CF 318: How Specific Are Adjustments & Nerve Flossing Effectiveness Today we’re going to talk about How Specific Are Adjustments & Nerve Flossing Effectiveness But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music        

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    OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable. We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel.  I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
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You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #318 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 7).  We’re building a fairly clear picture of what the WHO has based their opinon of SMT on and it’s pretty shaky ground in my opinion. Basically, I think there’s an underlying agenda. There’s no way in my mind that ultrasound is equal in effectiveness to SMT, which is what the WHO is essentially saying  and we’re showing that the research they’ve used to base that opinion on pretty much sucks compared to more current research literature.  ake sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. We just flew back from The Bahamas last night and boy are my arms tired.  This was our first time to The Bahamas and we decided to give it a try because something in Mexico is always on fire or someone has just lost their head or something cartel crazy. So Mexico is a no for us. Lots of my friends still visit but not this gabacho. No siree.  So we figured with The Bahamas being just about 30 minutes on teh other side of Florida, that would be a nice little trip. So…..of course,….a few weeks before we go, news trickles in that 18 people ahve been murdered there within a month and the US Embassy raised the travel alert level for the Bahamas. That’s purely because we decided to book a trip there, by the way. In case you were wondering.  So, we were a little concerned but we shouldn’t have worried. We went straight from the airport to the resort with a transportation service and never left the resort on purpose. We could tell it was a bit sketch so we had no desire to explore. Plus, the resort/casino had tons of restaurants, tons of pools, a water park, fountains, the beach and ocean….all of it was pretty much right there so there was no need to explore really.  We stayed at Baha Mar and we really won’t be going back for a couple of reasons. We want to go somewhere that we don’t really need to worry about our safety. Like the Caymans, Costa Rica, Virgin Islands, or the Florida Keys. Also, except for a few places, we don’t usually return. Once we’ve seen it and done it, it’s time to explore something new.  This resort had a rave, dance party until 3:15 am on Friday night. I was furious. I guess with it being partly a casino, that’s appealing to someone but it’s not a non-gambling 51 year old that came to The Bahamas for rest and relaxation. Furious is an understatement but I got over it.  Everyone was great, the resort was mostly pretty impressive, and the getaway was a nice change. No work. Just hanging out and I enjoyed it.  Now, back to work and a day short this week so let’s get on with it.  Item #1 Our first one this week is called, “Determining cavitation location during lumbar and thoracic spinal manipulation: is spinal manipulation accurate and specific?” By ross et. Al and published in Spine Journal in July of 2004.  Remember, the citations can be found at chiropractscforward.com under this episode.  Ross JK, Bereznick DE, McGill SM. Determining cavitation location during lumbar and thoracic spinal manipulation: is spinal manipulation accurate and specific? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jul 1;29(13):1452-7. doi: 10.1097/01.brs.0000129024.95630.57. PMID: 15223938. Why They Did It Clinicians utilizing spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) claim to be very specific and accurate with the delivery of their dynamic thrust.  It has been suggested that the clinical success of SMT is dependent on the accurate delivery of that therapy to the target spinal joints. The purpose of this study is to first locate the joints that produce an audible sound in response to manipulation (cavitation) during spinal manipulative procedures so that the accuracy and specificity of manipulation can be assessed. How They Did It Sixty-four asymptomatic participants, ranging in age from 22 to 49 years, volunteered to act as patients for the study.  Twenty-eight different clinicians performed thoracic and lumbar spinal manipulative procedures.  The range of clinical experience was 1 to 43 years. Asymptomatic participants received SMT to either the thoracic or lumbar regions of their spine.  Accelerometers were secured to the skin over the spinal column, and the relative time at which each accelerometer detected the vibration from the cavitation associated with the SMT was used to calculate the source of the vibration.  The site of cavitation was then compared with the target location. What They Found For lumbar SMT, the average error from target of 124 cavitations in lumbar procedures was 5.29 cm (at least one vertebra away from target), with a range of 0 to 14 cm.  Of these cavitations, 57 were deemed to be accurate and 67 were deemed to be inaccurate.  The average error from target of 54 cavitations in the thoracic spine was 3.5 cm, with a range of 0 to 9.5 cm.  Of these cavitations, 29 were deemed to be accurate and 25 were deemed to be inaccurate.  In most cases, individual manipulative procedures were associated with multiple cavitations ranging from 2 to 6. Wrap It Up In the lumbar spine, SMT was accurate about half the time.  However, because most procedures were associated with multiple cavitations, in most cases, at least one cavitation emanated from the target joints.  In the thoracic spine, SMT appears to be more accurate. Item #2 Our last one today is called “Effectiveness of neural mobilisation for the treatment of nerve-related cervicobrachial pain: a systematic review with subgroup meta-analysis” by Lascurain-Aguirrebena et. Al. and published in Pain in March of 2024.  That’s so hot it’s still on the damn burner! Lascurain-Aguirrebeña, Iona,b,*; Dominguez, Laurac; Villanueva-Ruiz, Ikerc,d; Ballesteros, Javiere,f,g; Rueda-Etxeberria, Mikele; Rueda, Jose-Ramónc; Casado-Zumeta, Xabatd; Araolaza-Arrieta, Maialend; Arbillaga-Etxarri, Aned; Tampin, Brigitteh,i,j. Effectiveness of neural mobilisation for the treatment of nerve-related cervicobrachial pain: a systematic review with subgroup meta-analysis. PAIN 165(3):p 537-549, March 2024. | DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000003071   Why They Did It Neural mobilisations (NM) have been advocated for the treatment of nerve-related cervicobrachial pain; however, it is unclear what types of patients with nerve-related cervicobrachial pain (if any) may benefit.  How They Did It Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PeDro, Cinahl, and Cochrane databases were searched from inception until December 2022. Randomised controlled trials were included if they assessed the effectiveness of Neural mobilisations in nerve-related cervicobrachial pain, and outcome measures were pain intensity and/or disability.  Meta-analyses with subgroup analyses were performed.  Twenty-seven studies were included. What They Found For pain and disability reduction, Neural mobilisations was found to be more effective than no treatment, increased the effectiveness of standard physiotherapy as an adjuvant when compared with standard physiotherapy alone but was no more effective than cervical traction.  For disability reduction, Neural mobilisations was found to be more effective than exercise Wrap It Up In most comparisons, there were significant differences in the effectiveness of Neural mobilisations between the subgroups.  Neural mobilisations was consistently more effective than all alternative interventions (no treatment, traction, exercise, and standard physiotherapy alone) in 13 studies As I’ve heard my friend and esteemed colleauge, Dr. Brandon Steele say before, “If a patient has radiculopathy and there’s only one thing I can do for them, it’s nerve flossing.” And I agree.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
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