cervical artery dissection

The Stroke Issue – New Information

CF 261: The Stroke Issue – New Information   Today we’re going to talk about the age-old issue chiropractors continue to be burdened by. The weird myth that our adjustments cause strokes. We have some newer info I’m going to share with you on it in this week’s episode.    But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music    

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.    We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow, look down your nose at people kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers.   I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.  I’m so glad you’re spending your time with us learning together.    Chiropractors – I’m hiring at my personal clinic. I need talent, ambition, drive, smart, and easy to get along with associates. If this is you and Amarillo, TX is your speed, send me an email at creekstonecare@gmail.com  

If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do.  •      

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent educational resource for you AND your patients. It saves you time putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams.  •      
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page,  •      
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then  •      
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to  •      
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com   You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode 261  

Now if you missed last week’s episode, we had our 5th year roundup and got ready for our 6th Season!! Hard to believe honestly. I continue to be blessed by you all.  Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class.   

On the personal end of things…..

You probably remember me talking about Darcy Sullivan and Propel and the work they’re doing on my website. If you don’t recall or haven’t listened lately, I’m usually so busy with patients that I can’t see straight but, ever since September, I’ve been slow as hell. There are lots of factors I’m sure, but I believe website SEO and my Google ranking plays a part in it. So, I decided to act. Darcy and Propel was my first call.    They’re still in the building it out mode so no big results yet. It’s a six-month process and I’m literally only about 2 weeks into it so there’s not supposed to be a bit wow yet.   

But I did like that they had me on an intro Zoom where Darcy talked with me and we went over my site, metrics, where I could make improvements, where they could help. She gave me several options on what they could do to help. Options like they could do a little bit and teach me to do the rest all of the way up to they could do all of it for me.    If you know me, I don’t have time to learn current SEO, so I went all in. Do it all for me please and I’m happy to pay for it. Then, after I was all signed up, we had another Zoom where Darcy went over every single thing we wanted to work on and what that would look like. It really helped me see the light at the end of the tunnel and gave Propel good info on where we needed to go and how to get there.   

Now, they are making it happen. So, let’s sit back and see what happens. I’ll keep you updated.   

After the last mastermind meeting in November in the gorgeous Florida Keys, I decided that I needed to delegate more of my day. So, I started considering how I spend the majority of my day and what parts of that work can be farmed out to more virtual assistants.   

As a result, lots of the content I produce will be farmed out a little bit. I’m still in the middle of it all as oversight but my weekly blog in particular…..I’m going to farm out the meat of the content to a writer, then come in, make my edits, add anything I feel is important that was missed, make it mine, and then get it posted.    What do you spend the majority of your days and weeks doing outside of patient care? What duties can you identify that can be farmed out reasonably so that you free up your time and your brain?   Work on it and consider it.     

Item #1  

The first one today is called “Association between cervical artery dissection and spinal manipulative therapy” by Whedon, J.M., Petersen, C.L., Li, Z. et al. (Whedon 2022) and published in Journal of BMC Geriatrics on November 29, 2022. Dayum. That’s hot.    

Why They Did It   ·     

Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is a potentially serious condition that occurs when weakening and disruption of the arterial lining allow blood to get in between and separate the layers of the arterial wall.    ·     

Patients with CAD often present with neck pain or headache, may be asymptomatic or present as a stroke in progress. The blood that accumulates within the arterial wall can occlude the artery or cause a blood clot that in turn can be dislodged, leading to an ischemic stroke.   ·     They had to figure out what the associations or dangers might be. Even thought it’s already been done a ton of times. But that’s OK. A pile of research in your favor is better than just a couple of papers. So let’s do it!      

How They Did It   ·     

  • They evaluated the association between cervical spinal manipulation and CAD among older Medicare beneficiaries in the United States.  ·      It was a case-control and case-crossover design  ·     
  • It was an analysis of claims data for individuals aged 65+, continuously enrolled in Medicare Part A (covering hospitalizations) and Part B (covering outpatient encounters) for at least two consecutive years during 2007–2015. ·     
  • They created a 3-level categorical variable, (1) any cervical spinal manipulation, 2) evaluation and management but no cervical spinal manipulation and (3) neither cervical spinal manipulation nor evaluation and management.  

