physical therapy

Brain Activity From Spinal Manipulative Therapy & PT Is As Good As Arthoscopic Surgery For Meniscus Issues

CF 240: Brain Activity From Spinal Manipulative Therapy & PT Is As Good As Arthoscopic Surgery For Meniscus Issues Today we’re going to talk about the Brain’s Activity as a result From Spinal Manipulative Therapy & we’ll talk about how PT Is As Good As Arthoscopic Surgery For Meniscus Issues But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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  OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s a great resource for patient education and for YOU. It saves you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections and written in a way that is easy to understand for you and patients. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #240 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about Changing One’s Mind About Pain and how the cognitive aspect of pain has to be addressed. Fascinating stuff, folks. Truly. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

I’m headed to Sarasota this weekend for the MCM Florida Mastermind with Kevin Christie and others. And when I say ‘others’, I mean big-timers. It’s a privilege to be invited and to be a member of this private group of masterminds.  I’m talking about Kevin, of course, but Brett Winchester, Jay Greenstein, Mark King, Ben Fergus, Scott Schreiber, and more! Power-hitters. If you are interested in being a part of this mastermind, email Dr. Christie at [email protected] We’re keeping it around 20 members and I believe we have about 15 at the moment. So, there are a few more seats. But don’t waste time because those spots might fill up PDQ. For you Yanks……that means pretty damn quick.  Going to Sarasota on Thursday means that all patients are getting packed into a 3 day work week. We have 52 on the schedule today as a result so this one is short and sweet my dear friends.  But I will say, the numbers are back to looking encouraging. At least until the back-to-school slow down comes along. We see it every year and I’m sure this one will be no different. Although, we are going to be doing some ‘Back to school doesn’t mean forget the chiropractor’ style marketing to try to combat it.  If you see back-to-school slowdowns every year, what are you doing to offset it? Let me know and I can share it with our audience. Email me at [email protected] Let’s get going with the research. 

Item #1

The first one today is called, “Effect of Physical Therapy vs Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy in People With Degenerative Meniscal Tears. Five-Year Follow-up of the ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial” by Noordyn et. al. (Noorduyn JCA 2022) and published in JAMA Network Open on July 8, 2022. Aye aye aye, that’s a hot plate of hot pie!

Why They Did It

There is a paucity of high-quality evidence about the long-term effects (ie, 3-5 years and beyond) of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy vs exercise-based physical therapy for patients with degenerative meniscal tears. The authors wanted to know….is exercise-based physical therapy just as good or equal to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy during a 5-year follow-up period in patients aged 45 to 70 years with a degenerative meniscal tear?

How They Did It

  • 278 patients completed the 5-year follow-up
  • A noninferiority, multicenter randomized clinical trial was conducted in the orthopedic departments of 9 hospitals in the Netherlands. A total of 321 patients aged 45 to 70 years with a degenerative meniscal tear participated. Data collection took place between July 12, 2013, and December 4, 2020.
  • Patients were randomly allocated to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy or 16 sessions of exercise-based physical therapy.
  • The secondary outcome was progression in knee osteoarthritis shown on radiographic images in both treatment groups.

What They Found

  • From baseline to 5-year follow-up, the mean (SD) improvement was 29.6 (18.7) points in the surgery group and 25.1 (17.8) points in the physical therapy group. 
  • The crude between-group difference was 3.5 points. 
  • Comparable rates of progression of knee osteoarthritis were noted between both treatments.

Wrap It Up

  • In this noninferiority randomized clinical trial after 5 years, exercise-based physical therapy remained noninferior to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for patient-reported knee function. 
  • For us English speakers, that means that exercise was just as good as arthoscopic surgical intervention and didn’t lead to any increase in knee osteoarthritis
  • Physical therapy should therefore be the preferred treatment over surgery for degenerative meniscal tears. 
  • These results can assist in the development and updating of current guideline recommendations about treatment for patients with a degenerative meniscal tear.

