young pitchers

Spinal Manipulative Therapy vs. Opioids and Young Elite Pitchers, Hips, and Elbow Pain

CF 195: Spinal Manipulative Therapy vs. Opioids and Young Elite Pitchers, Hips, and Elbow Pain Today we’re going to talk about spinal manipulative therapy vs. opioid therapy for Medicare-aged patients and we’ll talk about young elite pitchers, their hips, and pain. Stick around.  But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music

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  OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s an invaluable resource for your patient education and for you. It can save you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so that the information is easy to find and it’s written in a way that is easy to understand for practitioner as well as patient. You have to check it out. Just search for it on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Facebook group and interact, and then 
  • go review our podcast on iTunes and other podcast platforms. 
  • We also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com
  • While you’re there, join our weekly email newsletter. 

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #195 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about Lumbar Fusion Compared To No Fusion, Disc Research, and PT vs. Chiropractic.  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

On the personal end of things, we just got back from Washington DC. It was a go go go whirlwind kind of thing that every single American needs to experience. It’s powerful. The buildings were meant to inspire and awe and intimidate foreign leaders. So what do you think they do to regular ol commoners like me and you? Pretty impressive. Even if you dislike most politicians like I dislike most politicians. Day 1 was getting there.

We got up at 4:00am to get to the 6 am flight. Got to DC by 1:30. Hopped onto the metro and boom, we’re at the hotel. If you’ve never experienced the DC Metro, hell that is reason enough to go all by itself. It’s a work of art and I’m constantly fascinated by it. You can go just about anywhere you want easily and in no time with no traffic. That doesn’t mean there no walking involved though. Bring a pair of walking shoes my friends. The first full day we logged over nine miles. The second full day was about 8 and a half miles. Same on the third. Bout 5-6 miles on the fourth day.  Unless you’re doing the bus tours and all, you’re in fir walking. Plain and simple. I’m always good for 5-6 miles. 9-10 in a day is a bit more than I want. I can do it, but it’s damn sure extra. But, we saw the Lincoln Memorial, WWII memorial, Vietnam Wall, Washington monument, White House, Capitol, air and space museum, natural history museum, American history museum, national art gallery with this hemisphere’s only Da Vinci painting, Mt Vernon, Arlington National Cemetery and the changing of the guard, Old Town Alexandria, and much much more.

It was a go-cation and I’m glad to be back home so I can sleep and get some rest. It’s bad when going to work is a vacation from your vacation.

Professionally, just getting into the swing of things with our Nurse Practitioner. He’s catching on slowly but surely. It’s happening. Never fast enough. But I see it happening. We’re also getting into the swing of things with our Parker Intern.  He’s a good guy. Seems to be a smart guy and seems to click right along with everything we do so all’s well there. It’s been fun teaching him. So, I’m still playing catch-up from being gone so let’s hop in.

Item #1

This first one is called “Initial Choice of Spinal Manipulation Reduces Escalation of Care for Chronic Low Back Pain among Older Medicare Beneficiaries”’ by Whedon et. al. (Whedon JM 2021) and published in Spine Journal on May 11 of 2021. Schiza!!! Es Caliente!  I just combined German and Spanish. Please make note. And recognize. 

Why They Did It

The objective of this study was to compare long-term outcomes for Spinal Manipulative Therapy (SMT) and Opioid Analgesic Therapy (OAT) regarding escalation of care for patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP).

How They Did It

  • They combined elements of cohort and crossover-cohort design.
  • They examined Medicare claims data spanning a five-year period. 
  • They included older Medicare beneficiaries with an episode of cLBP beginning in 2013. 
  • They analyzed the cumulative frequency of encounters indicative of an escalation of care for cLBP, including hospitalizations, emergency department visits, advanced diagnostic imaging, specialist visits, lumbosacral surgery, interventional pain medicine techniques, and encounters for potential complications of cLBP.

What They Found

  • SMT was associated with lower rates of escalation of care as compared to opioid Analgesic Therapy. 
  • The adjusted rate of escalated care encounters was approximately 2.5 times higher fi the initial choice of care was opioid analgesic therapy vs. if the initial choice was SMT

Wrap It Up

Among older Medicare beneficiaries who initiated long-term care for cLBP with opioid analgesic therapy, the adjusted rate of escalated care encounters was significantly higher as compared to those who initiated care with spinal manipulative therapy

Item #2

I want to thank my friends at ChiroUp for finding this one. They’re always on top of it at ChiroUp. Don’t forget to use my code, Williams15 if you want to sign up with them for a discount! Number 2 this week is called, “Restriction in the hip internal rotation of the stride leg is associated with elbow and shoulder pain in elite young baseball players” by Sekiguchi et. al. (Sekiguchi T 2019) and published in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery in September of 2019. Ahhhh the days of pre-pandemic. 

Why They Did It

Evidence is scarce concerning the relationship of physical dysfunction of the trunk and lower extremities with elbow and shoulder pain in young baseball players. This study aimed to examine the association of joint flexibility of the trunk and lower extremities and dynamic postural control with elbow and shoulder pain among elite young baseball players.

How They Did It

  • They analyzed baseball players (aged 9-12 years) who participated in the National Junior Sports Clubs Baseball Festival. 
  • Range of motion in external rotation and internal rotation (IR) of the hip, as well as the finger-to-floor distance and heel-to-buttock distance, was measured. 
  • The straight-leg-raise test was also conducted. 
  • Dynamic postural control was evaluated using the Star Excursion Balance Test. 
  • Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association of physical function with the elbow or shoulder pain incidence.
  • Of 210 players surveyed, 177 without elbow or shoulder pain were included in the analysis.

What They Found

  • Of the participants, 16 (9.0%) reported having elbow or shoulder pain during the tournament. 
  • Participants with the incidence of elbow or shoulder pain had a significant restriction in hip IR of the stride leg compared with those without pain 
  • There were no significant associations of other joint flexibilities and the Star Excursion Balance Test with elbow or shoulder pain.

Wrap It Up

  • Decreased hip IR range of motion of the stride leg was significantly associated with the elbow or shoulder pain incidence. 
  • Players, coaches, and clinicians should consider the physical function of the trunk and lower extremities for the prevention of elbow and shoulder pain.
  • Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus so get active, get involved, and make it happen.

Alright, that’s it for this week. Y’all go out and piss some excellence. Get involved in your state association and the ACA. Our profession needs evidence-based, patient-centered chiropractors driving the ship. So get in, get involved, and make the profession what you will.  Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.     

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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  The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

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About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

Sekiguchi T, H. Y., Yabe Y, Tsuchiya M, Itaya N, Yoshida S, Yano T, Sogi Y, Suzuki K, Itoi E (2019). “Restriction in the hip internal rotation of the stride leg is associated with elbow and shoulder pain in elite young baseball players.” J Shoulder Elbow Surg 29(1): 139-145.  

Whedon JM, K. A., Toler AW, Bezdjian S, Rossi D, Uptmor S, MacKenzie TA, Lurie JD, Hurwitz EL, Coulter I, Haldeman S, (2021). “Initial Choice of Spinal Manipulation Reduces Escalation of Care for Chronic Low Back Pain among Older Medicare Beneficiaries.” Spine (Phila Pa 1976).