What They Found   ·     

The primary outcomes were occurrence of cervical artery dissection, either (1) vertebral artery dissection or (2) carotid artery dissection.  ·      The cases had a new primary diagnosis on at least one inpatient hospital claim or primary/secondary diagnosis for outpatient claims on at least two separate days. ·     

The odds of cervical spinal manipulation versus evaluation and management did not significantly differ between vertebral artery dissection cases and any of the control groups at any of the timepoints.  ·     

Results for carotid artery dissection cases were similar

Wrap It Up

Among Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older who received cervical spine manipulation, the association with cervical artery dissection is no greater than that among the control groups, and cervical spinal manipulation does not appear to be a significant risk factor for cervical artery dissection in this population group. If you want a complete breakdown, and shut your pie holes once and for all, summary of the research and related topice, including risk vs. benifts analysis, go to my blog at chiropracticforward.com, click on the blog link, and read the blog called Debunked: the Odd Myth That Chiropractors Cause Strokes.

You’ll have everything you need to debunk the junk. Before getting to the next one,  

Next thing, go to https://www.tecnobody.com/en/products That’s Tecnobody as in T-E-C-nobody. They literally have the most impressive clinical equipment I’ve ever seen. I own the ISO Free and am looking to add more to my office this year or next. The equipment you’re going to find over there can be marketed in your community like crazy because you’ll be the only one with something that damn cool in your office.    When you decide you can’t live without those products, send me an email and I’ll give you the hookup. They will 100% differentiate your clinic from your competitors.    

I have to tell you, Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com & get $50 off your purchase. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. I love it, my patients love it, and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it.  

Item #2  

Our last one this week is called, “Oral Contraceptives and Ischemic Stroke Risk” by Caitlin Carlton, Matthew Banks and Sophia Sundararajan (Carlton C 2018) and published in ahajournals on March 16, 2018.  

Why They Did It   ·     

They wanted to know if there is a link in increased ischemic stroke when using oral contraceptives containing high-dose estrogens. Several meta-analyses of case–control and cohort studies attempt to clarify the relationship between modern low-dose combination estrogen–progestin oral contraceptives and stroke.   ·     

Data linking oral contraceptives to stroke is mixed, but most physicians err on the side of caution and discontinue oral contraceptives. They decided to focus on the potential role of oral contraceptives in stroke and the management of patients with stroke who use oral contraceptives.  

How They Did It   ·     

They looked at the first meta-analysis addressing ischemic stroke risk in high-dose estrogen-containing oral contraceptives users evaluated 16 studies from 1960 to 1999 and found an increased relative risk of stroke of 2.75 across estrogen dose, blood pressure, smoking status, and age.   ·      They also looked at the meta-analysis including studies from 1980 to 2002 evaluated only low-dose combination oral contraceptives and found a lower odds ratio of 2.12 for ischemic stroke. 

More recently, a study from 1995 to 2009 failed to find any increased relative risk for low-dose ethinyl estradiol formulations, estrogen-containing hormonal contraceptive patches, or vaginal rings.    

What They Found   ·     

  • Combination oral contraceptives have a lower risk of stroke than earlier formulations containing high-dose estrogens. Stroke risk in oral contraceptives users is impacted by several confounding issues, including oral contraceptives formulation, age, hypertension, smoking, and the presence of migraine with aura.  ·     
  • It is important to consider the constellation of stroke risk factors in concert with oral contraceptives formulation to determine individual stroke risk and the best contraceptive to reduce that risk in an individual woman.     
  • Wrap It Up   ·     
  • Modern combined oral contraceptive pills have a lower dose of estrogens and less risk of stroke than older contraceptive formulations   ·     
  • The risk of ischemic stroke in patients using combined oral contraceptives is increased in patients with additional stroke risk factors, including smoking, hypertension, and migraine with aura.   ·     
  • The risk of ischemic stroke because of combined oral contraceptive pills is less than the risk associated with pregnancy.    

Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen.   Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.    Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots.   When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few.   It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient.   And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!  

Key Point:

At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints….   That’s Chiropractic!  

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.    Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.    We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference.   

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.  

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com  

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/  

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/  

Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward  

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q  

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2  

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021  

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through  

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/  

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger    

Bibliography

  1. Carlton C, B. M., Sundarararajan S, (2018). “Oral Contraceptives and Ischemic Stroke Risk.” Stroke 49(4).  
  2. Whedon, J. M., Petersen, C.L., Li, Z, (2022). “Association between cervical artery dissection and spinal manipulative therapy –a medicare claims analysis.” BMC Geriatr 22(917).    

