evidence based

What Sitting On Your Butt Will Get You & Catastrophizing An MRI Result

CF 180: What Sitting On Your Butt Will Get You & Catastrophizing An MRI Result Today we’re going to talk about sitting on your butt and we’ll talk about catastrophizing from an image.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #180 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about the alarming rising death rate among the working-age population and we discussed the role nutrition can play in chronic pain. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

It’s going to be a short one this week. I have to fit a full week if work responsibilities into three days because I’m taking off Thursday through Tuesday. My wife and kids and I are heading out to New Orleans to get fat and drink funny drinks.  I love Louisiana. I was in the football team at West Texas State for one semester before transferring to Northwestern Louisiana in Natchitoches. Same town Steel Magnolias was filmed in. Absolutely gorgeous. Going from the Texas Panhandle to Louisiana was a culture shock y’all. Whole different wonderful world. I tell people that you simply cannot spend any amount of real-time in Louisiana without absolutely falling in love with the people, the music, the culture, the food…..the VIBE. It’s special. We like to travel. I’ve told you here several times that you need a trip at least once per quarter. Something to look forward to. Something to work toward.  Once we see a place, it’s time to move on and see something else. There are too many places to see in the world to be going back to the same ol’ places all of the time.

Except for New Orleans. We go back just as often as we get the opportunity to.

It’s somewhat close and we love it So, we’re going this week. And I have to keep it short. The medical integration is going slowly. Business is steady but not Pre- Covid numbers. I’m frustrated with that if Imm. Ring honest and I’m always honest with you all. It’s really kind of pissing me off. But I’m a Christian. It’s not always in my hands. Good luck looks a whole lot like hard hard work. So do what’s right. Treat people right. Love folks. It’ll work out. Just be prepared and try to be a learn it all instead of a know it all. Here we go. But first, let’s hear from our amazing, practice-changing sponsors!

CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT

Item #1

The first item up is called “The Association Between Leisure-time Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Low Back Pain: A Cross-sectional Analysis in Primary Care Settings” by Lemes, et. al. [1] and published in Spine Journal on May 1, 2021 Hot tamale, hot tamale….get ‘em while they’re good ’n’ hot!

Why They Did It To investigate the association between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and low back pain (LBP) in adults from primary care settings, and to explore how sedentary behavior influences this association.

How They Did It

  • Cross-sectional analysis of an ongoing longitudinal study with adults from Bauru, Brazil – that was 557 individuals.
  • Data on physical activity, sitting time, LBP, BMI, and chronic diseases were assessed by face-to-face interviews, physical evaluation, and medical records. 
  • Sociodemographic, behavioral, and health variables were used as covariables in the multivariable models.

What They Found

  • The fully adjusted model showed that active participants were 33% less likely to have LBP when compared with those insufficiently active
  • A significant association was found for active participants who spent less than 3 h/day sitting but not for those who spent 3 h/day or more in sedentary activities
  • An inverse association of LTPA with LBP was observed in obese participants, but not in those with normal BMI and overweight.

Wrap It Up

Leisure-time physical activity was inversely associated with the prevalence of LBP in adults from primary care. This association was influenced by sedentary behavior and BMI.

Item #2

Our last one this week is called, “The catastrophization effects of an MRI report on the patient and surgeon and the benefits of ‘clinical reporting’: results from an RCT and blinded trials” by Rajasekaran, et. al. [2] and published in European Spine Journal in March of 2021.  Pork chops and hot sauce. 

Why They Did It Inappropriate use of MRI leads to increasing interventions and surgeries for low back pain (LBP). We probed the potential effects of a routine MRI report on the patient’s perception of his spine and functional outcome of treatment. An alternate ‘clinical reporting’ was developed and tested for benefits on LBP perception.

How They Did It In Phase-I, 44 LBP patients were randomized to Group A who had a factual explanation of their MRI report or Group B, who were reassured that the MRI findings showed normal changes. The outcome was compared at 6 weeks by VAS, PSEQ-2, and SF-12. In Phase-II, clinical reporting was developed, avoiding potential catastrophizing terminologies. In Phase-III, 20 MRIs were reported by both routine and clinical methods. The effects of the two methods were tested on four categories of health care professionals (HCP) who read them blinded on their assessment of the severity of disease, possible treatment required, and the probability of surgery.

What They Found

  • Both groups were comparable initial by demographics and pain. 
  • After 6 weeks of treatment, Group A had a more negative perception of their spinal condition, increased catastrophization, decreased pain improvement, and poorer functional status(p = significant for all). 
  • The alternate method of clinical reporting had significant benefits in the assessment of lesser severity of the disease, shift to lesser severity of intervention and surgery in three groups of HCPs.

Wrap It Up

Routine MRI reports produce a negative perception and poor functional outcomes in LBP. Focused clinical reporting had significant benefits, which calls for the need for ‘clinical reporting’ rather than ‘Image reporting’. Words matter, folks. Words matter. If you’re telling people that they have abnormal degeneration or an abnormally straightened cervical spine and telling them how concerned you are for their future if they don’t spend 70 visits and $5,000 this year to fix it……blah blah blah.  If you’re doing this, you either don’t understand stuff and you need to do a lot more sciencing……or…..or you’re predatory, unethical, and a sorry human being that needs to reconsider how you treat your fellow humans. 

Sorry, I realize that’s harsh. But it’s the truth. If you are taking images and using them to scare people into treatment to build your clinic and your numbers, you are in the wrong business. Go sell cars. This is healthcare and people’s very lives and the quality of their lives are involved.  Learn to communicate in a positive, optimistic manner. Learn to get people moving and functioning.

Learn to address the biopsychosocial aspect of pain. Learn to use it in the patient’s favor, not in your favor. Just learn if you don’t know these things. Raise the game. If you have the chance, and you do, why not just be a big deal then? Let’s all be big deal by being learn it alls. Being ethical, moral, honest, and loving. Oh, and by acting responsibly based on the model of evidence-based, patient-centered care.  We have companies out there teaching chiropractors how to ‘close’ patients. What clowns. That’s clown stuff folks. Don’t do it. Raise the game.  Way too many shenanigans have been going on in this profession for way too long.  Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

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TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

1. Lemes ÍR, P.R., Turi Lynch BC, Codogno JS, Oliveira CB, Ross LM, Araújo Fernandes R, Monteiro HL,, The Association Between Leisure-time Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Low Back Pain: A Cross-sectional Analysis in Primary Care Settings. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2021. 46(9): p. 596-602. 2.

2. Rajasekaran S, D.C.R.S., Pushpa BT, Ananda KB, Ajoy Prasad S, Rishi MK,, The catastrophization effects of an MRI report on the patient and surgeon and the benefits of ‘clinical reporting’: results from an RCT and blinded trials. Eur Spine J, 2021.

Working Class Rising Death Rates & Nutrition Affects Chronic Pain

CF 179: Working Class Rising Death Rates & Nutrition Affects Chronic Pain Today we’re going to talk about the fact that there are rising death rates among folks that are of working-class age. Not just the elderly. Why is that happening? Then we’ll talk about diet and chronic pain.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music
Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 
You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #179 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about  whether chiropractors cause disc herniations or not and we talked about how family doctors still aren’t getting the message. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. This medical integration thing is about to take off. Wee ahve the contracts all drawn up, questions answered, and ready to get them all signed.  New EIN, new credentialing for me and the NP, and full steam ahead. Did you know that I have to re-credential under the new entity as well? What a pain in the backside, right? Hell yeah it is. I’m OK referring patients back and forth within the same group. You start to run into risk of getting in trouble with the Stark, anti-kickback laws when you are referring patients back and forth across different entities.  So, yeah….there’s that. I won’t bore you with the particulars but it’s definitely a ride we’re on and it’s go time.  Everything I’ve seen and experienced thus far tells me that we’re in a good spot and things are proceeding fairly smoothly. Slowly but smoothly. Next will be credentialing and that will slow everything down for a couple of months but that’s probably a good thing I’m guessing.  I’m fortunate to have a genius for a wife that understands a lot of the legal end of things that I’m just not talented at. Plus we have an attorney in Austin that literally wrote the integration law that has set it all up for us. And we have Dr. Tyce Hergert with Southlake Physical Medicine consulting us so we have a talented and very smart team.  Surrounding yourself with good people is the first step to success. We can’t be expected to be the smartest expert on everything that we encounter in our personal or professional lives. We need good people in our lives and our network. Good and talented people who have the right kind of heart for our style.  That’s exactly what I have right now so I’m very confident going forward. I don’t take big risks. I take measured, smart risks. That’s exactly where I’m at.  Alright, busy busy this week so let’s get scooting with this episode.  Item #1 This one called “High and Rising Working-Age Mortality in the US. A Report From the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine” by Mullan Harris, et. al. [1] published in JAMA on May 10, 2021. Servin em up steamy and saucy.  Why They Did It They say, “Life expectancy has increased in the US and in the world for the past century. In 2010, life expectancy plateaued in the US while continuing to increase in other high-income nations. In the US, life expectancy declined for 3 consecutive years (2015-2017) due primarily to an increase in mortality among working-age adults (those aged 25-64 years).1 Although the increase in mortality was first described among White middle-aged adults, mortality is now increasing among young and middle-aged adults and in all racial groups. This increase in premature death, claiming lives during the prime working ages, has important implications for individuals, families, communities, employers, and the nation.” They found that average working-age mortality rates decreased after 2010 in 16 high-income countries but increased in the US. Three causes of death were identified as chiefly responsible: (1) drug poisoning and alcohol-induced causes, (2) suicide, and (3) cardiometabolic diseases. The first category includes mortality from mental and behavioral disorders, which often involve drugs or alcohol. Cardiometabolic diseases include endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases (eg, diabetes, obesity); hypertensive heart disease; and ischemic heart disease and other diseases of the circulatory system (eg, arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, heart failure). Drug and alcohol use were the largest contributors to increasing mortality among working-age adults, accounting for 8% (an estimated 1.3 million) of deaths in this population between 1990 and 2017 (an average of 44 869 per year). The increase was largest among White male adults and older Black male adults. They go on. They say, “The drug crisis was the product of 2 influences: an increase in access to legal and illegal drugs and the vulnerability of certain populations. The licensing of OxyContin in 1996, subsequent flooding of the market with prescribed opioids, and waves of highly potent heroin and fentanyl that coincided with growing demand for these substances have been described as a perfect storm.3 The drug supply expanded with limited government oversight, substantial marketing by the pharmaceutical industry, and overprescribing by physicians.” With regards to Suicide, they say, “Suicide, which accounted for 569 099 deaths among working-age adults during 1990-2017 (an average of 20 325 per year), increased primarily among White adults, especially White men, and in less populated, rural areas. Few studies have established a cause for this trend. Economic stresses are a possibility; suicide is associated with economic downturns, wage stagnation, weak health care safety nets, and foreclosures.4 Another potential contributing factor is declining social support from churches, civic organizations, and families. Such social supports, which protect against self-harm, have declined in recent decades, especially among lower-educated White adults. Easier access to firearms is associated with increased suicide rates; however, the greater increase in nonfirearm suicides during this period suggests other causes. Other risk factors for suicide include mental illness, comorbid conditions, disability, and substance use.” With regard to cardiometabolic disease they say, “Cardiometabolic diseases caused more than an estimated 4.8 million deaths among working-age adults during 1990-2017 (an average of 173 062 per year). The largest relative increases in cardiometabolic mortality occurred among younger adults (aged 24-44 years) in all racial/ethnic groups, White men and women, Black men (in recent decades), and those living in rural areas. Cardiometabolic mortality rates increased after 2010 for 2 reasons: (1) mortality from endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases and hypertensive heart disease generally increased during 1990-2017 and (2) after a period of substantial reductions in mortality from ischemic heart disease and other circulatory diseases from the 1970s onward, progress stalled after 2010.” “The report discusses 3 explanations for this trend. First, the most important was the increased prevalence of obesity and its cardiometabolic consequences. Obesity rates increased in the early 1980s as a period-based phenomenon that affected the entire population, but the related cardiometabolic consequences occurred in a cohort fashion; younger cohorts born in the 1970s-1990s experienced obesogenic environments their entire lives, whereas exposure in older cohorts was limited to older ages.5 As a result, many young adults are entering their work lives with a high prevalence of chronic diseases associated with obesity. “ “The recent increase in mortality among working-age adults shows no signs of receding. Obesity rates are unrelenting, drug- and alcohol-related deaths and suicide rates, already high among working-age adults, increased during the COVID-19 pandemic” So what does all of that mean? Well, it means we are providers and we need to know this stuff and be aware of it. We need to be able to refer to specialists when we see the signs of drug or alcohol abuse, suicidal tendencies, or nutritional concerns.  It’s not just a, “‘hey he should get his crap together while he still can.” It’s a little more immediate than that I think .  CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT Item #2 Item 2 today is called “Dietary Interventions Are Beneficial for Patients with Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis”” by Field et. al. [2] published in Pain Medicine on November 17, 2020 and that’s a bit roasty.  Why They Did It The standard Western diet is high in processed hyperpalatable foods that displace nutrient-dense whole foods, leading to inflammation and oxidative stress. There is limited research on how these adverse metabolic drivers may be associated with maladaptive neuroplasticity seen in chronic pain and whether this could be attenuated by a targeted nutritional approach. The aim of this study was to review the evidence for whole-food dietary interventions in chronic pain management. How They Did It
  • A structured search of eight databases was performed up to December 2019.
  • A meta-analysis was performed in Review Manager.
  • Forty-three studies reporting on 48 chronic pain groups receiving a whole-food dietary intervention were identified
What They Found
  • A visual analog scale was the most commonly reported pain outcome measure, with 17 groups reporting a clinically objective improvement
  • Twenty-seven studies reported significant improvement on secondary metabolic measures.
  • Twenty-five groups were included in a meta-analysis that showed a significant finding for the effect of diet on pain reduction when grouped by diet type or chronic pain type.
Wrap It Up There is an overall positive effect of whole-food diets on pain, with no single diet standing out in effectiveness. This suggests that commonalities among approaches (e.g., diet quality, nutrient density, weight loss) may all be involved in modulating pain physiology   Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 
Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger   Bibliography 1. Harris KM, W.S., Gaskin DJ,, High and Rising Working-Age Mortality in the US: A Report From the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. JAMA, 2021. 2. Rowena Field, M.P., Fereshteh Pourkazemi, PhD, Jessica Turton, Kieron Rooney PhD,, Dietary Interventions Are Beneficial for Patients with Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Pain Med, 2020. 22(3): p. 694-714.

