fear avoidance

Young Athletes With CTE & Catastrophizing, Fear Avoidance, and Pain

CF 322: Young Athletes With CTE & Catastrophizing, Fear Avoidance, and Pain

Today we’re going to talk about Young Athletes With CTE & Catastrophizing, Fear Avoidance, and Pain But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are giving evidence-based chiropractic a little personality and making it profitable. We’re not the stuffy, elitist, pretentious kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. So grab you a bushel.  I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, smarts, personality, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent resource for you and is categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on wherever you listen to it 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #322 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about The WHO’s Sources For Opinion On Spinal Manipulative Therapy (Part 9).  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things….. I’m recording on a Monday and we have the big West Texas Conference coming up this Friday for the Texas Chiropractic Association. It’ll be in Lubbock, TX so about an hour and 45 minutes south of where I’m at here in Amarillo.  I’ve paid for our Parker intern, Dontae, to come with. I think it’s up to the older folks to get the younger folks engaged in our state associations. If you listen long enough, in every podcast, at the end, I say that the ACA and our state associations need bus in the leadership positions if this profession is ever going to continue gaining integration into the system as a whole. If we’re ever going to achieve 1st or 2nd referral status for a non-complicated msk issue, we damn well better start behaving like part of the team instead of part of a fringe cult from outer space. 

Here’s a thought, hey clinic owners and lead doctors with associates, if you don’t require your associates to be a part of their state associations, you are absolutely, undeniably part of the problem. It’s as much Your responsibility to bring them up correctly as it is theirs to start getting involved in their profession.  Oh, I’m getting fired up this morning, damnit!! I’ve held enough positions in the TCA at this point that I’ve lost count and ever since my first year of involvement, our membership has been the issue. We have about 25% of our licensed DCs in the state of TX as actual members in the TCA. So, if we have 6,500 DC in the state, then about 1600 or so are members. Not active members. Just dues-paying members.

Minimal effort members, you might say. 

Consider that the state of TX has around 70,000 physicians and the vast majority are required to be paying members of their predatory state association. The official name is Texas Medical Association but we call them the Evil Empire.  Tell me…..how in the hell are 1600 chiropractors, of which only about 50 are actually active, supposed to turn the tide or battle effectively against an Evil Empire of approximately 60,000 or more? Then throw in lead chiropractors and clinic owners that are sitting on their asses not giving a squirt one way or another and not showing their associates how to give back to their profession and how to protect their rights?

Come on…..it’s almost too ridiculous to even talk about. Why do we have to say this stuff?  it’s disappointing and astonishing.  I sat in a Board Of Directors meeting many years ago. It cost us money to be there and cost us money to be out of our clinics to be there. Fighting an uphill battle that the majority of the DCs in the state don’t care about. It’s self-defeating. But one of my colleagues and friends said, “If not us, then who?” And then it’s OK. Fight the battles nobody else is willing to fight.

Get in, impose your will. Make sure evidence-based, patient-centered practice models are at the forefront of your state association’s initiatives and influence and get the crazy aliens off of the stages at your states continuing education conferences. 

Literally, about 20 people run your associations at any point in time. Hop in. One person can make a world of difference.  Raise your hand. Send an email. Just show up and be there. 

Item #1 Our first one this week is called “Neuropathologic and Clinical Findings in Young Contact Sport Athletes Exposed to Repetitive Head Impacts” by McKee et. Al and published in JAMA Neurology on August 28, 2023 and that’s blisterin’ hot!! Remember, the citations can be found at chiropracticforward.com under this episode. 

McKee AC, Mez J, Abdolmohammadi B, et al. Neuropathologic and Clinical Findings in Young Contact Sport Athletes Exposed to Repetitive Head Impacts. JAMA Neurol. 2023;80(10):1037–1050. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2023.2907

Why They Did It Young contact sport athletes may be at risk for long-term neuropathologic disorders, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). They wanted to characterize the neuropathologic and clinical symptoms of young brain donors who were contact sport athletes.