Before getting to the next one, I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! It’s live again. Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com to get $50 off your purchase. Y’all, it makes a world of difference. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. My patients love it and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it. Hear me now and believe me later.

Item #2 The last one this week is called “Spinal Manipulative Therapy Alters Brain Activity in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Longitudinal Brain fMRI Study” by Tan et. al. (Tan W 2020) and published in Frontiers In Neuroscience on November 19th of 2020. Not as hot as it once was I suppose. 

Why They Did It They say that we know Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) helps to reduce chronic low back pain (cLBP). However, the underlying mechanism of pain relief and the neurological response to SMT remains unclear. The authors were trying to get some clarity on the mechanism. Why does it help?

How They Did It

  • We utilized brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) upon the application of a real-time spot pressure mechanical stimulus to assess the effects of SMT on patients with cLBP.
  • Brain fMRI was performed for Group 1 at three time points: before an adjustment, after the first adjustment session, and after the sixth adjustment. 
  • The healthy controls (Group 2) did not receive an adjustment and underwent only one fMRI scan. 
  • During fMRI scanning, a real-time spot pressure mechanical stimulus was applied to the low back area of all participants. 
  • Participants in Group 1 completed clinical questionnaires assessing pain and quality of life

What They Found

Before SMT, there were no significant differences in brain activity between Group 1 and Group 2.  After the first adjustment, Group 1 showed significantly greater brain activity in the right parahippocampal gyrus, right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and left precuneus compared to Group 2.  After the sixth adjustment, Group 1 showed significantly greater brain activity in the posterior cingulate gyrus and right inferior frontal gyrus compared to Group 2.  After both the first and sixth adjustments, Group 1 had significantly improved outcomes scores than the control group

Wrap It Up

The authors say, “We observed alterations in brain activity in regions of the default mode network in patients with cLBP after SMT. These findings suggest the potential utility of the default mode network as a neuroimaging biomarker for pain management in patients with cLBP. In a sense, we can re-map faulty wiring through motion, function, and proprioception which are all things provided in a good adjustment and targeted exercise. If all you’re doing is adjustments though, reconsider. A broad management protocol is the key.  Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

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Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

Noorduyn JCA, v. d. G. V., Willigenburg NW, (2022). “Effect of Physical Therapy vs Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy in People With Degenerative Meniscal Tears: Five-Year Follow-up of the ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial.” JAMA Netw Open 5(7).  

Tan W, W. W., Yang Y, Chen Y, Kang Y, Huang Y, Gong Z, Zhan S, Ke Z, Wang J, Yuan W, Huang W, Zee C, Chen Z, Chen BT (2020). “Spinal Manipulative Therapy Alters Brain Activity in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Longitudinal Brain fMRI Study.” Front Integr Neurosci.    

Chronic Pain Talk & Thoughts

CF 237: Chronic Pain Talk & Thoughts Today we’re going to talk about one of my favorite topics; Chronic Pain.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s a great resource for patient education and for YOU. It saves you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections and written in a way that is easy to understand for you and patients. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #237 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about how You Are What You Eat & Screen Time For Kids. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

 the personal end of things…..

I just don’t have a lot to report on the personal end of things. We’re a little slower lately. I think it’s because gas prices are sky freaking high and you have to take out a small loan just to fill up your vehicle. I think it’s depressing for a lot of folks.  Any time there is confusion or uncertainty with the economy, people pull back. Understandably. Unfortunately, many see chiropractic as an extra and when people are trimming the budget, chiropractic, and healthcare in general, get trimmed and we take a hit.  I think that’s what’s up right now.

I’ve talked to a couple of my colleagues in the Dallas area and there are feeling the same dial-back in business. I am used to about 45-50 on a Monday. This week, we have 35. I don’t dig it. Especially when I know I’m marketing and doing the smart stuff. It’s discouraging.  But, at the end of the day, there are things out of our control, and rolling with the flow is all we can do. Be moral, ethical, honest, loving, evidence-based, and patient-centered, and treat people right. That’s what good and successful practices should consist of. Those build the base, the foundation of big things in life and in business. 