Breathing Through The Pain, Need For Rehab, & Forward Head Posture And Shoulder Pain

CF 164: Breathing Through The Pain, Need For Rehab, & Forward Head Posture And Shoulder Pain

Today we’re going to talk about the impact of chiropractic care on opioid use and then we’ll talk about garbage marketing in the chiropractic profession. I go off a bit. I can’t help it. They make me nuts. 

But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music.

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  If this episode has a different type of sound quality when compared to previous episodes, my main computer died. It choked a little and held it’s belly and rolled around in agony for about a month and then…..sadly, it straight up and died. 

So, I have another ordered and in the meantime, I’m figuring out how to do this through my MacBook Pro. Where there’s a will, there’s a way. We’ll make it happen.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #164 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about opioids and spinal pain and then we talked about vitalists’ scripts. That was about the point that I lost my mind momentarily. Because they make me crazy and all.  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

Wow, what a week I had last week, y’all. And I’m not talking in a good way. Oh hell no. This was one of those kick you in the face and in the backside. And when you’re falling to the ground, putting a boot in your ribs for good measure.  One word, two syllables. Day-um.  For patients that I’m comfortable with, it’s common for them to ask me how my day’s going and my go-to answer is usually something similar to, “Ah you know….pissing excellence. As usual. It becomes a habit after a while.” Yeah, not last week. I wasn’t the windshield. I was the bug. 

First thing’s first, on last Tuesday, my longest tenured employee and office manager turned in her resignation. Over 11 years, down the drain. She’s not just a staff member. She’s become my little buddy. She’s hilarious. She was also our marketing girl. Definitely a boot to the face. Pow.  But there are a lot of positives there as well. Being my longest employed staffer, she was also my highest paid so we will save a good chunk of money. We just need to make some adjustments on the marketing and things of that nature.  Then, on Wednesday, as mentioned previously, we joined the Wealthability program and we had a meeting with our new accountants they matched us with. They’re out in St. Louis. Well, they found that our previous CPA was wrong and now we have to pay a gob in taxes we weren’t expecting to pay. We can spread it out over an amount of time and it’s fixable but day-um…..

Come on man.

When you hire professionals, you expect a professional job that will prevent you from getting into trouble. Don’t you? That was a kick to the nether regions. Smack.  Then, later that afternoon, my main computer that has my entire life on it straight up died. Luckily, it had slowed a bit and I called my computer guy to come in and back it up so it can be replicated on another computer. Still, that computer won’t be here for 2 damn weeks.  Kick to the shin. Thunk. 

Then, two of my girls got the second vaccine shot and both got sicker than dogs. One missed work on Wednesday. Not that big of a deal. Just kind of sucked.  Then I got a visit from a connection that works in my Dad’s nursing home. She came to my house on Thursday night after work to tell me my Dad is being mistreated and is withering away.  Stomp to the noggin while I’m down. Snap.  There were some other little things here and there but you get the picture. Rough week. But we’re on the mend.

We’re heading the right direction this week I think. We have some good ideas and I think we are going to make some changes.  So, as a learning lesson, bad things can be used for an impetus to change course and go in a positive direction. For example, I’ve begun going down the path of fully integrating. I’m saving enough money with the departure of my manager that I can use that money toward integrating and hiring a nurse practitioner. 

This would fit my long term plan of being able to remove myself from my day to day practice. It’s a piece of the puzzle. The final piece of the puzzle would be hiring an associate. At that point, I believe my time begins to get freed up a bit.  Hopefully in five years, I’m mentoring my colleagues and teaching them how to accomplish what I’ve accomplished. I’m sharing wisdom with hungry evidence-based chiros and spreading the good news about evidence-based, patient-centered chiropractic care.  We’re going to get there.  In other news, last week wasn’t a total loss. You may have seen where the Texas Chiropractors, after a ten-year battle, put the smackdown on the Texas Medical Association. People’s elbow, Kabam!!

The biggest bully of bullies got slapped the hell around by the Texas Chiropractic Association and the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners at the Texas Supreme Court level.  Just briefly, the TMA had sued the TCA and the TBCE approximately 10 years ago over our right to perform the VONT testing. Also known as vestibulo-ocular nystagmus test. Then that morphed into attacking our rights to diagnose and our rights to treat the Neuromusculoskeletal system rather than just the musculoskeletal system. Seemingly silly little things but, if they had won, technically, we couldn’t treat anything having to do with ‘nerve’ and we couldn’t have diagnosed our own patients so we’d depend on referrals from medical professionals……and how do you think that would have turned out in the long run?

Not good for an chiropractor on the planet because other medical associations would have precedence and would have repeated the process. Those of us in leadership positions for the TCA have been well-aware for the last decade that if we lost this case, we would be the first domino and it would effect every other chiropractor.  We lost, then we lost the appeal, then the Texas Supreme Court gave us the win. And the Texas Medical Association, the most predatory state medical association in the United States, has to cover the court costs. Oh, and on top of that, they can suck it.  We are going to have an entire episode where I’ll be joined by my fellow TCA members. Folks that have been the deepest in the trenches on this case and know every in and out of the entire process.  It’s going to be a good one so keep a lookout for that one.  Alright, let’s get to the good stuff shall we?

Item #1

This first one is called, “Can Slow Deep Breathing Reduce Pain? An Experimental Study Exploring Mechanisms” by Jafari, et. al. (1) and published in the Journal Of Pain in September/October of 2020. It’s not a lot hot but hot enough!

Why They Did It

This study sought to investigate effects of instructed breathing patterns on experimental heat pain and to explore possible mechanisms of action

How They Did It

  • In a within-subject experimental design, 48 healthy volunteers performed 4 breathing patterns: 
      1. Unpaced breathing, 
      2. Paced breathing (PB) at the participant’s spontaneous breathing frequency, 
      3. Slow deep breathing at 6 breaths per minute with a high inspiration/expiration ratio (SDB-H), and 
      4. Slow deep breathing at 6 breaths per minute with a low inspiration/expiration ratio (SDB-L)
  • During presentation of each breathing pattern, participants received painful heat stimuli of 3 different temperatures and rated each stimulus on pain intensity
  • Respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure were recorded.

What They Found

Compared to unpaced breathing, participants reported less intense pain during each of the 3 instructed breathing patterns.

Wrap It Up

Slow deep breathing is more efficacious to attenuate pain when breathing is paced at a slow rhythm with an expiration that is long relative to inspiration, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Oh…..elucidated. That’s a $5 word for the research crew there. Congrats on elucidated, folks. 

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Item #2

This one is called, “Global estimates of the need for rehabilitation based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019” by Cieza, et. al.  (2) and published in The Lancet on December 19, 2020. Smokin’, sizzlin’, steamy pot of chili pie.  I have learned, by the way, that Frito Pies are not an American thing.  It’s just mostly a Texan thing. I have eaten Frito pies my whole damn life and didn’t figure this factoid out until just a few years ago. I play Call Of Duty here and there on xbox.

I know….I’m a nerd but I’m a killing’ nerd on occasion! I can kill real people in a fake way right there with the best of them when I want to. And I have my glasses on. And I haven’t had any more than a few beers. Lol.  Anyway, I play with a dude from Louisville, KY and he’d never heard of Frito pies. Holy cow people. There are some things you need to get tuned into if you’re not from Texas. They are as follows:

    • Frito Pie
    • Fried Okra
    • Fried squash. 

Yes, all are terrible for you so…..as a priest told me at the bar back when I went to college in Louisiana and was asking him how this whole ‘priest being in a bar’ worked out….he said, “Everything in moderation, Brother.” We should probably get back to the paper, Y’all. 

Why They Did It

Rehabilitation has often been seen as a disability-specific service needed by only few of the population. Despite its individual and societal benefits, rehabilitation has not been prioritized in countries and is under-resourced. We present global, regional, and country data for the number of people who would benefit from rehabilitation at least once during the course of their disabling illness or injury.

How They Did It

To estimate the need for rehabilitation, data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 were used to calculate the prevalence and years of life lived with disability of 25 diseases, impairments, etc. 