How They Did It This case series analyzes findings from 152 of 156 brain donors younger than 30 years identified through the Understanding Neurologic Injury and Traumatic Encephalopathy (UNITE) Brain Bank who donated their brains from February 1, 2008, to September 31, 2022.  Neuropathologic evaluations, retrospective telephone clinical assessments, and online questionnaires with informants were performed blinded. Data analysis was conducted between August 2021 and June 2023.

Exposures  Repetitive head impacts from contact sports.

Main Outcomes and Measures  Gross and microscopic neuropathologic assessment, including diagnosis of CTE, based on defined diagnostic criteria; and informant-reported athletic history and informant-completed scales that assess cognitive symptoms, mood disturbances, and neurobehavioral dysregulation.

What They Found Among the 152 deceased contact sports participants included in the study, CTE was diagnosed in 63 (median age, 26 years).  Of the 63 brain donors diagnosed with CTE, 60 were diagnosed with mild CTE (stages I or II).  Brain donors who had CTE were more likely to be older  Of the 63 athletes with CTE, 45 were men who played amateur sports, including American football, ice hockey, soccer, rugby, and wrestling; 1 woman with CTE played collegiate soccer.  For those who played football, duration of playing career was significantly longer in those with vs without CTE  Athletes with CTE had more ventricular dilatation, cavum septum pellucidum, thalamic notching, and perivascular pigment-laden macrophages in the frontal white matter than those without CTE. 

Cognitive and neurobehavioral symptoms were frequent among all brain donors.  Suicide was the most common cause of death, followed by unintentional overdose; there were no differences in cause of death or clinical symptoms based on CTE status.

Wrap It Up This case series found that young brain donors exposed to repetitive head impacts were highly symptomatic regardless of CTE status, and the causes of symptoms in this sample are likely multifactorial. 

Item #2 Our second one this week is called, “Changes in pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain self-efficacy mediate changes in pain intensity on disability in the treatment of chronic low back pain” by Ryum et al and published in Pain Reports in September of 2023 and it’s hot to the touch!

Ryum T, Stiles TC. Changes in pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain self-efficacy mediate changes in pain intensity on disability in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Pain Rep. 2023 Sep 13;8(5):e1092. doi: 10.1097/PR9.0000000000001092. PMID: 37719924; PMCID: PMC10501475.

Why They Did It Treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP) based on the fear-avoidance model (FAM) has received support in randomized controlled trials, but few studies have examined treatment processes associated with treatment outcome.  This study examined changes in pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, and pain self-efficacy as mediators of the relation between changes in pain intensity and disability in exposure-based treatment of CLBP.

How They Did It Data from a randomized controlled trial with 2 treatment arms (which were the fear avoidance model with/without in-session exposure)  Change scores (pre to booster session) were computed for all variables, and the indirect effect of change in pain intensity on change in 3 measures of disability, through change in the proposed mediators, was tested in parallel mediation analyses.

What They Found Decreases in pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance beliefs, as well as increases in pain self-efficacy, mediated a unique proportion of the relation between changes in pain intensity and disability, depending on the outcome measure.  The direct relation between changes in pain intensity and disability was absent when indirect effects were controlled.

Wrap It Up The results suggest that the way pain is interpreted (pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs), as well as pain self-efficacy, are all more critical for reducing disability in exposure-based treatment of CLBP than symptom relief per se. You’ve been hearing this from you Ol’ Uncle Jeffro since about 2019 now. Since I went through the Diplomate of the Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine program. Which used to be called the DACO or the ortho diplomate.

It was the DACO when I started and changed in the middle of my education.  I wondered why but it became quickly apparent. There was as much Neuro in the process as there was ortho and yellow flags, upregulated CNS, fear avoidance and all kinds of Neuro tidbits were front stage. So, an ortho diplomate no longer adequately described what we were learning. 

Anyway, pay attention to this stuff. It will absolutely get your patients better when you understand it! Alright, that’s it.

Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com. 

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Excessive Generalization Of Fear Avoidance

CF 301:

Excessive Generalization Of Fear Avoidance

Today we’re going to talk about Excessive Generalization Of Fear Avoidance But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music      

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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  OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.  Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 
  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research.
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #301 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about disc resorptions and pickleball injuries. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. I just got back from Chicago. Long long long conference. It’s serious on the CEUs folks. 27 hours of classroom sitting. That’s rough. But, I will say, it’s one of the smartest groups of docs you’ll be in the same room with.  This conference was put on by the ACCC which is the American College of Chiropractic Consultant in conjunction with the America Board Of Forensic Professionals. Or somethiing like that. It’s the consultants with the forensics   So basically you have the coding and compliance specialists with the medicolegal expert witness folks and you have a nice mix of really detail-oriented, research knowledgeable, and super smart people.  The presenters at this conference gotta be tough and on their games because these folks are smart and, for the most part, know what the heck they’re talking about. I wouldn’t present to them. Lol.  Anyway, one of my buddies, David Graber, presented and did a great job. He was from 8-10 on a Saturday afterr we all stayed out a little too late but he was full of energy and did a great job keeping eveyrone engaged.  On Friday a new connection made out there presented. I did not know Dr. Steven Brown from Gilbert, AZ before this conference but we got to spend some quality time getting to know each other this weekend. It was funny how we met. I was in the elevator speaking to someone, I don’t remember who….and this voice from behind be goes….”Hey, aren’t you that chiropractor with the podcast?”  Not thinking anyone ever listens to my podcast, I was surprised and just said, “Yeah….I have a podcast!” He said, “I recognized your voice!” So, that was Dr. Steven Brown. Lol. Turns our Steven was a presenter at the conference and was talking about when it is actually possible for chiros to cause strokes from SMT and how we can potentially avoid the pitfall. Great talk, plenty of discussion and interaction and he knows his stuff. No doubt.  I got the opportunity to hang out with a friend and quasi-mentor of mine, Dr. James Lehman of the University of Bridgeport. I can’t say enough about Jim. He’s just a special guy and a great friend to me that I very much value.  My buddy, Ben Fergus, who lives in Chicago, came down to visit me and meet Dr. Graber and Dr. Lehman.  So, basically, a trip that I was not looking forward to at all turned into a great trip with lots of new connections made along the way. I don’t like classrooms filling up any of my weekends but this thing turned out A-OK.  If you’ve ever throught about a Diplomate in Forensics, I have some advice. Get the Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine Diplomate at 300 hours through the University of Bridgeport like I did. Then, for only 100 extra hours, you can get the Forensics Diplomate. Then with both of those in your pocket, you’ll be well-positioned to be a medicolegal expert witness.  If you had told me 5 years ago that I would have a Diplomate, I would have told you that you need to quick smoking the Devil’s lettuce. Now, sitting here in 2023, I am double board certified with two Diplomates. It’s weird how things change and interests change.  I was in a hurry and I loved the Neuromusculoskeletal information so much that I burned through the course in 6 months and you can too. For the most part, none of you are any busier with business and life than I am. I promise. That forensics diplomate probably only took me roughly 3 months to complete.  