Before getting to the next one, I have to tell you, that Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! It’s live again. Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com to get $50 off your purchase. Y’all, it makes a world of difference. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. My patients love it and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it. Hear me now and believe me later.  

Item #1

This one is called “Manual physical therapy for chronic pain: the complex whole is greater than the sum of its parts” by Coronado et. al. and published in the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy in 2017.  They say that “Manual physical therapists can effectively treat patients with chronic pain and other musculoskeletal disorders; however, the field is at a crossroads. The traditional approach to manual therapy assumes that proper technique selection and precise implementation is the primary driver of a successful outcome.  In this view, the resultant outcomes are directly attributed to the applied intervention. 

They go on, “We propose manual physical therapists will only be recognized as ideal providers for individuals with chronic pain if we accept an updated paradigm acknowledging the complexity of the manual physical therapy experience and accept the robustness of varying contextual elements inherent in our interactions. For some clinicians, this will require a revolutionary shift in their perception of the development, maintenance, and modulation of pain “

You may have heard me say that I’m teaching a 2-hour course called “Chronic Pain And The Upregulated CNS” and this paradigm shift isn’t anywhere near where it will need to be. The information I’m teaching is brand new to 90% of the providers from my experience.  “Pain is an experience orchestrated by dynamic sensory, cognitive, and affective processes and is strongly influenced by patient’s expectations (AKA Yellow Flags), mood, desires, and past experiences.

Limiting pain perception to a peripheral impairment is outdated and a more comprehensive, albeit complex, approach to manual therapy accounts for a myriad of interacting factors impacting chronic pain outcomes” “A comprehensive approach acknowledges the impact of patient and therapist factors, which not only include personal and condition-specific patient characteristics, but also the cultural biases, beliefs, and experiences of both the patient and therapist” “Additionally, this view acknowledges the interaction between patient and manual physical therapist, which may yield important outcome contributions, either directly (as in….what techniques we use) or indirectly (like addressing the yellow flags).” “Finally, this approach acknowledges the integration of targeted adjunct interventions such as psychosocial strategies and exercise that may (1) enhance the effectiveness of manual therapy for reducing the impact of pain, and/or (2) promote and maintain positive behavioral change”

We know that when people are sedentary, they have deeper depression, pain, and anxiety. Sleep issues and mood disorders. This is well-researched. On the other hand that movement and exercise reverse these things. Less depression, less anxiety, more fitness, better sleep, and less pain as the CNS becomes more comfortable with the movement and becomes more and more functional. 

Pain signals and signals of all sorts run through a filter before they are felt…..or not felt at all. That filter can amplify the signals or dampen them. It’s no longer a straight biomedical view we take. It’s the biopsychosocial construct we use to approach pain now and if we only look at the bio part, we are cheating our patients out of 2/3 of the effectiveness we could have for them.  In the end, if your CNS thinks it should hurt, it will. Regardless of whether there is tissue pathology or not. On the other hand, if your tissue is completely jacked up but the CNS determines there is no danger or threat, it will not hurt. Moseley and Butler lay it out straight like that in their book called Explain Pain. 

They say it’s as simple and as difficult as that. 

Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website

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TuneIn

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger

Lumbar Fusion Compared To No Fusion, Disc Research, and PT vs. Chiropractic

CF 194: Lumbar Fusion Compared To No Fusion, Disc Research, and PT vs. Chiropractic Today we’re going to talk about how lumbar fusion compares to no surgery, we’ll talk about a 30 year study on discs, and we’ll talk about PT vs. Chiro  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s an invaluable resource for your patient education and for you. It can save you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so that the information is easy to find and it’s written in a way that is easy to understand for practitioner as well as patient. You have to check it out. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #194 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about patellofemoral pain, sleep for pain, and physical disuse. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.  On the personal end of things….. OOOWEEEE…..If you’ve been listening, you know I’ve been goind through my second fellowship program. This second one is the Forensics fellowship. Several hours are taken on ChiroCredit. There’s a 20 hour course on the AMA Guides on Impairment. And there’s a 20 live course I’ll be doing to wrap this dude up. It’s in Chicago in October. Then I’m done.  Then, I can turn my full attention to making our new Nurse Practitioner famous locally, making sure our Parker intern is set up for success, and getting life back to some sense of normal.  I got the COVID booster shot last week and am headed to Washington DC for the Labor Day weekend. This will probably air just after I get back so updates on the scene in DC on the next episode. Hopefully the covid resurgence hasn’t made the experience a soup sandwich. We shall see.  I was 8 months out from when I got the vaccine. The booster came from a nurse practitioner friend of mine. The first shot I got back in December……I felt nothing at all. The second shot 23 days after that, my arm got sore. That’s it. Nothing else at all. This booster shot, my arm got sore as expected. I got it on a Thursday afternoon. She brought it over here to my clinic and gave it to us. Because she’s super sweet and more than awesome.  I went to work on Friday. I had almost 40 patients between 8 am and 1 pm and, while I didn’t necessarily struggle, I didn’t love life that day. I was tired. I really wanted to be in bed pretty much. I didn’t feel absolutely awful or anyhting like that. I just didn’t feel particularly good and didn’t really want to be here in the clinic, answering the same questions we always answer, and acting like I felt great and was a happy happy dude when all I really wanted was to just be in bed taking a nap.  Then I did go home and take a nap after work. I slept for a couple of hours and woke up feeling much better.  Then I woke up the next day and felt great again. No issues. All back to normal. People act like we are sheeple if we get it. Like we are the experiment. Maybe we are. I don’t give a damn. I have a thriving, successful practice with no partner or associate to fill the gap if I get sick and have to stay home.  First of all, I like feeling good. I don’t want to be sick. If I can do something that the data shows clearly prevents the virus and/or severe illness from the virus, I’m going to do it. When your clinic bills what mine bills each month, and you don’t care at all about losing that income for 2-4 weeks…..maybe a lot more than that…..then you can call me names. You can call me an experiment.  For me, I’m making smart business decisions. Not to mention the fact that after millions and millions of vaccinations globally with very few issues, I’m a hell of a lot more concerned about a proven killing and/or long-term debilitating virus like COVID than I am the vaccine.  So, my opinions and what’s right for me may not be right for you annd that’s OK. But I’ll be damned if anyone is going to act smarter, wiser, or more high and mighty than I because I got a freaking vaccine. Those that behave that way can straight up stick it in your ear or whatever other place you can think of.  On the other hand, if you got the vaccine, don’t be a jackhole if someone you know doesn’t want it. It’s new. People are scared of it. They’ve been misled in many situations. They’ve been misdirected on social media. It is what it is. You do you. Let’s all do us and realize we share this space. I’d a lot rather see disagreement with an undercurrent of love instead of disagreement with a smoggy fog of hate and disdain.  It’s 2021. Let’s all grow up and evolve.  Item #1 This first one this week is called, “Is Lumbar Fusion Necessary for Chronic Low Back Pain Associated with Degenerative Disk Disease? A Meta-Analysis” by Xu et. al. (Xu W 2021) and published in World Neurosurgery in February of 2021….hot mama, stand back.  Why They Did It They wanted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of lumbar fusion versus nonoperative care for the treatment of chronic low back pain associated with degenerative disk disease. How They Did It

  • A comprehensive search for papers was done in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure  up to June 30, 2020. 
  • The main outcomes including clinical results, complications, and all-cause additional surgeries were presented in the form of short- and long-term follow-up results. 
  • Six prospective studies involving 159 patients for short-term follow-up and 675 for long-term follow-up were included