What They Found

  • Globally, in 2019, 2.41 billion individuals had conditions that would benefit from rehabilitation, contributing to 310 million years of life lived with disability
  • This number had increased by 63% from 1990 to 2019
  • The disease area that contributed most to prevalence was musculoskeletal disorders with low back pain being the most prevalent condition in 134 of the 204 countries analyzed.

Wrap It Up

The authors wrap up their thoughts with this, “To our knowledge, this is the first study to produce a global estimate of the need for rehabilitation services and to show that at least one in every three people in the world needs rehabilitation at some point in the course of their illness or injury. This number counters the common view of rehabilitation as a service required by only few people. We argue that rehabilitation needs to be brought close to communities as an integral part of primary health care to reach more people in need.”

I will add that the vitalists that think they can only adjust their way out of every damn condition or complaint need to get in the back of the line and just keep quiet. If you are going to be current rather than look like a dumb dumb, then you need to understand that a good, learned chiropractor knows that we do not only mobilize with adjustments, stretching, and things of that nature. But we also much know when to stabilize through strengthening activities.  If you’re just hitting the high spots on all of your patients, you need to be better and raise you game. Mr. Vitalist…..I’m talking to you. 

Item #3

The last one today is called, “Does forward head posture change subacromial space in active or passive arm elevation?” By Dehqan, et. al. (3) and published in the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy on November 30, of 2020 and that’s about the right amount of hot Why They Did It Forward head posture (FHP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that appears to affect the shoulder joint through the shared muscles between the head and neck area and the shoulder girdle. The present study compared the acromiohumeral distance between individuals with normal head and neck alignment and those with moderate and severe FHP in active and passive arm elevation.

How They Did It

  • Based on the craniovertebral angle, 60 volunteers were selected and equally distributed among three groups, including group one with normal head and neck alignment, group two with moderate FHP and group three with severe FHP
  • The space between the humeral head and the acromion was measured in 10°, 45° and 60° of active and passive arm elevation as the acromiohumeral distance.

What They Found

  • The acromiohumeral distance was only different between the three groups at 45° arm elevation angle, and this difference was significant between groups one and three
  • In active and passive arm elevation, increased arm elevation angle reduced the subacromial space significantly
  • Also, in each arm elevation angle, the subacromial space differed significantly between the active and passive arm elevations.

Wrap It Up

They concluded, “The acromiohumeral distance was significantly lower in the severe FHP group than the group with normal head and neck alignment in the 45° active arm elevation angle, which could be due to the changed tension in tissues between active and passive arm elevation and also the maximum muscle activity in the 45° active arm elevation angle.”

Shoulder impingement folks.

I didn’t know anything about it until I went through he DACO program. Which is now the Neuromusculoskeletal Diplomate. It’s a real estate issue and when you have an upper cross type setup, forward head posture, you decrease the real estate.  Increase the real estate, decrease the issue in this sort of a setup.  Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website

Home

Social Media Links

https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP

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TuneIn

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

  1. Hassan Jafari, Ali Gholamrezaei, Mathijs Franssen, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Qasim Aziz, Omer Van den Bergh, Johan W.S. Vlaeyen, Ilse Van Diest, Can Slow Deep Breathing Reduce Pain? An Experimental Study Exploring Mechanisms, The Journal of Pain, Volume 21, Issues 9–10, 2020, 1018-1030
  2. Cieza A, Causey K, Kamenov K, Hanson SW, Chatterji S, Vox T, Global estimates of the need for rehabilitation based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. 396 (10267), P2006-2017, December 19, 2020.
  3. Behdokht Dehqan, Cyrus Taghizadeh Delkhoush, Majid Mirmohammadkhani & Fatemeh Ehsani (2020) Does forward head posture change subacromial space in active or passive arm elevation?, Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, DOI: 10.1080/10669817.2020.1854010

 

Three Year Anniversary Top Ten Countdown

CF 156: Three Year Anniversary Top Ten Countdown

It’s our THREE YEAR ANNIVERSARY episode!!! We’re going to cover our All-time Top Ten episodes spanning over our first three years on the air.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #156 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about the crazy and very suspicious shake-up with the research committee earlier this year at the World Federation of Chiropractic. Make sure you don’t miss that info. I believe it is vital for you as an evidence-based, patient-centered practitioner. Listen to it anyway because it’s important to keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

Well, no hate mail from last week’s episode or from the week before that when we highlighted a vitalist bragging about seeing 99 patients and 9 new patients in the span of 3 hours. Dammit, my eyes just about rolled out of my head yet again. It’s like every time I say that I gotta keep an eye on my eyes so I can keep them in my noggin. And, I have to step back a bit to keep from throwing up.  Not getting hate mail is a good thing.

Of course, there’s the very solid chance I’m simply speaking to an echo chamber here, and honestly, that’s OK too. I’d much rather be able to build this among my brethren without being molested by the ones that don’t agree with me.  The more like-minded folks we have listening, the better. The best thing I can say is to tell someone about us. I’m serious. I appreciate every single listen. But if all you do is listen and consume a free product, that’s not helpful in growing it and putting back into the thing you find value in. 

So, please. Tell someone about this podcast and the messages we convey every single week. Let’s build this message. Like I said in last week’s episode, this profession is in a battle. Not just between vitalists and evidence-based chiropractors but in a battle for integration, progress, and overall respect.  A battle for professional standardization. a battle over our research community. As I said last week, the ICA won the battle with the WFC research committee. They know there’s a battle. Now it’s time for evidence-based chiropractors to realize that fact and proceed accordingly. Yes, go read your research papers but then go and defend the evidence-based, patient-centered practice. Advocate for it.  Outside of that mess, things have been slower at the office. With this second spike, we’ve taken a step back. And it’s making my butt pucker a bit. I hate taking steps back. I like only progress. Only movement forward.

I’m seeing the number that I saw 5 or 6 years ago or more. Probably more. We are paying the bills but we’re not profiting right now. We’re just surviving. It can’t be over soon enough.  So that I don’t sound too spoiled; I understand I have it better than a lot of folks. Bar owners, full-time musicians, bartenders, servers, restaurant owners. That’s just for starters. I don’t know how these people survive without forgiveness plans and things like that. It’s insane where we are but I’d rather be sitting here in December than back in March, April, or May.  That’s for damn sure. As of the typing of this episode, the first vaccines are projected to be taken by Americans in about 5 days. Bring it on!! Let’s start getting life back to normal and then sit back and watch the comeback!

Before we get to our Top Ten list and before we get to our sponsor spot, I have to tell you, I’m about to give you a code for discounts on ChiroUp. People sometimes think ChiroUp is one thing or another but in all honestly, it’s a little too much to describe in one spot. It does A LOT!! It helps you implement rehab confidently. It writes reports to those in the medical community. It teaches you what exam protocols are appropriate for regions of the body. It teaches you how you should treat certain diagnoses. It does your report of findings for you. It gets you Google reviews. It tracks your patients’ progress after 30 days so you know how good you’re doing with your patients. It sends emails to your new patients full of recommendations, patient education, and videos of the exercises you recommended for them. It gives you marketing plans for different aspects of healthcare. And it does a hell of a lot more than that.  I could go into every single one of these topics and speak on each of them for half an hour but you’ll just have to trust me here. It is worth so much more than what ChiroUp charges. So, here’s the spot, take my code, use it, and then get better and love your life. You can thank Ol’ Uncle Jeffro later. 

CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT

Just do it, folks. It’s worth every penny and much much more. It’s literally changed my practice from top to bottom for the better. There’s not another product out there I can say that about. 

Now, let’s get to our all-time 3rd anniversary top ten most listened to episodes, shall we? If you go to the show notes at chiropracticforward.com, find this episode….#156….and you scroll down through the transcription of the episode, you will find the links to each of these episodes so you don’t have to scroll through and find them on your own.

Number Ten Coming in at Number 10: Our 10th most listened to episode was episode #137. We had a special guest for that episode. Dr. Aric Frisina-Deyo and we talked about chiropractors treating in an FQHC setting and we talked about setting the bar high. Higher than chiropractors typically set the bar for themselves or their profession. This guest….wow. Young, bright, driven, and very very impressive. There’s absolutely a good reason that one had so many listeners.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/2761-2/

Number Nine It’s nice to see this one still in the Top Ten after so much time has gone by. It’s called What’s Good In A Chiropractor. It was way way back in Episode 101. Keep in mind here that we’re now on #156. This episode is more than a year old now so it’s good to see that the principles I covered in this episode are still resonating with our listeners. In this episode I discussed some key characteristics I feel make up a good chiropractor. We talked about things like honesty, being evidence-based, networking, listening, your office presentation, and things of that nature. It’s excellent to see this stuff staying relevant and meaningful.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/what-makes-a-good-chiropractor-9-characteristics/

Number Eight Number eight is called Kids Still Hurt, Manipulation For Lumbar Radiculopathy, & Lack of Attention On The Boards for Biopsychosocial Matters. Our listeners gobbled this one up. I think because we need current thinking and information on things like adjusting in the region where we know there’s radiculopathy. We need to understand that just because a person is a kid doesn’t mean they don’t hurt. This episode covered that very well, in fact. And the biopsychosocial aspect of pain has been a big big topic over the last couple of years. I think people are struggling to learn more and more about it and how it can help their patients.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/cf-145-kids-still-hurt-manipulation-for-lumbar-radiculopathy-lack-of-attention-on-the-boards-for-biopsychosocial-matters/

Number Seven Our 7th most listened to episode was a more recent one with one of my very favorites, Dr. Katie Pohlman who will be on again in the very near future. And will hopefully be on our podcast about a hundred times beyond that. Hell, maybe she’ll just be my co-host eventually. Lol. Anyway, this episode was number 147 and was called New Research, Upcoming Research, And the Need For It All. Dr. Pohlman is the head of research at Parker University and you’re starting to see her name anywhere and everywhere with regard to chiropractic research. She is a star and I’m happy that Parker has hitched their wagon to her shooting star. This episode was full of thoughts on chiropractic research, what she’s currently working on, and where it’s all going.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/w-dr-katie-pohlman-new-research-upcoming-research-and-the-need-for-it-all/

Number Six Our sixth most listened to episode was episode number 113 with my friend, Dr. William Lawson. This one was called Brand New Guidelines On Neck Pain Treatment. Dr. Lawson had a hand in the new paper we discussed and it was basically an entire episode walking you through new guidelines on treating neck pain. It’s one of my favorite episodes because it laid out very clearly what we should be doing, what we should be thinking, and how we should be approaching case management for neck pain. Very informative and Dr. Lawson is always on the top of his game. https://www.chiropracticforward.com/w-dr-william-larson-brand-new-guidelines-on-neck-pain-treatment/

Number Five Our 5th most listened to episode of all time is number 140 with Dr. Chris Howson. It was called Chiropractors In Hospitals and Drop Release. Not only does Dr. Howson work in an outpatient hospital setting in North Dakota, but Dr. Howson is also the inventor of a newer chiropractic tool on the market called the Drop Release. Pretty cool stuff and Dr. Howson knows his stuff, folks. If you want to know how to integrate into a hospital setting and want to know what it’s like, this is the episode for you. Plus we talk a bit about the drop release, what it’s for, and all the goodies. Plus a discount code you can use if interested.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/cf-140-w-dr-chris-howson-chiropractors-in-hospitals-drop-release/