If you’d like any information on them, I’ll put the links in the show notes here. Just go to episode #301 at chiropracticforward.com and check it out.  https://www.bridgeport.edu/academics/programs/hs-postgrad-programs/orthopedics-neuromusculoskeletal-medicine https://www.acatoday.org/aca-membership/aca-specialty-councils/council-on-forensic-sciences/ Since it’s a little long, we’re just going with one paper this week. It’s called, “Excessive generalization of pain-related avoidance behavior: mechanisms, targets for intervention, and future directions” by Vandael et. Al. and was published in Pain Journal for November 2023 and that’s so hot not a man can hold it! Vandael, Kristofa,b; Vervliet, Bramb; Peters, Madelona; Meulders, Anna,c,*. Excessive generalization of pain-related avoidance behavior: mechanisms, targets for intervention, and future directions. PAIN 164(11):p 2405-2410, November 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000002990 When you have chronic pain, it is natural to want to avoid activities that you think will cause pain. However, if you avoid too many activities, it can make your pain worse and lead to disability. One reason why people with chronic pain avoid activities is because they fear that those activities will cause pain. This fear is often based on past experiences of pain. However, the fear can sometimes spread to activities that are unlikely to cause pain. This is known as overgeneralization of pain-related fear. Overgeneralization of pain-related fear is a key feature of chronic pain disability. There are a number of things that can be done to reduce overgeneralization of pain-related fear, including:
  • Learning about pain and how it works
  • Gradually exposing yourself to activities that you fear will cause pain
  • Identifying and changing the negative thoughts and beliefs that contribute to your avoidance behavior
  • Learning to accept your pain and focus on living a meaningful life despite your pain
There are a few potential intervention targets to reduce overgeneralization of pain-related avoidance:
  • Competing goals: Encouraging people to pursue valued goals, even if it means experiencing some pain, can help to weaken the fear-avoidance relation.
  • Perceptual accuracy: Training people to more accurately perceive their movements can help to reduce generalization, as people are less likely to avoid activities that they know are safe.
  • Positive affect: Inducing positive affect can help to inhibit fear from spreading to novel safe stimuli and may also increase willingness to approach fear-evoking stimuli.
Other potential intervention targets include executive functions such as working memory and attentional control, and anxious traits such as anxiety, sensitivity, and intolerance of uncertainty. Future research on overgeneralization of pain-related avoidance should focus on:
  • Establishing the diagnostic and predictive validity of paradigms developed to study generalization of avoidance behavior in pain research.
  • Testing experimental interventions to reduce overgeneralization in both healthy subclinical and clinical samples.
  • Investigating the role of social factors in generalization.
  • Examining observational and instructed learning as mechanisms of generalization.
  • Conducting preventive trials in the acute pain stage.
  • Translating experimental interventions into practice to test for clinically relevant improvements.
This research is important to inform and strengthen evidence-based treatment for chronic pain. All of this is just building on what we’ve been learning in the last 5-10 years with regard to pain.  Fear avoidance is huge. We must address it before de-conditioning sets in.  Hurt doesn’t equal harm Movement at the joint and at the global level is healing, it improves proprioceptive input, it clears up a muddied and blurry neural map of our joints and our movements, it has an effect on neuroplasticity, and it increases our confidence in movement while lowering our overall pain levels.  So let’s get our patients moving as quickly as we can responsibly and appropriately.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website
Home
Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