What They Found The 2 interventions exhibited little difference in regard to short- and long-term Oswestry Disability Index and visual analog scale scores for back and leg pain, except that lumbar fusion might bring about lower additional surgery rate, and higher complication rate in the long term. Wrap It Up The present meta-analysis determined that fusion surgery was no better than nonoperative treatment in terms of the pain and disability outcomes at either short- or long-term follow-up. It is necessary for clinicians to weigh the risk of complications associated with fusion surgery against additional surgeries after nonoperative treatment. Item #2 This second one is called, “Disc Degeneration of Young Low Back Pain Patients: A Prospective 30-year Follow-up MRI Study” by Saaksjarvi (Sääksjärvi S 2020) and published in Spine Journal in 2020. It’s steamy….but not that hot anymore.  Why They Did It The aim of this study was to investigate whether early lumbar disc degeneration (DD) in young low back pain (LBP) patients predicts progression of degenerative changes, pain, or disability in a 30-year follow-up. How They Did It

  • In an earlier study, 75 patients aged 20 years with LBP had their lumbar spine examined by MRI. 
  • At a follow-up of 30 years, the subjects were contacted; 35 of 69 filled a pain and disability questionnaire, and 26 of 35 were also reexamined clinically and by MRI. 
  • The images were evaluated for decreased signal intensity and other degenerative changes. 
  • Association between decreased signal intensity of a disc at baseline and the presence of more severe degenerative changes in the same disc space at follow-up was analyzed 
  • Association between decreased baseline signal intensity and pain/disability scores from the questionnaire was analyzed

What They Found

  • The total number of lumbar discs with decreased signal intesity increased from 23 of 130 (18%) to 92 of 130 (71%)
  • Distribution of DD changed from being mostly in L4-L5 and L5-S1 discs to being almost even between the four lowermost discs
  • Discs that had even slightly decreased signal intensity at baseline were more likely to have severely decreased signal intensity at follow-up, compared to healthy discs
  • The best of the best news, as you may have guessed if you’ve listened to this podcast for any amount of time, Severity of DD at baseline did not have a significant association with current pain or disability.

Wrap It Up In young LBP patients, early degeneration in lumbar discs predicts progressive degenerative changes in the respective discs, but not pain, disability, or clinical symptoms. Hallelujah.  Item #3 This last one is called, “Treatment of Patients with Low Back Pain: A Comparison of Physical Therapy and Chiropractic Manipulation” by Nima Khodarkarami ´(Khodakarami N 2020) and published in Healthcare journal in 2020.  Why They Did It Given that there are costs and benefits with either PT or Chiropractic for the treatment of low back pain, the remaining question is in a short period of time which of these treatments is optimal?  A decision tree analytic model was used for estimating the economic outcomes. The findings showed that the total average cost in the chiropractic group was $48.56 lower than the PT group.  The findings also showed that the daily adjusted life years (DALY) in the chiropractic group was 0.0043 higher than the PT group.  Chiropractic care was shown to be a cost-effective alternative compared with PT for adults with at least three weeks of LBP over six months. Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus so get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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  The Message I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health! Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic! Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.  Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward. Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/ Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/ Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2 Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021 Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/ About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger   Bibliography Khodakarami N (2020). “Treatment of Patients with Low Back Pain: A Comparison of Physical Therapy and Chiropractic Manipulation.” Healthcare 8(1): 44.   Sääksjärvi S, K. L., Luoma K, Paajanen H, Waris E, (2020). “Disc Degeneration of Young Low Back Pain Patients: A Prospective 30-year Follow-up MRI Study.” Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 45(19): 1341-1347.   Xu W, R. B., Luo W, Li Z, Gu R, (2021). “Is Lumbar Fusion Necessary for Chronic Low Back Pain Associated with Degenerative Disk Disease? A Meta-Analysis.” World Neurosurg 146: 298-306.    

Breathing Through The Pain, Need For Rehab, & Forward Head Posture And Shoulder Pain

CF 164: Breathing Through The Pain, Need For Rehab, & Forward Head Posture And Shoulder Pain

Today we’re going to talk about the impact of chiropractic care on opioid use and then we’ll talk about garbage marketing in the chiropractic profession. I go off a bit. I can’t help it. They make me nuts. 

But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music.

