 255: Nonpharmacologic Treatment In The ER & Spinal Manipulative Therapy For Non-musculoskeletal Conditions Today we’re going to talk about Nonpharmacologic Treatment In The ER & Spinal Manipulative Therapy For Non-musculoskeletal Conditions But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together. 

I want to get to this before getting to the research and even some more real estate investing talk this week.

Go to https://www.tecnobody.com/en/products That’s Tecnobody as in T-E-C-nobody. They literally have the most impressive clinical equipment I’ve ever seen. I own the ISO Free and am looking to add more to my office this year or next. The equipment you’re going to find over there can be marketed in your community like crazy because you’ll be the only one with something that damn cool in your office.  When you decide you can’t live without those products, send me an email and I’ll give you the hookup. They will 100% differentiate your clinic from your competitors.

Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent educational resource for you AND your patients. It saves you time putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #255 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about Gluteal Tendinopathy. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

I have a short week this week so I’m preparing to go to Key Largo to be with my MCM Florida Mastermind group. I went to the website and saw that 2023 is sold out for the group. I have to say, it’s really an impressive group, folks. I tried to get you all in. Lol.  We will be at this amazing place I recommend you check out someday. It’s in Key Largo and it’s called Playa Largo. It’s a resort and spa with restaurants and all of the comforts. It’s just wonderful and I can’t wait to go back. It’s a Monday now and by Thursday, afternoon, assuming the weather cooperates, we’ll be on the beach. 

In other news, I’m curious, on the previous episode, #254, I covered my experience with real estate investing and gave, what I hope, is really interesting and really useful information on investing in short term rentals. Go listen if you’re interested and you missed it.  What makes me think about that this week is that we have a first home. We bought it back in 2006 I believe. Very nice neighborhood. The house is 100 years old and I needed something newer and more current.  When we moved to our current house about 5 years ago, we kept it as a rental just for giggles.

This was before we got serious about real estate. We were just hoping to make a few hundred a month and have someone else buy our equity. Which is exactly what happened.  Fast forward and this year, we re-financed it to get a gob of money out to invest in a short term rental elsewhere. Well, a couple of months ago, we decided, you know what? Why don’t we just sell it to get it off our books so we can qualify for a hefty loan on something more tropical than Amarillo, TX. So we listed it.  Guess what? As our luck holds steady, the real estate market takes a dump about a week or two before we got it ready and listed. So now we can’t sell it for it’s appraisal price. 

Now, here’s the beauty of real estate. There are lots of options!!

  1. Take a bath and cut the price so deep that we lose money but get rid of the house. 
  2. Keep it as a long term rental
  3. Make it a short term rental

If you listened last week, then you probably already know the answer. Instead of taking a $15k-20k hit by cutting the price to sell it, we can take that money and furnish the house and make it a short term rental. So that’s what we’re doing.

I was at the house last night putting together a queen size bed with a trundle while my wife hung curtains.  We went to a site called airdna.co and using their Rentalizer tool, we evaluated the potential of that specific address and BAM…..it was a no-brainer.  So we are off and running.

One last note, if you go Airbnb and you get a property manager, you’re a sucker! They want 20% of your profits when, once set up, it’ll take you literally 15 minutes per week per listing to self-manage.  Go back to last week’s episode and listen but you can manage an STR in Florida from AZ with no problem. You need a wireless thermostat, a wireless Schlage Encode deadbolt, Ring cameras, a maintenance person, a lawn person, and a good cleaner. That’s it. Happy investing.

Now, onto the research.  Item #1 The first one is called “The global summit on the efficacy and effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy for the prevention and treatment of non-musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review of the literature” by Cote et. al. (Côté P 2021) and published in Chiropractic Manual Therapeutics on February 17th of 2021 and goes a lil sumpin’ like this. 

Why They Did It

A small proportion of chiropractors, osteopaths, and other manual medicine providers use spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) to manage non-musculoskeletal disorders. However, the efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions to prevent or treat non-musculoskeletal disorders remain controversial.

They say, We convened a Global Summit of international scientists to conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of SMT for the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of non-musculoskeletal disorders.

How They Did It

The Global Summit took place on September 14-15, 2019 in Toronto, Canada. It was attended by 50 researchers from 8 countries and 28 observers from 18 chiropractic organizations. At the summit, participants critically appraised the literature and synthesized the evidence.