Fear Avoidance & Opioids and Neuro Changes With Cannabis Use In Adolescence

CF 199: Fear Avoidance & Opioids and Neuro Changes With Cannabis Use In Adolescence

Today we’re going to talk about fear avoidance behavior and opioids and we’ll talk about cannabis use in adolescence.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check out my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s a great resource for your patient education and for you. It saves time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections and it’s written in a way that is easy to understand for practitioner and patient. You have to check it out. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #199  Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about MRIs and Clinic Presentation & Surgery vs. Conservative Care For Discs. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

 

On the personal end of things…..

I’m headed to Chicago on Wednesday. I’m going to the American College of Chiropractic Orthopedics conference out there. When you have completed the Forensics course work as I have, you go to the conference and take the final test.  I’m just gonna lay it out there; I haven’t studied. I hope my memory is amazing. More amazing than I think my 49-year-old noggin actually is. In real life. I’ve gotten so damn busy lately, I couldn’t study if I wanted to. So, we’re going to Chicago, we’re hanging out and learning good stuff, and then we’re keeping our fingers crossed that I’m able to kick the Ol clunky car into the driveway and bring the second Fellowship back home to the Williams Estate. Ultimately, if I don’t knock it out, I’m better than I was before.

Honestly, at the price point for this one after having done the Ortho Diplomate, it was a no-brainer.  Just the part of the course that was the AMA course on Impairment was useful. It’s pretty cool how they’ve quantified disability for basically anything and everything.

Crazy crazy

As mentioned, the recovery of the clinic numbers continues. I’m the only Chiro in the clinic and I had 33 new Chiro patients just last week alone. It’s a challenge. I’m probably going to have to be looking to hire an associate sooner rather than later if this stays the way it’s been in the last month. Funny how about 6 weeks ago I was frustrated with the lack of significant recovery from the COVID era numbers. Delta was on the spike. I didn’t see anything but a longer tunnel before we saw the light.  I’m by no means convinced it’s over. But numbers are going down now. And even in the middle of the delta spike, people here were done. 100% done. Restaurants have been full. No masks and no special distancing. Concerts. The whole thing.

Kids in school with no masks.

We had a spike for sure. It didn’t get as bad as the last spike. But bad enough to get everyone’s attention. I lost some folks I know during this last one. One of my buddies is in his fourth week in the hospital with it right now.  But business is back regardless and I’m pleased to see it. 

If you’ve been following along on the NP thing, still slow going. As is expected. Slow growing, slow to get our message heard. Just slow. But busier The hormone pellets have been amazing. We’re doing the IV therapy, PRP injection, trigger point injections, medical weight loss, COVID testing,…..it’s been interesting to get a peek into this world we’ve been essentially locked out of.  Sitting here today though, not one patient on his schedule so, we talk to our current patient load. We introduce our NP to everyone. We make them all aware that he’s here and we remove barriers. Barriers like ‘fear of the unknown by just introducing him. It’s a challenge but it’s one we are fully engaged in. Stay tuned. I’ll keep you updated on our progress. 

Item #1

Item 1 this week is called “Association of Cannabis Use During Adolescence With Neurodevelopment” by Albaugh et. al. (Albaugh MD 2021) and published in JAMA Psychiatry on June 16, 2021, and it’s ablaze!

Why They Did It

To what extent is cannabis use associated with magnetic resonance imaging–measured cerebral cortical thickness development during adolescence?

How They Did It

  • Cannabis use was assessed at baseline and 5-year follow-up with the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs. 
  • MRIs were done on each
  • The study evaluated 1598 MR images from 799 participants (450 female participants

What They Found

  • At a 5-year follow-up, cannabis use was negatively associated with thickness in the left prefrontal and right prefrontal cortices. 
  • There were no significant associations between lifetime cannabis use at 5-year follow-up and baseline cortical thickness, suggesting that the observed neuroanatomical differences did not precede initiation of cannabis use. 
  • Analysis revealed that thinning in the right prefrontal cortices, from baseline to follow-up, was associated with attentional impulsiveness at follow-up.

Wrap It Up

Results suggest that cannabis use during adolescence is associated with altered neurodevelopment, particularly in cortices rich in cannabinoid 1 receptors and undergoing the greatest age-related thickness change in middle to late adolescence.

Item #2

Number two today is called, “Anxiety and Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Behavior May Be Significant Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Analgesic Therapy Reliance for Patients with Chronic Pain—Results from a Preliminary Study” by Silva et. al. (Marcelina Jasmine Silva 2021) and published in Pain Medicine in September of 2021 and it’s most certainly en Fuego on this day. 

Why They Did It

To describe differences between patients with chronic, non-cancer pain (CNCP) who were successfully able to cease full use of chronic opioid analgesic therapy (COAT), and those who reduced reliance on opioids,. How They Did It

  • A retrospective review of electronic medical records (EMR) data was organized for preliminary analysis.
  • It was a review of electronic medical records (EMR) data
  • 109 patients participated between October 2017 to December 2019

What They Found

  • Patients who were unsuccessful at opioid cessation reported significantly higher Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FAB) scores. 
  • Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) scores showed a split pattern with unclear significance.