Number Four Our 4th most listened to episode is number 144 and is called Common Surgeries Aren’t Well-Researched & Chiropractic Wins Again.  This one was a stroll through a current paper that really spotlighted the fact that the most common musculoskeletal surgeries that we see being performed today don’t have much research behind them. Especially research that tested having the surgery vs. not having it at all. You’d think that research would have been done but sadly it hasn’t in almost every case. In fact, they looked at 6,735 studies and only 64….less than 1% of them….only 64 compared a surgical intervention to not having surgery at all. And, get this, of that 64 that actually did compare the two, only 9 of them were actually favorable to having the surgery. Go to episode 144 for more on that. It’s astonishing to me.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/common-surgeries-arent-well-researched-chiropractic-wins-again/

Number Three Alright, we’re in the top three now. Our 3rd most listened to episode of all time is number 143 and is called Spinal Manipulation Has No Effect On Chronic Pain – Our Experts’ Rebuttal. This one dealt with a paper that came out recently in JAMA and it was not favorable at all to chiropractors or spinal manipulative therapy. This episode went through our own experts thoughts on the paper and how you can rebut any mention you might get from this down the road as you navigate your relationships within the medical community. Very interesting and extremely useful episode right here. This one can actually help protect your bottom line in the right situation.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/new-paper-spinal-manipulation-has-no-effect-on-chronic-pain-our-experts-rebuttal/

Number Two Number 2 on our top ten list is episode number 142 and is called Nonoperative Disc Treatment, D3 for Depression, and The Biopsychosocial Part Of Chronic Pain. This one really spoke to chiropractors because it was loaded with research. Of course, most of our episodes are loaded with research but this one had a paper about treating discs without operation. Well, who the heck doesn’t want to do that? It was very comprehensive and showed how 97% of 269,713 patients were treated without surgery. Good good stuff. Things look worse and worse for musculoskeletal surgery these days honestly. And, again, this paper covered the biopsychosocial aspect of pain and that’s a popular topic these days. Something for everyone in this episode! https://www.chiropracticforward.com/nonoperative-disc-treatment-d3-for-depression-the-biopsychosocial-part-of-chronic-pain/

Number One And our number one most listened to episode of all time for our 3rd Anniversary is one that actually surprised me. It’s episode number 141 and is called Lancet Low Back Update & Movement Disorders Mean Pain. Now why this one got all of the listens? I have no idea. The Lancet is well-respected and should absolutely be paid attention to. I’m glad it’s getting all of the listens, to be honest. It was basically an update on the original Lancet series on low back pain that we covered way back when. It’s top-level research having relevance to our chiropractic community and I’m glad to see so many of you appreciating it and paying close attention to it. It’s important. It’s not the sexiest topic we cover so that’s why I found it a bit surprising but it’s a great episode to catch the number one spot for sure. Very deserving.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/lancet-low-back-update-movement-disorders-mean-pain/

An episode or series of episodes that fell off of the top ten list just this year is still important and one worth giving honorable mention to. Episodes 13, 14, and 15 are called Debunked, The Odd Myth That Chiropractors Cause Strokes.  If you don’t know the research on this topic, please, for the love of everything, go listen to those three episodes starting with 13. It’s knowledge fuel and it’ll give you more confidence if you happen to lack it.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/debunked-the-odd-myth-that-chiropractors-cause-strokes/

Alright, that’s it. We made it through all ten of the most listened to episodes in the three-year history of The Chiropractic Forward podcast. I want to truly thank you all from the bottom of my heart for listening and being a part of this little part of the world. For being a part of this podcast. When I’m sitting down to type out an episode, you are who I have in mind. I try to identify things I’m interested in but I also try to identify tough conversations that are not being had that desperately need to be talked through. 

We aren’t as big and as widely listened to as I’d like to be but we are growing steadily. If I can get you all on my team and talking about it and sharing episodes with your buddies and interacting in the private group, this thing can begin turning into even more of what I envisioned when I first started it.  With your help, we can get the message out on evidence-based, patient-centered practice.  Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

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About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Vegans & Broken Bones, Daily Step Count, Medical Cannabis

CF 155: Vegans & Broken Bones, Daily Step Count, Medical Cannabis

Today we’re going to talk about new research for vegans and the risk of broken bones, we’ll cover new information pertaining to a patient’s daily step count, and we’ll talk about a study on medical cannabis and it’s effectiveness in treating chronic pain. Good stuff today, folks.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #155 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about the shake up with the World Federation of Chiropractic and all of the goings on that went on with that. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

As of the typing of this, it is the Monday following Thanksgiving. I hope you all had a good one. I have a nice back patio, outdoor kitchen area with a fireplace and quite a bit of room to move around.  I have my mom and my stepdad over as well as my brother and his wife. With the four of my regular crew, that made 8 of us. Nobody went inside. We all just gathered outside on the patio and ate outside. It was great. It was safe. And we still got to have Thanksgiving. 

We had two separate tables. One for my crew and one for the other four. We had my crew at one table because I work with 140 or so appointments per week, my son goes to a high infection rate college, and my daughter goes to junior high with over 1,000 kids every day. So, my crew was the wildcard in that crowd. So we sat separated just a bit to be sure we were protecting the others from any asymptomatic hoo ha.  It seemed to work very well. Again, I hope you all did well and stayed safe and happy and healthy.

It was different for sure, right? Definitely one to remember. No doubt.

Think of all of the things we took for granted before this mess. I know many of you have but I haven’t taken a trip or vacation or anything since February when we went to Key Largo.  I’m used to going on little vacays about once per quarter just to preserve my sanity. I think that’s important. Getting out of the office and getting some sea air or some mountain air in your face.

But we haven’t been able to do any of that in the last 9 to 10 months and I’m missing it. I’m a traveler.  This has really taught us what we do and what we do not have control over. We do not have control over nature from what I can tell. Certainly not this virus. At least not yet we don’t.  This second spike has been severe where I live. Over 1,000 new cases in one day on the last count, over 750 FEMA staffers here helping our healthcare system keep up with the hospitalized patients. I haven’t seen this week’s numbers yet but we lost 24 residents to COVID in just two days last week. 24 deaths in two days. That was unheard of just a couple of months ago. I have lost a couple of patients to it.

Fortunately, I haven’t lost any friends as of yet. I hope your friends are all staying safe and weathering the storm the same.  PRactice is just there. Nothing special going on right now. We are running a radio spot for this holiday season but I’m not sure how smart that is. Luckily, they gave us a killer deal on the run so we couldn’t resist. They made us a deal we couldn’t refuse. I’m not sure all of the ads in the world will get everyone out of the mental and financial funk any time in the next several months.  But I’ll report back. If it works, I’ll share what we did so you can do the same.

On the other hand, if you’re doing something that is working for your clinic and getting people back in the numbers you want to see, send me an email at [email protected] and let us know so we can let others know and help everyone out with getting their numbers back closer to normal. 

Item #1

Let’s start with one called “Medical Cannabis for the Management of Pain and Quality of Life in Chronic Pain Patients: A Prospective Observational Study” by Safakish, et. al. (Safakish R 2020) published in Pain Medicine in November of 2020. And it sizzles and steams as it sits.  

Why They Did It

To evaluate the short-term and long-term effects of plant-based medical cannabis in a chronic pain population over the course of one year.

How They Did It

  • 751 chronic pain patients initiating medical cannabis treatment.
  • A longitudinal, prospective, 12-month observational study.
  • Study participants completed the Brief Pain Inventory and the 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12), as well as surveys on opioid medication use and adverse events, at baseline and once a month for 12 months.

What They Found

  • Medical cannabis treatment was associated with improvements in pain severity and interference (P < 0.001) observed at one month and maintained over the 12-month observation period.
  • Significant improvements were also observed in the SF-12 physical and mental health domains (P < 0.002) starting at three months.
  • Significant decreases in headaches, fatigue, anxiety, and nausea were observed after initiation of treatment
  • In patients who reported opioid medication use at baseline, there were significant reductions in oral morphine equivalent doses (P < 0.0001), while correlates of pain were significantly improved by the end of the study observation period.

Wrap It Up

Taken together, the findings of this study add to the cumulative evidence in support of plant-based medical cannabis as a safe and effective treatment option and potential opioid medication substitute or augmentation therapy for the management of symptoms and quality of life in chronic pain patients. Alright, I’ll be upfront; I don’t like marijuana. I know some of you love the sweet sweet weed. I’ll never understand it. Trust me, I’ve been around it so many times I can’t count. I’m a former traveling muscian. For 10 years I traveled the circuit so you can only imagine.  I’ve been against its legalization from Day 1.

I’ve seen it turn famiily members into lazy, unmotivated bums. I hate it. I hate the smell. I hate what it does to people and I hate the culture surrounding it.  But, I can’t argue with research and this says it helps. I’ve seen other reports that it works. Regardless, I’m for pill form, chewables, or gels. I will never before inhaling it. There is no amount of evidence on the planet that will make me think it’s OK to take smoke into your lungs. Especially when there are other options for it’s utilization.  So, this is encouraging.

I hope its medical use becomes more widespread and more common because it sure as hell looks like it works for chronic pain and, at the end of the day, that’s what we’re here for. 

CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT

Item #2 This second one is called, “Association of Daily Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults” by Saint-Maurice et. al. (Saint-Maurice P 2020) and published in JAMA in March of 2020. Dammit it’s hot enough. 

Why They Did It

Describe the dose-response relationship between step count and intensity and mortality.

How They Did It

  • Representative sample of US adults aged at least 40 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who wore an accelerometer for up to 7 days ( from 2003-2006). 
  • Mortality was ascertained through December 2015.
  • Accelerometer-measured number of steps per day and 3 step intensity measures 
  • Accelerometer data were based on measurements obtained during a 7-day period at baseline.
  • They adjusted for for age; sex; race/ethnicity; education; diet; smoking status; body mass index; self-reported health; mobility limitations; and diagnoses of diabetes, stroke, heart disease, heart failure, cancer, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.

Wrap It Up

Based on a representative sample of US adults, a greater number of daily steps was significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality. There was no significant association between step intensity and mortality after adjusting for total steps per day. I personally found it interesting that they found no big association between step intensity and mortality. Very interesting. So, let’s make sure we’re all moving. No matter the age. 

Item #3

This one is an article by Rupert Steiner(Steiner R 2020) called “Vegans and non–meat eaters are more likely to suffer broken bones, Oxford University research show” and it was published in Market Watch on November 24, 2020 and it’s it’s hotter than the burning sun!

  • We just hit the highlights for the articles so here we go:
  • They start right off getting into the meat and taters by saying, “Non–meat eaters, especially vegans, are at higher risk of breaking their bones due to lower intakes of calcium and protein, according to new research by the University of Oxford published on Monday
  • The EPIC-Oxford study, which involved almost 55,000 British people, concluded: “Non–meat eaters, especially vegans, had higher risks of either total or some site-specific fractures, particularly hip fractures
  • Participants were categorized into four diet groups composed of 29,380 meat eaters, 8,037 fish eaters, 15,499 vegetarians and 1,982 vegans.
  • The results showed over an average of 17.6 years of follow-up, researchers observed 3,941 cases of total fractures.