Chiropractic evidence-based products

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  If this episode has a different type of sound quality when compared to previous episodes, my main computer died. It choked a little and held it’s belly and rolled around in agony for about a month and then…..sadly, it straight up and died. 

So, I have another ordered and in the meantime, I’m figuring out how to do this through my MacBook Pro. Where there’s a will, there’s a way. We’ll make it happen.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #164 Now if you missed last week’s episode, we talked about opioids and spinal pain and then we talked about vitalists’ scripts. That was about the point that I lost my mind momentarily. Because they make me crazy and all.  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

Wow, what a week I had last week, y’all. And I’m not talking in a good way. Oh hell no. This was one of those kick you in the face and in the backside. And when you’re falling to the ground, putting a boot in your ribs for good measure.  One word, two syllables. Day-um.  For patients that I’m comfortable with, it’s common for them to ask me how my day’s going and my go-to answer is usually something similar to, “Ah you know….pissing excellence. As usual. It becomes a habit after a while.” Yeah, not last week. I wasn’t the windshield. I was the bug. 

First thing’s first, on last Tuesday, my longest tenured employee and office manager turned in her resignation. Over 11 years, down the drain. She’s not just a staff member. She’s become my little buddy. She’s hilarious. She was also our marketing girl. Definitely a boot to the face. Pow.  But there are a lot of positives there as well. Being my longest employed staffer, she was also my highest paid so we will save a good chunk of money. We just need to make some adjustments on the marketing and things of that nature.  Then, on Wednesday, as mentioned previously, we joined the Wealthability program and we had a meeting with our new accountants they matched us with. They’re out in St. Louis. Well, they found that our previous CPA was wrong and now we have to pay a gob in taxes we weren’t expecting to pay. We can spread it out over an amount of time and it’s fixable but day-um…..

Come on man.

When you hire professionals, you expect a professional job that will prevent you from getting into trouble. Don’t you? That was a kick to the nether regions. Smack.  Then, later that afternoon, my main computer that has my entire life on it straight up died. Luckily, it had slowed a bit and I called my computer guy to come in and back it up so it can be replicated on another computer. Still, that computer won’t be here for 2 damn weeks.  Kick to the shin. Thunk. 

Then, two of my girls got the second vaccine shot and both got sicker than dogs. One missed work on Wednesday. Not that big of a deal. Just kind of sucked.  Then I got a visit from a connection that works in my Dad’s nursing home. She came to my house on Thursday night after work to tell me my Dad is being mistreated and is withering away.  Stomp to the noggin while I’m down. Snap.  There were some other little things here and there but you get the picture. Rough week. But we’re on the mend.

We’re heading the right direction this week I think. We have some good ideas and I think we are going to make some changes.  So, as a learning lesson, bad things can be used for an impetus to change course and go in a positive direction. For example, I’ve begun going down the path of fully integrating. I’m saving enough money with the departure of my manager that I can use that money toward integrating and hiring a nurse practitioner. 

This would fit my long term plan of being able to remove myself from my day to day practice. It’s a piece of the puzzle. The final piece of the puzzle would be hiring an associate. At that point, I believe my time begins to get freed up a bit.  Hopefully in five years, I’m mentoring my colleagues and teaching them how to accomplish what I’ve accomplished. I’m sharing wisdom with hungry evidence-based chiros and spreading the good news about evidence-based, patient-centered chiropractic care.  We’re going to get there.  In other news, last week wasn’t a total loss. You may have seen where the Texas Chiropractors, after a ten-year battle, put the smackdown on the Texas Medical Association. People’s elbow, Kabam!!

The biggest bully of bullies got slapped the hell around by the Texas Chiropractic Association and the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners at the Texas Supreme Court level.  Just briefly, the TMA had sued the TCA and the TBCE approximately 10 years ago over our right to perform the VONT testing. Also known as vestibulo-ocular nystagmus test. Then that morphed into attacking our rights to diagnose and our rights to treat the Neuromusculoskeletal system rather than just the musculoskeletal system. Seemingly silly little things but, if they had won, technically, we couldn’t treat anything having to do with ‘nerve’ and we couldn’t have diagnosed our own patients so we’d depend on referrals from medical professionals……and how do you think that would have turned out in the long run?