Wrap It Up

Results suggest that fear-avoidance beliefs and behavior play a significant role in refractory chronic opioid analgesic therapy reliance for patients with chronic non-cancer pain. We know this and you know this if you listen to this podcast with any regularity. We’ve covered it 100 times it seems. You should be having an ongoing conversation with your new patients about fear avoidance. 

A normal conversation that I have with new patients suffering from chronic pain sounds similar to this,

“Movement is healing. Motion is the lotion for the joints. Think about when someone has something as serious as surgery; they have them walking the halls that day or the next. Because movement is healing. 

Those that want a bottle of pills and some extra time to sit and wait for it to pass will be waiting longer and, sometimes, it never heals at all. Those that are getting back to their lives and working through the discomfort typically get better and have a better resolution of the injury. Know the difference between hurt and harm. When you’re injured, it can hurt getting back to the grind but that doesn’t mean it’s harmful. In fact, most of the time, hurt doesn’t mean harm.  Work through it and make it happen.  Most experts agree that pain lasting beyond 3 months is turning chronic and harder to treat. Taking control of chronic pain starts with understanding it so I’m going to give you an article I’ve written called Decoding Chronic Pain.

Please read it and we’ll talk about it on the next visit. In that article, there’s a recommendation for a book called “Back In Control” by David Hanscom, MD. He’s a fellow chronic pain sufferer and an orthopedic spinal surgeon. This book will give you some education and some techniques to help you with the cognitive aspect of pain, which my article addresses. You can throw acupuncture, massage, chiropractic, exercises, shot, and/or surgery at chronic pain but, many times, if you’re not also addressing the cognitive aspect of long-term pain, you likely won’t get where you want to be.

Are you familiar with the term ‘phantom limb pain’? How can a limb that is no longer attached and got burned up in an oven still hurt? It’s because they treated the peripheral source of the pain but did nothing to address the central, cognitive aspect of the issue. So the part of the brain that makes up the pain experience continues to make that pain experience happen. Even after it’s gone. That’s also why research has shown that when a chronic pain sufferer has absolutely perfect surgery for anything, they have a 60% chance of developing new chronic pain at the new site of insult or surgery. Because their pain-making mechanism is on high alert and uses pain as the protection mechanism. 

Part of improving and moving past it is to not avoid activities that you love and that feed your soul. If you start backing away from these activities, that’s called fear avoidance, and avoiding things can lead to deconditioning after only about 7 days for most. Not only that, but it takes a hell of a lot longer to re-condition.  So, fight back, move, hurt but work through it, and take control of this.  We’ll help you move, we’ll help work on balance, we’ll help with proprioception, we’ll help you discover what you’re still capable of doing. You do the exercises and move on your own at home.

Go for walks. Just move as much as you can.  Just know that you’re not stuck this way. Do you have any questions? OK, let’s get to work.”

Boom. That’s it.

Or something like that. Sometimes it’s shorter. Sometimes it’s longer and more involved. I’ve sat and talked to patients for an hour or more just to have them go and give me a 3 or 4-star review on Google because I didn’t get a good pop out of their back and they don’t feel any better after one visit. 

You know how it is.

That kind of stuff makes you want to stomp kittens and club baby seals but then there are those that you are able to save their lives on some level.

They’re the ones we’re here for so keep it all in the proper context and do the best you can every day.  Those are the ones that need us to be on top of our games.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in the leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to better it. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disabilities and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

Bibliography

  • Albaugh MD, O.-G. J., Sidwell A, (2021). “Association of Cannabis Use During Adolescence With Neurodevelopment.” JAMA Psychiatry.
  • Marcelina Jasmine Silva, D., Zhanette Coffee, MSN, Chong Ho Yu, PhD, Marc O Martel, PhD (2021). “Anxiety and Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Behavior May Be Significant Risk Factors for Chronic Opioid Analgesic Therapy Reliance for Patients with Chronic Pain—Results from a Preliminary Study.” Pain Medicine 22: 2106-2116.