Food for thought and the damn pun was absolutely intended. Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger    

Bibliography

  • Safakish R, K. G., Salimpour V, Hendin B, Shoanpal I, (2020). “Medical Cannabis for the Management of Pain and Quality of Life in Chronic Pain Patients: A Prospective Observational Study.” Pain Med 21(11): 3073-3086.
  • Saint-Maurice P, T. R., Bassett D, (2020). “Association of Daily Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults.” JAMA 323(12): 1151-1160.
  • Steiner R (2020). “Vegans and non–meat eaters are more likely to suffer broken bones, Oxford University research show.” MarketWatch.

 

Chiropractic Integration Into A Medical Setting

CF 151: Chiropractic Integration Into A Medical Setting Today we’re going to talk about chiropractic integration into a medical setting But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research.

We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. No spam, just a reminder when the newest episodes go live. Nothing special so don’t worry about signing up. Just one a week friends. Check your JUNK folder!!

Do it do it do it. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #151 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about the fate of a big pharma company and we talked about the outdated use of MRI diagnosis of cervical dysfunction. That’s not necessarily the way to do it anymore in 2020. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  While we’re on the topic of being smart, did you know that you can use our website as a resource? Quick and easy, you can go to chiropracticforward.com, click on Episodes, and use the search function

On the personal end of things…..

Well….how’s your week? Mine? It’s just eh… If you listened to a couple of weeks ago, I had a big week with some good numbers that looked like we were getting back to pre-COVID numbers. I was sniffing that level once again. Then, a three-day snow and ice storm decided that things were going a little bit too smoothly around here and shut us down for basically Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of last week. 

As a result, we went from 172 visits the week prior down to last week only seeing 71. So….roughly 100 visits just pissed off last week. Which left me pissed off. It’s been a mess this year and I’m no different than most. For that reason, I’m not going to sit here and gripe about it. We’re back in the ’70s this week so here’s to trying to reclaim those lost appointments and keeping our patients on track to getting better. 

Where we started the great week with 50+ patients on a Monday, this Monday we’re starting out the week with 26. Blah. But 4 new patients so, let’s hang our hats on the good stuff, shall we? And yes, we shall. 

This has absolutely been the year of making lemonade out of lemons. If you’re not strong mentally, this year is a bruiser, man. And let’s be honest, I’ve had ups and downs. I’m still having them. 

Hell, this week, as in many places, now that it’s time to rebuild after three lost days to weather, now the second COVID spike is in full swing. Yep, a bad day around here used to be 70 new cases. It was that way for 6 months or more. Now, in the last 2 weeks, we’re looking at averaging 240 or more cases per day. The hospitals are full and they’re bringing help in from out of town. I could let that work my head over but I won’t. Or…..at least I’ll try not to let it work me over. 

Have you ever watched The Secret? I sort of recommend it if you can absorb things in the right context. OR, I can just summarize it for you. Basically, it’s all about having a vision so strong that you basically will something to happen. If you believe it enough, the world will bend itself to make it happen for you. For example, from the movie, if you believe that there will always be a close parking spot available for you when you go shopping at different places, then you will indeed find close and wide-open parking spots. 

Or, if you really want a Ferrari, and you dream about it, feel yourself sitting in the seat, and feel the rev of the engine while you grip the steering wheel, etc….well, then surely, eventually you will indeed have yourself a Ferrari. Lol. 

Well, if you listen to this podcast enough, then you know damned well that I don’t buy into that kind of garbage. But there is a message in it that I do like and support. That message is that our lives are built on and based on our ability to be positive or negative basically.

I have an example from today for you. On the way to work this morning, not 2 blocks from my house, I almost got into 3 car wrecks within a time span of about 2 minutes. Seriously. At one point I had to stand on my brakes and throw everything into the floorboards. This while I was simultaneously yelling and hollering at this fool stopped in front of me. 

I could go into particulars on how it happened but that wouldn’t matter. What matters is that at that point in my day, I made a conscious decision. Was I going to let that ruin my day or was I going to see it for what it was and move on from it?

In The Secret, they say that our mentality from day to day affects our relationships with others. From our business interactions to our personal and family interactions. And it’s true. If you extrapolate that further, our mentality will either draw people TO us or push them AWAY from us. 

So, if I let that close encounter affect my mood from there on throughout the day, potentially, whether I was conscious of it or not, it could have affected my interactions with patients, staff, and then later at home. 

Alternatively, if I kick it out of my head and try to have a positive take on it….I didn’t get in a wreck after all!!! It could have been worse, right? 

That was my decision and I decided that it was over and I’m going to forget about it, not dwell on it, not be mad about it, and just move forward. 

On a larger scale, while I talk and share a lot about my business’s progress post-COVID here, for the most part, I’ve tried to adopt the ‘can do’ attitude. My generation Gen X is known for it. It is what it is. Let’s put on a smile, strap up our belts, and put one foot in front of the other. 

And that’s what’s making it happen here. We’re like Rocky in Rocky III. Clubber COVID Lang keeps slapping me around and punching me in the nose and when it’s not Clubber, it’s Thunder Lips throwing me out of the ring. Lol. Sometimes it’s like you just can’t win. And if you dwell on that crap, well, you know what happens. It affects everything you do and all of your connections. 

So, if Clubber Lang and Thunder Lips keep kicking your ass every week, put a smile on, stay doggedly determined, and come out swinging. All of this crap has a time limit. It will end eventually. Make sure you’re on top of the heap when it does.  Everyone loves an underdog. 

Item #1 First one of the day is called “Implementation of musculoskeletal specialists in the emergency department at a level A1 VA hospital during the SARS-Cov-2 pandemic” by Schielke et. al(Schielke A 2020). and published in The American Journal of Emergency Medicine on October 8, 2020,

Schiza….piping hot pile of poblanos!!

https://www.ajemjournal.com/article/S0735-6757(20)30894-9/fulltext?fbclid=IwAR1MFEaKmyTj990CjD3URlQP7Tnu45OSqsySUyQ7WZKmgcwxDP3RAnBSBQw

It’s not a research paper as much as an article so let’s get going with the highspots. 

  • They mention how the Rona depleted ER resources about the same time that pain management was deemed to be non-essential
  • They say that low back pain presenting in the ER has become more and more common and less traditional providers may be better suited to manage musculoskeletal pain. 
  • Bolstering the idea of alternative providers being involved, are the more current guidelines recommending nonpharmacologic treatment for low back pain. At least initially. 
  • Early conservative management for ED LBP has been associated with reduced pain and disability even when compared to patients with conservative outpatient physical therapy referrals
  • Multiple studies point out integrated ED MSK-specialist (MSK-S) reduced length of stay, imaging utilization, and opioid administration rates, and improved overall ED metrics when compared to patients seen by typical ED providers
  • Additionally, a 2018 systematic review and meta-analysis supports nonpharmacologic interventions for reduction of overall ED utilization and length of stay, and are effective in reducing pain in the ED with the potential to improve patient satisfaction, outcomes, and quality of life
  • VA Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS) 2019 proprietary data revealed approximately 60% of cases presenting to the ED were urgent/emergent MSK complaints, primarily LBP
  • As the health department postponed non-essential healthcare due to COVID, the plan to integrate non-traditional providers was amped up and happened on March 30, 2020, lasting through June 8th. 
  • Designated MSK-S care was provided during peak hours by chiropractic and physical therapy departments.
  • A “hub-and-spoke” arrangement was developed and per protocol, initial ED triage assessed for any serious spinal pathology, and a medical symptom evaluation was performed (“hub”). If diagnosed as MSK LBP, MSK-S referral was made with direct same-day hand-off (“spoke”).
  • Incorporation of MSK-S was shown, anecdotally, to be effective in treating acute MSK complaints as providers and patients were both able to benefit from the conservative options available in the ED
  • From the ED administration viewpoint, a liaison between ED and other sub-specialties utilizing a hub-and-spoke paradigm shift allows for the delivery of more efficient healthcare. With the positive feedback from the administration, ED providers, staff, and patients, integrated MSK-S clinics continue to develop within that VA system.
  • A 2018 review article by Kim et al. called for the use of an MSK-S in the ED and also provided clinical implementation guidance for any healthcare systems looking to adopt a similar practice.

Wow!! That’s pretty cool. Do you know what I did with this? I sent it to my friends in the medical field. Why not? The worst saying in the history of man is “We’ve just always done it that way.” What if there’s a better way? Of course, we know there is. The trick is in getting them to know there is. 

Item #2 Our last one today is called “Integration of Doctors of Chiropractic Into Private Sector Health Care Facilities in the United States: A Descriptive Survey” by Salsbury, et. al`. and published in the Journal of Manipulative Physiological Therapeutics in February of 2018. Not new but pairs well with our first item. 

Why They Did It The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, facility, and practice characteristics of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) working in private sector health care settings in the United States.

How They Did It

  • They conducted an online, cross-sectional survey using a purposive sample of DCs working in integrated health care facilities. 
  • The 36-item survey collected demographic, facility, chiropractic, and interdisciplinary practice characteristics, which were analyzed with descriptive statistics.

What They Found

  • The response rate was 76%
  • Doctors of chiropractic reported working in hospitals (40%)
  • multispecialty offices (21%),
  • ambulatory clinics (16%)
  • or other (21%) health care settings
  • Most (68%) were employees and received a salary
  • More than 60% reported co-management of patients with medical professionals.
  • Integrated DCs most often received and made referrals to primary care, physical medicine, pain medicine, orthopedics, and physical or occupational therapy
  • Although in many facilities the DCs were exclusive providers of spinal manipulation (43%), in most, manipulative therapies also were delivered by physical therapists and osteopathic or medical physicians.

Wrap It Up

Doctors of chiropractic are working in diverse medical settings within the private sector, in close proximity and collaboration with many provider types, suggesting a diverse role for chiropractors within conventional health care facilities. Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourself and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.       

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.22-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

  • Schielke A, B. A., Walsh R, Rajagopal P, (2020). “Implementation of musculoskeletal specialists in the emergency department at a level A1 VA Hospital during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.” American J Emerg Med.