Not good for an chiropractor on the planet because other medical associations would have precedence and would have repeated the process. Those of us in leadership positions for the TCA have been well-aware for the last decade that if we lost this case, we would be the first domino and it would effect every other chiropractor.  We lost, then we lost the appeal, then the Texas Supreme Court gave us the win. And the Texas Medical Association, the most predatory state medical association in the United States, has to cover the court costs. Oh, and on top of that, they can suck it.  We are going to have an entire episode where I’ll be joined by my fellow TCA members. Folks that have been the deepest in the trenches on this case and know every in and out of the entire process.  It’s going to be a good one so keep a lookout for that one.  Alright, let’s get to the good stuff shall we?

Item #1

This first one is called, “Can Slow Deep Breathing Reduce Pain? An Experimental Study Exploring Mechanisms” by Jafari, et. al. (1) and published in the Journal Of Pain in September/October of 2020. It’s not a lot hot but hot enough!

Why They Did It

This study sought to investigate effects of instructed breathing patterns on experimental heat pain and to explore possible mechanisms of action

How They Did It

  • In a within-subject experimental design, 48 healthy volunteers performed 4 breathing patterns: 
      1. Unpaced breathing, 
      2. Paced breathing (PB) at the participant’s spontaneous breathing frequency, 
      3. Slow deep breathing at 6 breaths per minute with a high inspiration/expiration ratio (SDB-H), and 
      4. Slow deep breathing at 6 breaths per minute with a low inspiration/expiration ratio (SDB-L)
  • During presentation of each breathing pattern, participants received painful heat stimuli of 3 different temperatures and rated each stimulus on pain intensity
  • Respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure were recorded.

What They Found

Compared to unpaced breathing, participants reported less intense pain during each of the 3 instructed breathing patterns.

Wrap It Up

Slow deep breathing is more efficacious to attenuate pain when breathing is paced at a slow rhythm with an expiration that is long relative to inspiration, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Oh…..elucidated. That’s a $5 word for the research crew there. Congrats on elucidated, folks. 

CHIROUP ADVERTISEMENT

Item #2

This one is called, “Global estimates of the need for rehabilitation based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019” by Cieza, et. al.  (2) and published in The Lancet on December 19, 2020. Smokin’, sizzlin’, steamy pot of chili pie.  I have learned, by the way, that Frito Pies are not an American thing.  It’s just mostly a Texan thing. I have eaten Frito pies my whole damn life and didn’t figure this factoid out until just a few years ago. I play Call Of Duty here and there on xbox.

I know….I’m a nerd but I’m a killing’ nerd on occasion! I can kill real people in a fake way right there with the best of them when I want to. And I have my glasses on. And I haven’t had any more than a few beers. Lol.  Anyway, I play with a dude from Louisville, KY and he’d never heard of Frito pies. Holy cow people. There are some things you need to get tuned into if you’re not from Texas. They are as follows:

    • Frito Pie
    • Fried Okra
    • Fried squash. 

Yes, all are terrible for you so…..as a priest told me at the bar back when I went to college in Louisiana and was asking him how this whole ‘priest being in a bar’ worked out….he said, “Everything in moderation, Brother.” We should probably get back to the paper, Y’all. 

Why They Did It

Rehabilitation has often been seen as a disability-specific service needed by only few of the population. Despite its individual and societal benefits, rehabilitation has not been prioritized in countries and is under-resourced. We present global, regional, and country data for the number of people who would benefit from rehabilitation at least once during the course of their disabling illness or injury.

How They Did It

To estimate the need for rehabilitation, data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 were used to calculate the prevalence and years of life lived with disability of 25 diseases, impairments, etc. 