What They Found

We retrieved 4997 citations, removed 1123 duplicates and screened 3874 citations. Of those, the eligibility of 32 articles was evaluated at the Global Summit and 16 articles were included in our systematic review.  Our synthesis included six randomized controlled trials with acceptable or high methodological quality (reported in seven articles). These trials investigated the efficacy or effectiveness of SMT for the management of infantile colic, childhood asthma, hypertension, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine. None of the trials evaluated the effectiveness of SMT in preventing the occurrence of non-musculoskeletal disorders. 

Consensus was reached on the content of all risk of bias and evidence tables. All randomized controlled trials with high or acceptable quality found that SMT was not superior to sham interventions for the treatment of these non-musculoskeletal disorders. Six of 50 participants (12%) in the Global Summit did not approve the final report.

Wrap It Up

Our systematic review included six randomized clinical trials (534 participants) of acceptable or high quality investigating the efficacy or effectiveness of SMT for the treatment of non-musculoskeletal disorders.  We found no evidence of an effect of SMT for the management of non-musculoskeletal disorders including infantile colic, childhood asthma, hypertension, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine. This finding challenges the validity of the theory that treating spinal dysfunctions with SMT has a physiological effect on organs and their function.  Governments, payers, regulators, educators, and clinicians should consider this evidence when developing policies about the use and reimbursement of SMT for non-musculoskeletal disorders.

Before getting to the next one, I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com & get $50 off your purchase. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. I love it, my patients love it, and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it.

Item #2

Our last one today is called “Are Nonpharmacologic Pain Interventions Effective at Reducing Pain in Adult Patients Visiting the Emergency Department? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis” by Sakamoto et. Al. (Sakamoto JT 2018) and published in Academy of Emergency Medicine in March of 2018. 

Why They Did It

Pain is a common complaint in the emergency department (ED). Its management currently depends heavily on pharmacologic treatment, but evidence suggests that nonpharmacologic interventions may be beneficial. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess whether nonpharmacologic interventions in the ED are effective in reducing pain.

How They Did It

We conducted a systematic review of the literature on all types of nonpharmacologic interventions in the ED with pain reduction as an outcome. We performed a qualitative summary of all studies meeting inclusion criteria and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies measuring postintervention changes in pain. Interventions were divided by type into five categories for more focused subanalyses.

What They Found

Fifty-six studies met inclusion criteria for summary analysis. The most studied interventions were acupuncture (10 studies) and physical therapy (six studies). The type of pain most studied was musculoskeletal pain (34 studies). Most (42 studies) reported at least one improved outcome after intervention. Of these, 23 studies reported significantly reduced pain compared to control, 24 studies showed no difference, and nine studies had no control group. Meta-analysis included 22 qualifying randomized controlled trials and had a global standardized mean difference of -0.46 (95% confidence interval = -0.66 to -0.27) in favor of nonpharmacologic interventions for reducing pain.

Wrap It Up

Nonpharmacologic interventions are often effective in reducing pain in the ED. However, most existing studies are small, warranting further investigation into their use for optimizing ED pain management. Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

Côté P, H. J., Axén I, Leboeuf-Yde C, Corso M, Shearer H, Wong J, Marchand AA, Cassidy JD, French S, Kawchuk GN, Mior S, Poulsen E, Srbely J, Ammendolia C, Blanchette MA, Busse JW, Bussières A, Cancelliere C, Christensen HW, De Carvalho D, De Luca K, Du Rose A, Eklund A, Engel R, Goncalves G, Hebert J, Hincapié CA, Hondras M, Kimpton A, Lauridsen HH, Innes S, Meyer AL, Newell D, O’Neill S, Pagé I, Passmore S, Perle SM, Quon J, Rezai M, Stupar M, Swain M, Vitiello A, Weber K, Young KJ, Yu H (2021). “The global summit on the efficacy and effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy for the prevention and treatment of non-musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review of the literature.” Chiropr Man Therap 29(1): 8.  

Sakamoto JT, W. H., Vissoci JRN, Eucker SA (2018). “Are Nonpharmacologic Pain Interventions Effective at Reducing Pain in Adult Patients Visiting the Emergency Department? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” Acad Emerg Med.