Preventable Disease And the Impact & Whole Body Vibration For Function and Bone Density

CF 149: Preventable Disease And the Impact & Whole Body Vibration For Function and Bone Density Today we’re going to talk about the costs of preventable disease and then we’ll talk about whole body vibration for function and bone mineral density in postmenopausal, osteoporotic women.   But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music
Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. No spam, just a reminder when the newest episodes go live. Nothing special so don’t worry about signing up. Just one a week friends. Check your JUNK folder!!
Do it do it do it.  You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #149 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about manipulation for concussion, sleep and cognitive decline, and we talked aobut demential predictors and prevention. Super interesting stuff. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  While we’re on the topic of being smart, did you know that you can use our website as a resource? Quick and easy, you can go to chiropracticforward.com, click on Episodes, and use the search function On the personal end of things….. We were busier last week. If you’ve listened for very long, I’ve tried to be open and honest about my numbers each week so that listeners will know where they stand. They’re either doing better or they’re doing about the same. Some will be doing worse. Either way, maybe I can be a measuring stick of some sort.  The best I have done since COVID reared it’s stupid face is 145 visits in one week. That’s down from an average of 182 per week in 2019. So, that’s quite a difference. I keep immacualte stats so I know that in 2020, I have averaged 117 per week but that includes when we were closed and then when we were emergency only.  Since we finally got up and running full steam back in May, I have averaged 136 per week. That puts me at about 75% of my pre-COVID point. So, I just need to average about 46 more visits per week to get back to 100%. No big deal right? Lol. That’s a solid jump but I’m a do-er and I have positive energy and a healthy amount of confidence.  And, we got a good start last week. Last week for the first time, I beat the 145 mark that I had been limited to and saw 158. Just in time for the Rona to start surging back and freaking people out again. Lol. Such is my luck. We shall keep trudging, keep being smart, and keep doing what we can to stay healthy.  If it all works out, we should be back to 100% by the end of the year. That’s my goal at least. As I type this out, we have 48 on the books today which is about 10-12 more than we’ve been seeing on Mondays. So things are looking up.  Be safe folks, we’re not out of the crap yet. In fact, as of the time I’m typing this, it’s worse than it has been for a while. Just keep being safe, keep working, and do what you can to take care or yourself and those around you.  Item #1 The first one we’re going to talk about today is called, “The cost of preventable disease in the USA” by Galea, et. al(Galea S 2020). published in The Lancet on October 1, 2020. Aye chiuaua. es too mucho caliente.  https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30204-8/fulltext?fbclid=IwAR3VMx1p1cZZTdT9o3_b6GkgSzfbImiOPPKLJFElqMKaHN5Vi-3OpkqwDTg This is more article and discussion so as usual when we cover stuff like this, we’ll just hit the high points and summarize it for you.  They start by stating that a substantial proportion of poor health in populations is preventable and cite the Global Burden of Diseases, INjuries, and Risk FActors Study that suggests nearly half of all health burdern in the US is attributable to a list of 84 modifiable risk factors.  They say that globally, up to half of all deaths fall into the category of preventable deaths. They estimate that more than 1/4 of health-care spending was due to these preventable illnesses. Not only that but the US heatlhcare spending is notoriously expensive spending 16.9% of its GDP on healthcare which is TWICE as much as the average of other similar countries.  In fact, our spending is mroe than the 2019 GDP of 171 coutnries in the world. All but the 19 wealthiest.  They ask a wonderful question, “Why do we continue to accept such a high burden of preventable disease, even when the cost of it is known?” Great question. Especially when you’re looking at it from a chiropractor’s point of view. Fusion surgeries run around $50,000 each, are basically useless, and put the patient at signficant risk of additional, expensive surgery. Epidural injections are useless as well. We have plenty of studies showing how we save money and cost much less than traditional medical care for back pain. We have surveys and research showing that our patient outcomes and satisfaction are superior to PT and general practitoners. We have the American College of Physicians, The Joint Commission, and The Lancet recommending spinal manipulation and exercise as first-line treatments. Yet, we are not inundated with referrals for chronic and acute low back pain.  We should be absolutely flooded with referrals. We should be emptying out lobbies of furniture so we have more room in the corner to put a new referral. But nope. Hell no. My opinion is because we have vitalist chiropractors trying to convince patients they have to see them every week for the rest of ever…..as long as ye shall live….forever and ever amen. Taking x-rays and convincing them they’re going to die if they don’t fix that decreased curvature. Telling patients they’re going to pop their back and fix their gall bladder issue.  THAT’S why we can’t have nice things. You have these evidence-based, patient-centered chiropractors over here going, “What they hell? We can help these people so much!” But we’ll never get the chance because vitalists don’t know how to stay in their lane. To be fair, they were taught their lane was much larger than research suggests it is. We do what we’re taught. The difference is, some of us are better at smelling BS than others.  Too many chiropractors have a stopped up nose and can’t seem to smell very well. Which is unfortunate.  Back to the article, they say, “The high burden and cost of preventable disease should push us to think differently about health at a foundational level.” And to that I say, “Indeed, Sir.” They also say that we should embrace the notion that no amoutn of preventable death or illness is acceptable and that about $730 billion could be repurposed. Like to pay our debt…..just a suggestion.  They conclude by saying, “high body-mass index, high systolic blood pressure, high fasting plasma glucose, dietary risks, and tobacco smoke exposure account for most of the spending on preventable illness.  Preventing these risk factors would require an engagement with subsidising the availability of nutritious foods, disincentivising the commercial production of harmful products, investing in early childhood education that leads to healthy exercise and dietary habits, and creating cities that encourage healthy behaviours.” For example, why does healthy food cost more than garbage food? That’s exactly reverse of what it should be. If we really care about lower socioeconomic folks and you want to fight for universal healthcare and things of that sort, wouldn’t it make sense to protest stuff like that? Why aren’t we seeing picket lines outside of Tyson food factories or in front of grocery stores. They could be carrying signs that say, “Stop keeping our poor fat” or “make healthy affordable” or stuff like that. I’ll keep watching the TV. I’m not holding my breath though. Making healthy food affordable isn’t quite as sexy as all of the other reasons people are finding to stay outraged these days.  Don’t get me wrong, I’m not making light of peaceful and respectful protest. That’s what Amercia is built on. I’m less understanding of the destruction, riots, and death that have come with so many of the more recent activities.  Anyway, it’s a great article and I’ve linked it in the show notes at chiropracticforward.com if you’d like to go a little further in depth in the thing. Chiropractors can help this issue though. The research is there. They just have to start giving it a try. I think they’d be surprised with the results. Unless they referred to a vitalist. Then, when the patient reported back to the MD, the MD would probably never make another referral to a chiropractor as long as they lived once they realize that their referral made them look like an idiot. Just a guess.  CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT Item #2 This one is called “Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial” by ElDeeb, et. al(ElDeeb A 2020). published in the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics in May of 2020…..eh….it’s not fresh from the fire but it’s still steaming out of the microwave.  https://www.jmptonline.org/article/S0161-4754(20)30044-0/fulltext Why They Did It To investigate the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) on muscle work and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar vertebrae and femur in postmenopausal women. How They Did It
  • 43 postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density
  • randomly assigned to WBV and control groups
  • Both groups got calcium and Vit D supplementation once per day
  • The WBV group additionally got WBV exercises 2x/week for 24 weeks
  • Hip power generation and absorption, knee power absorption and generation, ankle power generation adn absoprtion were all measured. 
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and femor before and after intervention
What They Found
  • There were significant increases in the hip muscle work, knee muscle work, ankle musle work during gait in the WBV group.
  • Bone mineral densityof the lumbar spine and femur were significantly increased in the WBV group. 
  • However, there were no significant changes in teh control group 
  • The posttreatment values of the hip, knee, and ankle muscle work and the bone mineral density of the WBV group were significantly higher htan the posttreatment values of the control group. 
Wrap It Up The conclusion states, “Whole-body vibration training improved the leg muscle work and lumbar and femoral bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density.” Pretty interesting stuff, folks. Is this definitive proof? No. The sample size is small but it is randomized which is good. Would I advertise that I’m going to increase osteoporotic BMC? Nope. If my mom had osteoporosis, would I have her on the WBV? You bet your sweet bippy I would.  Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   
Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger Bibliography
  • ElDeeb A, A.-A. A. (2020). “Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Exercise on Power Profile and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” J Manipulative Physiol Ther 43(4): P384-393.
  • Galea S, M. N. (2020). “The cost of preventable disease in the USA.” The Lancet 5(10): E513-E514.

Manipulation For Concussion, Sleep And Cognitive Decline, & Dementia Predictors And Prevention

CF 148: Manipulation For Concussion, Sleep And Cognitive Decline, & Dementia Predictors And Prevention

Today we’re going to talk about manipulation and concussion, sleep and cognitive decline, dementia predictors and prevention. 

But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Subscribe button 

OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around. 

We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.

I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. No spam, just a reminder when the newest episodes go live. Nothing special so don’t worry about signing up. Just one a week friends. Check your JUNK folder!!

Do it do it do it. 

Chiropractic’s Effect On Strength and More, Status of Muscle Relaxers, And The Best Recovery Posture

 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #148

Now if you missed last week’s episode , we were joined by Dr. Katie Pohlman, head of research at Parker University and the ACA Researcher of the Year for 2020. That right there is enough for you to just go and listen I think. What a great person and professional to have on our team. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

While we’re on the topic of being smart, did you know that you can use our website as a resource? Quick and easy, you can go to chiropracticforward.com, click on Episodes, and use the search function

On the personal end of things…..

On the personal side of things, it’s still looking up. I’m back to about 140-145/week. We started this Monday off with 7 new patients and 4 re-exams. As of right now, I’m writing this on a Monday. We already have 143 scheduled this week and that without today’s patients being all set up for Wednesday and Wednesday’s patients be re-booked on Friday so I’m looking to definitely have an up-week this week. 

If you listen regularly, I was at about 185-220 per week prior to COVID so, maybe we can make some strides this week toward getting back to some of the big numbers again. Maybe maybe. Fingers crossed. 

How are your numbers? I asked in our private group and will try to remember to share with you in next week’s episode. With me still being at about 80% or so, I’m curious if my experience is normal or not. If you want to jump into the private Chiropractic Forward group and comment on the thread, that’d be great or send me an email at [email protected] Either works just fine. 

Here’s a preview of something I’m working on. Many don’t know this but there was a big blow up at the World Federation of Chiropractic starting with the conference last year in Berlin. Now, just a month or so ago, several of the biggest baddest researchers we have in our profession left the WFC research committee and from an outsider looking in, it appears to be due to pressure from the ICA and the WFC sponsors. Sponsors that we evidence-based chiropractors use and sponsors that our money and business has given some teeth to. On the surface, it seems we have given them teeth to embolden the ICA and bully our top researchers. 

So, my goal is to compile as much information as I can in order to present what happened and why. I want to present it in a fair and well-balanced way looking only for the truth on the matter. I want to know which makes me suspect that you want to know as well. 

Everyone in the know has remained very hush hush on the matter and, if this is the vitalist side organizing sponsors that we use as well to bully the research community, then I want to know who I need to be doing business with and which businesses I may choose to find an alternative to. 

Be looking for that coming down the pike. I’m not trying to shake up the chiro world. I just want to know what happened and I may reconsider doing business with the businesses that made it happen. Because, again, on the surface, it seems our points of view on how the profession should proceed into the future are not in alignment. No pun intended. 

Outside of that, still so far so good around here. Just being smart and trying to stay healthy. Hell, I’m healthier now than I think I’ve ever been. I went back on Weight Watchers. It’s a program I was on about 8 years ago. I lost about 45-50 pounds without really much effort. I swore to the almighty I’d never put that weight back on again. Well…..I did. Lol. 

So, I’m back on the struggle bus but honestly, it’s not that bad. The program always made so much sense to me. It just teaches you how to eat what you’re surrounded by every day. Including fast food even. If you’re not familiar, based on height and weight, you’re assigned a point value. You’re allowed a certain number of points per day and overage points per week should you exceed those points. 

At the same time, foods are assigned point values and, once you are familiar with how much foods count against your daily points, you are able to make educated choices as to what is OK to eat and what just isn’t really worth eating. 

It’s a simple concept and I have to say, it works like crazy. I’ve lost over 15 pounds in about 3 weeks or so. 

Here’s to the next 45!!! Dammit. 

Alright, let’s get on with it this week. 

Item #1

This first one is called “Effectiveness of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine vs Concussion Education in Treating Student Athletes With Acute Concussion Symptoms” by Yao et. al(Yao S 2020)., published in Journal of the American Osteopathic Association on August 7, 2020. Hot hot hot, it’s a lot hot! 