What They Found

  • Globally, in 2019, 2.41 billion individuals had conditions that would benefit from rehabilitation, contributing to 310 million years of life lived with disability
  • This number had increased by 63% from 1990 to 2019
  • The disease area that contributed most to prevalence was musculoskeletal disorders with low back pain being the most prevalent condition in 134 of the 204 countries analyzed.

Wrap It Up

The authors wrap up their thoughts with this, “To our knowledge, this is the first study to produce a global estimate of the need for rehabilitation services and to show that at least one in every three people in the world needs rehabilitation at some point in the course of their illness or injury. This number counters the common view of rehabilitation as a service required by only few people. We argue that rehabilitation needs to be brought close to communities as an integral part of primary health care to reach more people in need.”

I will add that the vitalists that think they can only adjust their way out of every damn condition or complaint need to get in the back of the line and just keep quiet. If you are going to be current rather than look like a dumb dumb, then you need to understand that a good, learned chiropractor knows that we do not only mobilize with adjustments, stretching, and things of that nature. But we also much know when to stabilize through strengthening activities.  If you’re just hitting the high spots on all of your patients, you need to be better and raise you game. Mr. Vitalist…..I’m talking to you. 

Item #3

The last one today is called, “Does forward head posture change subacromial space in active or passive arm elevation?” By Dehqan, et. al. (3) and published in the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy on November 30, of 2020 and that’s about the right amount of hot Why They Did It Forward head posture (FHP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that appears to affect the shoulder joint through the shared muscles between the head and neck area and the shoulder girdle. The present study compared the acromiohumeral distance between individuals with normal head and neck alignment and those with moderate and severe FHP in active and passive arm elevation.

How They Did It

  • Based on the craniovertebral angle, 60 volunteers were selected and equally distributed among three groups, including group one with normal head and neck alignment, group two with moderate FHP and group three with severe FHP
  • The space between the humeral head and the acromion was measured in 10°, 45° and 60° of active and passive arm elevation as the acromiohumeral distance.

What They Found

  • The acromiohumeral distance was only different between the three groups at 45° arm elevation angle, and this difference was significant between groups one and three
  • In active and passive arm elevation, increased arm elevation angle reduced the subacromial space significantly
  • Also, in each arm elevation angle, the subacromial space differed significantly between the active and passive arm elevations.

Wrap It Up

They concluded, “The acromiohumeral distance was significantly lower in the severe FHP group than the group with normal head and neck alignment in the 45° active arm elevation angle, which could be due to the changed tension in tissues between active and passive arm elevation and also the maximum muscle activity in the 45° active arm elevation angle.”

Shoulder impingement folks.

I didn’t know anything about it until I went through he DACO program. Which is now the Neuromusculoskeletal Diplomate. It’s a real estate issue and when you have an upper cross type setup, forward head posture, you decrease the real estate.  Increase the real estate, decrease the issue in this sort of a setup.  Alright, that’s it. Y’all be safe. Keep changing our profession from your little corner of the world. Keep taking care of yourselves and everyone around you. Tough times are upon us but, the sun will shine again. Trust it, believe it, count on it. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week. 

Store

Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

 

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventativly after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact

Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect

We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

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About the Author & Host

Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

  1. Hassan Jafari, Ali Gholamrezaei, Mathijs Franssen, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Qasim Aziz, Omer Van den Bergh, Johan W.S. Vlaeyen, Ilse Van Diest, Can Slow Deep Breathing Reduce Pain? An Experimental Study Exploring Mechanisms, The Journal of Pain, Volume 21, Issues 9–10, 2020, 1018-1030
  2. Cieza A, Causey K, Kamenov K, Hanson SW, Chatterji S, Vox T, Global estimates of the need for rehabilitation based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. 396 (10267), P2006-2017, December 19, 2020.
  3. Behdokht Dehqan, Cyrus Taghizadeh Delkhoush, Majid Mirmohammadkhani & Fatemeh Ehsani (2020) Does forward head posture change subacromial space in active or passive arm elevation?, Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, DOI: 10.1080/10669817.2020.1854010