Why They Did It

The authors say that “current treatment options are limited and difficult to individualize. Osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) can aid musculoskeletal restrictions that can potentially improve concussion symptoms. Get that, they didn’t even say that they want to determine if it helps. They just straight up say osteopaths can help. Dammit. Chiropractors have to be more diplomatic in their research abstracts. 

As far as their objectives, more specifically, they said, “To assess concussion symptom number and severity in participants with concussion who received either OMM or an educational intervention.”

How They Did It

  • It was a randomized controlled trial 
  • Conducted at the New York Institute of Technology
  • Patients had concussion-like symptoms due to recent head injury within the previous 7 days
  • They were split randomly into two groups
  • One got manipulative therapy
  • The other group got concussion education intervention
  • They were assessed before and after with the Symptom Concussion Assessment Tool fifth edition

What They Found

  • 30 paticipants
  • The manipulation  group had significant decrease in symptom number and symptom severity compared with the concussion group

Wrap It Up

When used in the acute setting, OMM significantly decreased concussion symptom number and severity  compared with concussion education. This study demonstrates that integration of OMM using a physical examination-guided, individualized approach is safe and effective in the management of new-onset symptoms of uncomplicated concussions.

So let me just say this. Why in the H E double Hockey sticks does Osteopathic manipulation somehow trump chiropractic manipulation? Here’s your answer. It doesn’t if you see research validating osteo manipulation, then you just saw research validating chiropractic manipulation. Just because they got their outliers in line in a way that chiropractic has never even tried to do itself, doesn’t make their manipulation superior. At all. 

Adjusting Disc Herniations and Bulges

 

Item #2

This one is called “Association Between Sleep Duration and Cognitive Decline” by Ma, et. al(Ma Y 2020). and published in JAMA on September 21, 2020. My glasses just steamed up when I read that….because it’s that hot. 

Why They Did It

They wanted to answer the question, “What is the association between sleep duration and cognitive decline in the general aging population?”

How They Did It

  • This was a pooled cohort study 
  • Participants were 2 randomly enrolled cohorts comprising 28,756 individuals living in England and China
  • 50 years or older for the English
  • 45 years or older for the Chinese
  • Self-reported sleep duration per night according tro face-to-face interviews
  • Global cognitive z scores were calculatied 

Wrap It Up

They concluded that “an inverted U-shaped association between sleep duration and global cognitive decline was found, indicating that cognitive function should be monitored in individuals with insufficient (≤4 hours per night) or excessive (≥10 hours per night) sleep duration.” 

Item #3

This one is short, it’s an article in JAMA called “Nearly Half of Dementia Cases Could Be Prevented or Delayed” by Bridget Kuehn, published in JAMA on September 15, 2020. Fresh, sizzlin suckatash. 

Why They Did It

Basically, on this article, they’re covering the fact that there was a report in The Lancet back in 2017 identifying 9 preventable risk factors for dementia. They were….and still are:

  • Having little or no education
  • Hypertension
  • Untreated hearing impairment
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Depression
  • Physical inactivity
  • Diabetes
  • Low social contact

This article is basically an update saying the emerging evidence suggests there are 3 more preventable dementia risk factors. They are:

  1. Head injuries
  2. Excessive alcohol consumption in midlife
  3. Air pollution exposure later in life. 

Some of the recommended steps to prevent dementia are as follows:

  • countries should provide primary and elementary education for all children,
  • take steps to prevent obesity and diabetes,
  • reduce air pollution 
  • reduce secondhand smoke exposure. 
  • programs to prevent people starting smoking, 
  • Prevent or treat hearing loss, and 
  • prevent head injuries,
  • encourage hearing aid use and smoking cessation. 
  • maintaining systolic blood pressure of 130 mm Hg or lower in midlife, 
  • limiting alcohol to fewer than 21 servings per week, and 
  • maintaining an active lifestyle.

Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it.

Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

 

 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

 

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….

That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes. 

Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms. 

We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website

Home

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https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & VloggerBibliography

Ma Y, L. L., Zheng F, (2020). “Association Between Sleep Duration and Cognitive Decline.” JAMA Open 3(9).

Yao S, Z. H., Angelo N, Leder A, Mancini J, (2020). “Effectiveness of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine vs Concussion Education in Treating Student Athletes With Acute Concussion Symptoms.” J Am Osteopth Assoc

w/ Dr. Katie Pohlman – New Research, Upcoming Research, And the Need For It All

CF 147 w/ Dr. Katie Pohlman – New Research, Upcoming Research, And the Need For It All

Today we’re going to be joined by the one and only, research extraordinaire , Dr. Katie Pohlman. We’re going to talk about all kinds of research-related shenanigans so just you know that you are in the right place at the right time my friend.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.33-AM-150x55.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. No spam, just a reminder when the newest episodes go live. Nothing special so don’t worry about signing up. Just one a week friends. Check your JUNK folder!!

Do it do it do it. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #147.

Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about how chiropractic helped the VA cut opioid use among veterans and then we talked about diagnosing lumbar stenosis. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

While we’re on the topic of being smart, did you know that you can use our website as a resource? Quick and easy, you can go to chiropracticforward.com, click on Episodes, and use the search function

On the personal end of things…..

This week we have a guest you’ve heard me talk about plenty of times and I’m excited to have her with us so we won’t dwell on the my personal happenings too long here.   

First, we see numbers rising fairly significantly around my neck of the woods. Here in Texas, you can’t get anyone to take it seriously so we have folks walking around everywhere without a mask on. That tends to limit my interaction with people I don’t know. Of course, they’re required here in my clinic but going into a convenience store, that’s a different story. 

The last time I did that the clerk and myself were the only ones wearing them out of about 10 people. That’s a little distressing. To say the least. But, it is what it is. Darwinism is a real thing. Of course I don’t wish it on anyone and every loss is tragic. But there’s also the natural progression of Darwinism. Those that go by ‘heart’ and ‘opinion’ rather than science and self-preservation…..well, that’s a more dangerous course and I wish them all luck. In the end, regardless of how many get it, we’re looking at 98% of them coming through alright. No percentage guess on how many survive but suffer ongoing issues though. I haven’t heard numbers on that. 

Anyway, as far as the practice goes, we are clicking along and doing well. The new patient count is staying up there where it needs to be and the weekly visits will follow. Still around 145 last week though. I want to see that up around the 185 per week mark. Minimally. 

Then we can get back to paying down debt (aka school loans) and investing rather than paying the bills and surviving. Lol. lt’s good to pay the bills and survive but we should have bigger plans shouldn’t we? Investing and being debt free is key to the later part of life and it’s hard to do so when you’re down. 

Speaking of, I want to pass along some info to you guys and gals. I just finished up a book and decided I’d order 2 more off of Amazon to give out as gifts. The only other book I’ve ever done that with was one called The Easy Way To Quit Smoking by Alan Carr. I ordered several to loan out to my patients that are smokers. 

This book though was about investing. I have read financial books before but, if I’m being honest, getting into symbols and specifics and all…..it’s just not my forte. My wheelhouse exists elsewhere. Which sucks because being financially sound is key to all of our lives. 

Anyway, the book is called Quit Like A Millionaire by Kristy Shen and Bryce Leung. They’re a married couple with different last names. I don’t know. Young people these days do stuff different. Lol. Anyway, I am always skeptical about titles like that. Sure sure….quit like a millionaire. Riggghhhtttt. This book is different. When I said young people do things differently, these two really do. There are real, actionable steps here and I have to admit, even at 48 years old, I’m pretty jazzed about getting my numbers back up so I can jump in head first on some of these suggestions. 

They retired at 32 years old. She’s got the research and the numbers behind her and I’m impressed. If I can get started on it soon, I’ll talk about it and share my experiences with you as I go along. Until then, you might check her website at https://www.millennial-revolution.com/start-here/

Introduction

Enough of that, let’s get going with our guest today.  Welcome to the show, Dr. Pohlman. I appreciate you joining us today.

How are things at Parker University today?

Tell me why you became a chiropractor and then what it was that led you into the research side rather than the treatment side of the profession. 

Congratulations on being the ACA Researcher of the Year. Tell me, with all of the amazing researchers doing work in the profession right now, in your opinion, what made you the pick for the award this year. 

Let’s talk about your post at Parker University. Can you tell us about your day-to-day? For the research-minded listener out there in podcast land, what does the head of research at Parker do every day when you go into work?

I have a paper here that you were the lead author on called “Assessing Adverse Events After Chiropractic Care at a Chiropractic Teaching Clinic: An Active-Survellance Pilot Study” and published in the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics in August of 2020 so brand new stuff here(Pohlman K 2020). While unfamiliar with the other authors on the paper, I do recognize Dr. Greg Kawchuk. I got to see him speak last September in St. Louis at the Forward ’19 conference and wow….he’s an effective speaker to say the least. He’s a heavy hitter for sure. The stated objective here was to assess the feasibility of implementing an active-surveillance reporting system within a chiropractic teaching clinic and subsequently determining the frequency of adverse events after treatment is administered. Now pilot studies are basically the research before the research, right? So, what is down the road along these lines and why is this paper important to us?

Here is a quote from the conclusion of the paper that I think our listeners would find educational. You say, “Our preliminary findings identified that over 50% of patients had improved symptoms after a chiropractic encounter, whereas 8.9% of patients reported worsening symptoms and 5.0% reported new symptoms. Additionally, results from this study suggest that although most symptoms improve with care, there are symptoms that worsen or are new after care, which may not have been previously known to interns or practitioners.”

Another project you were an author on is called “Chiropractic Care of Adults With Postpartum-Related Low Back, Pelvic Girdle, or Combination Pain: A Systematic Review,” by yourself and Carol Ann Weiss et. al(Weiss C 2020). published again in the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics in again, August of 2020. It was a really busy August for you apparently! The objective of this one was to conduct a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of specific chiropractic care options commonly used for postpartum low back pain, pelvic girdle pain, or a combination of the two.  Can you lead us through the paper a little and talk about the abstract’s conclusion which says, “No treatment option was identified as having sufficient evidence to make a clear recommendation.”

The last paper I want to ask you about is one you were on that we covered way back in episode #68 and the paper was called “Change in young people’s spine pain following chiropractic care at a publicly funded healthcare facility in Canada.” It’s amazing how much wonderful research goes on in Canada, BTW. Anyway, it was published in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice in March of 2019(Manansala C 2019). This one was interesting to me because it highlighted the fact that spinal pain in young people has been established as a risk factor for pain later in their life. Basically, you all wanted to see how kids respond to chiropractic. I think most chiropractors find this to be obvious given our clinical observations but the conclusion of the paper was “the findings of th epresent study provide evidence that a pragmatic course of chiropractic care, including spinal manipulation, mobilization, soft tissue therapy, acupuncture, and other modalities within the chiropractic scope of practice are a viable conservative pain management treatment option for young people.” What can you tell me about this paper? Did you learn anything new that you didn’t already know going into it?

Do you ever get tired of having a new paper come out? Is it exciting every time?

When I was at Forward ’19, I heard about a program for the first time. I had never heard of CARL before. It turns out that you are very involved. Can you tell us what it is and why it’s important?

What are you and your crew working on now? What’s coming down the line and what big questions are you hoping to get answers to?

Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it.

Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

  • Manansala C, P. S., Pohlman K, (2019). “Change in young people’s spine pain following chiropractic care at a publicly funded healthcare facility in Canada.” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice.
  • Pohlman K, F. M., Ndetan H, Hogg-Johnson S, Bodnar P, Kawchuk G, (2020). “Assessing Adverse Events After Chiropractic Care at a Chiropractic Teaching Clinic: An Active-Survellance Pilot Study.” J Man Physiol Ther.
  • Weiss C, P. K., Draper C, Silva-Oolup S, Stuber K, Hawk C, (2020). “Chiropractic Care of Adults With Postpartum-related Low Back, Pelvic Girdle, or Combination Pain: A Systematic Review.” J Man Physiol Ther.

 

Chiropractic Helps VA Cut Opioids & Diagnosing Lumbar Stenosis

CF 146: Chiropractic Helps VA Cut Opioids & Diagnosing Lumbar Stenosis

Today we’re going to talk about the success of the VA in reducing prescription opioid use – psst, guess who has helped them do that? And we’ll talk about diagnosing and testing for stenosis.

But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around. 

We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.

I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
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Do it do it do it. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #146

Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about how even kids can hurt. We talked about manipulation for lumbar radiculopathy. And we talked about the lack of attention found on the chiropractic boards for biopsychosocial issues. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

While we’re on the topic of being smart, did you know that you can use our website as a resource? Quick and easy, you can go to chiropracticforward.com, click on Episodes, and use the search function to find whatever you want quickly and easily. With over 100 episodes in the tank and an average of 2-3 papers covered per episode, we have somewhere between 250 and 300 papers that can be quickly referenced along with their talking points. 

Just so you know, all of the research we talk about in each episode is cited in the show notes for each episode if you’re looking to dive in a little deeper. 

Kids Still Hurt, Manipulation For Lumbar Radiculopathy, & Lack Of Attention On The Boards For Biopsychosocial Matters

 

On the personal end of things…..

To kick off on a cool note you’ll all appreciate, I have a patient that is a med school student that has had amazing results for a pretty significant and lingering disc injury. Your truly opened his eyes to the power of what an evidence-based chiropractor is capable of and it’s paid off for him and, the more of the younger docs that experience something like he has with chiropractic, the more accepted the evidence-based faction of our profession becomes. And the more accepted, the more referrals we get. 

That’s not the good news I wanted to share though. The good news is that he said in one of his classes last week, when they were talking about back pain, manipulation was recommended. In med school. Did you freaking A hear that? Med school is now teaching medical doctors that spinal manipulation isn’t only accepted…..but it’s reco-freaking-mended. 

Bam, Kapow, Zap, Snap, Whack!!

Super hero noises for cool stuff. Hell yeah. 

Moving on, now that school is up and rocking and people are in their normal routines once again, the growth I was talking about a week or two ago is showing to be sustainable at this time. 17 new patients last week tells me we may be slowly getting back to where we were before the Rona. Climbing out of the hole slowly but surely. 

I know all states are different. Here in Texas, as many of you may suspect, is challenging. We probably have A LOT more anti-maskers than many states out there have. We’ve been at work, live…in person since May 1st. Some chiros never took the 2 weeks to step back and see what was up. They just kept motoring through. And….I have to say it looks like they were the smart ones from what I’ve seen. 

I lost out on 2 weeks of work by shutting down completely. Not only that, but from April 1st or so, we were open but emergency only. Honestly…..how many emergencies do we have? We have some but they’re not going sustain my practice. So….I lost two weeks but only doing the emergency thing made me lose a lot of business as well. 

Then, we’re open to everyone and anyone basically on May 1st. Cool, but it took a good while before people started coming in. They knew we closed for a bit and didn’t always know we were back open. Plus, a ton of them were just scared. Understandably. 

So, as with everyone else that follows science, rules, and recommendations, we lost out. For sure. Since I’ve been back at it….again….May 1st, it seems that maybe we could have been safely going the whole time. I could look back and be upset that I followed the rules and that I’m a boy scout like that. But, I’m not going to be. Because how quickly we may forget; it was spooky. Nobody knew the mortality rate. Nobody knew what percentage end up in the hospital or what percentage gets put on a ventilator and how those percentages change from age group to age group. 

We didn’t know anything about it. When you get reports that the death rate is as high as 5% and then a separate paper says it lives on plastic as much as 3 days…..well hell. Please excuse me a sec while my anxiety goes through the roof. I mean, I want to be polite and excuse myself but yeah, the anxiety was going through the roof for myself as well as for the majority of us out there. Not the subluxation slaying spine whisperers of course but for us sciencers….yeah….we were concerned. 

Now we know so much more. We know when everyone in the clinic is masked, we lower our chances of transmission. Life is continuing. Anxiety is still somewhat up there. But life’s continuing as it all seems to work itself out.  The college kid cases are going up all the time. As expected because they’re kids and they’re knuckleheads. As long as they don’t take it home to vulnerable folks, then I don’t see it as harmful. It’s only helpful. 

My daughter has been going to in-person on-campus junior high with over 1,000 fellow knuckleheads. In the first six weeks there have been 2-3 teachers come down with it and about 4 kids. While that may seem a lot to some of you, I see it as a win so far. All of those people in one building together for 6 weeks and that’s all the spread we have? And let’s be fair, I know one of the teachers for sure got it from her husband who brought it home from work. 

To me, it means so far, they are not giving it back and forth to each other at the schools as long as they’re being careful and masking. So far. I really thought they’d all be closed down and go back to strictly online learning by now. I’m still pleasantly wrong. I’ll take it. 

Alright folks Enough Rona rambling. I don’t start talking about it becuase I love the topic. I’ll admit that I do find it all fascinating though. I really do. I’m a bit nerdy about stuff like that. 

Anyway, I talk about it every week because….damnit….that’s what’s going on. It’s the way it is. It’s in my personal happenings as it is in yours as well. So, I might as well talk about it and share with you my experiences, what I’m seeing in my practice, and how I’m muddling through this mess. It’ll either let you know you’re not alone or it’ll show you what you don’t want to do. I’m good either way. As long as you get some use out of it!

Item #1

This one comes from the Office of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs(2020) and is called “VA reduces prescription opioid use by 64% during past eight years.” It was published online on July 30, 2020…..yep…..pretty damn hot. 

This was an article that was basically announcing that t he VA has successfully reduced prescription opioid use in patients within the VA system by 64%. They went from more than 679.000 veterans in 2012 to 247,000 in 2020. 

Lancet Low Back Update & Movement Disorders Mean Pain

 

They say they achieve this dramatic reduction by safer amd more responsible use of opioids but also by treating chronic pain using alternative therapies and treatments. Guess who’s a big part of that? Chiropractors. Yep that’s right. And to be fair…acupuncturists as well. We are getting referrals from the VA for both chiropractic and acupuncture. 

They say, the “VA takes an interdisciplinary approach to care focused on a Veteran’s Whole Health by using non-pharmacological, complementary pain management treatments, self-care, skill building, and support to transition from a biomedical to a biopsychosocial model of pain care. “

How many times have you heard me screaming about the biopsychosocial aspect of chronic pain? A LOT….a lot…

If you follow the link in the article to their list of complementary pain management treatments, chiropractic and acupuncture are the first two listed. Good stuff people. Good stuff. 

They’re just not there yet but wouldn’t have been nice if the title was something like, “The VA system reduces opioids 64% by be smarter and by using chiropractic and acupuncture.” I’m not holding my breath for that day but it really should read just like that. Baby steps I suppose. Itty bitty, teensy weensy baby steps it seems. 

Next paper covers diagnostic tests for stenosis but…

Before we get to the next paper, I want to tell you a little about this new tool on the market called Drop Release. I love new toys! If you’re into soft tissue work, then it’s your new best friend. Heck if you’re just into getting more range of motion in your patients, then it’s your new best friend.

Drop Release uses fast stretch to stimulate the Golgi Tendon Organ reflex.  Which causes instant and dramatic muscle relaxation and can restore full ROM to restricted joints like shoulders and hips in seconds.  

Picture a T bar with a built-in drop piece.  This greatly reduces time needed for soft tissue treatment, leaving more time for other treatments per visit, or more patients per day.  Drop Release is like nothing else out there, and you almost gotta see it to understand, so check out the videos on the website.

It’s inventor, Dr. Chris Howson, from the great state of North Dakota, is a listener and friend. He offered our listeners a great discount on his product. When you order, if you put in the code ‘HOTSTUFF’ all one word….as in hot stuff….coming up!! If you enter HOTSTUFF in the coupon code area, Dr. Howson will give you $50 off of your purchase.

Go check Drop Release at droprelease.com and tell Dr. Howson I sent you.

Item #2

This one is called “Diagnostic tests in the clinical diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis: Consensus and Results of an International Delphi Study” authored by Tomkins-Lane et. al(Tomkins-Lane C 2020). and published in European Spine Journal in June of 2020. Damn hot enough!

Why They Did It

The authors wanted to reach a consensus on which diagnostic tests are most important in confirming the clinical diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis

How They Did It

  • Phase 1: 22 members of the International Taskforce on the Diagnosis and Management of LSS confirmed 35 diagnostic items
  • An on-line survey was developed that allows experts to express the logical order in which they consider the diagnostic tests, and the level of certainty ascertained from each test.
  • Phase 2, Round 1: Survey distributed to members of the International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine
  • Round 2: Meeting of 15 members of Taskforce defined final list of 10 items.
  • Round 3: Survey was distributed internationally, followed by Taskforce consensus.

What They Found

  • 432 clinicians from 28 different countries participated
  • Certainty of the diagnosis was 60% after selecting the first test and significant change in certainty ceasing after eight items at 90.8% certainty
  • The most frequently selected tests included MRI/CT scan, neurological examination and walking test with gait observation. 
  • The diagnostic test selected most frequently as the first test was neurological examination.

Wrap It Up

“This is the first study to reach an international consensus on which diagnostic tests should be used in the clinical diagnosis of LSS. The final recommendation includes three core diagnostic items: neurological examination, MRI/CT and walking test with gait observation. The Taskforce also recommends 3 ‘rule out’ tests: foot pulses/ABI, hip examination and test for cervical myelopathy.”

Related but on a separate note, the grocery cart sign hints you toward stenosis. If walking through a grocery store just kills the patient but they can lean over on the cart with their elbows and that alleviates the pain….or if sitting removes the complaint fairly quickly, you need to start sniffing up the stenosis tree. 

I am a big fan of Dr. Carmen Amendolia’s program which he was able to validate through research. It’s called the Boot Camp for Stenosis and it’s REALLY turned a very difficult condition to treat into a much more successful outcome for me personally. 

Basically, it’s just a lack of real estate in the canals and this program helps the patient understand the condition as well as self manage after a 2xweek for 6 week protocol. It’s well-thought out and very well done. And easy to do and understand. 

I highly recommend it. Your stenosis patients will thank you profusely.  

Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing the world and our profession from your little corner of the world. Continue taking care of yourselves and taking care of your neighbors. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it.

Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Key Takeaways

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

Subscribe Button

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.

When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.

It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.

And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….

That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes. 

Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms. 

We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

Bibliography

  • (2020). “VA reduces prescription opioid use by 64% during past eight years.” VA US Dept Veterans Affairs.
  • Tomkins-Lane C, M. M., Wong A, (2020). “Diagnostic tests in the clinical diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis: Consensus and Results of an International Delphi Study.” European Spine Journal 29: 2188-2197.