Recognizing Cervical Artery Dissection

 CF 244: Recognizing Cervical Artery Dissection Today we’re going to talk about Recognizing Cervical Artery Dissection But first, here’s that sweet sweet bumper music  

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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OK, we are back and you have found the Chiropractic Forward Podcast where we are making evidence-based chiropractic fun, profitable, and accessible while we make you and your patients better all the way around.  We’re the fun kind of research. Not the stuffy, high-brow kind of research. We’re research talk over a couple of beers. I’m Dr. Jeff Williams and I’m your host for the Chiropractic Forward podcast.   If you haven’t yet I have a few things you should do. 

  • Go to Amazon and check our my book called The Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic: A Unique Journey Into The Research. It’s excellent education for you AND your patients. It saves you time in putting talks together or just staying current on research. It’s categorized into sections so the information is easy to find and written in a way that is easy to understand for everyone. It’s on Amazon. That’s the Remarkable Truth About Chiropractic by Jeff Williams. 
  • Then go Like our Chiropractic Forward Facebook page, 
  • Join our private Chiropractic Forward Facebook group, and then 
  • Review our podcast on whatever platform you’re listening to 
  • Last thing real quick, we also have an evidence-based brochure and poster store at chiropracticforward.com

You have found yourself smack dab in the middle of Episode #244 Now if you missed last week’s episode , we talked about Chiropractic Adjustments To Avoid Other Procedures & we talked about Male Vets With Chronic Pain. Make sure you don’t miss that info. Keep up with the class. 

On the personal end of things…..

Well, I just turned the big 50 people. It hurt a little. I’m not going to lie. I’ve always been one to really value and enjoy being young. I didn’t just go through it without appreciating my abilities and what I could do and accomplish.  I loved being an athlete and running and all of that good stuff. They say it’s just a number but that number is engrained in my joints and I feel it. Part of it is a weight thing.

Being 6’ 4” and 275 or so isn’t great for joints of the body so I’m on it. We’ll get that down. I’m determined.  So, 50 is blah for me but it’s over and it’s onward ho. I have too many irons in the file to be worrying about birthdays and all of that stuff. 

Business is pretty solid for back-to-school. It’s pretty steady. Which is surprising. I’m changing up some marketing in the near future and will share some of my experience on that. I’m a little nervous to dive more into marketing because if I’m honest, I’m at capacity as it is.  I saw 27 new patients last week. Just me. We had a total of about 180 visits and that’s just about as much as I can do. But with the type of marketing, we’re going to be trying, we’ll be more likely to only get the patients in here that we want to work with that are already fully committed and motivated.  We shall see. But for now, let’s get on with the research. We have some fun ones this week. 

Before I do that though, I have to tell you, that Dr. Chris Howson, the inventor of the Drop Release tool re-activated the code! It’s live again. Use the code HOTSTUFF upon purchase at droprelease.com to get $50 off your purchase. Y’all, it makes a world of difference. Would you like to spend 5-10 minutes doing pin and stretch and all of that? Or would you rather use a drop release to get the same or similar results in just a handful of seconds. My patients love it and I know yours will too. droprelease.com and the discount code is HOTSTUFF. Go do it. Hear me now and believe me later.

Item #1

This first and only one this week is getting some attention due to a recent artery dissection suffered by a woman in Georgia. Unfortunate for sure. I don’t know the particulars so we won’t go into that specifically but, when things like this happen, we start seeing more and more about the chiropractors cause stroke thing.  Typically, this isn’t true and there is a lot of research backing that up. I want to cover an article today that just came out called, “How to Recognize A Cervical Artery Dissection’ by James Demetrious, DC, DABCO (DABCO 2022) and published in PostGrad DC on July 18, 2022. Kaplowy! 

That’s hot!

Since this is an article, we’ll dispense with the traditional format and hit the high notes.  The arrticle highlights an excellent paper that came out not long ago that we covered here on the podcast. It’s by Chaibi et al (Chaibi A 2018) and was in the Annals of Medicine in 2019. In their paper, they cited high-quality research that affirms 

  • Manual therapy doesn’t no result in an increased risk of CAD
  • There is no strong evidence that manual therapy provokes CAD. 

Chaibi and Russell cite high-quality research to support these conclusions:

  • The rarity of CAD also makes the provision of epidemiological evidence challenging.
  • However, several extensive cohort studies and meta-analyses have found no excess risk of CAD resulting in secondary ischaemic stroke for chiropractic SMT compared to primary care. [2, 3, 4]
  • Similarly, retrospective cohort studies have reported no association with traumatic injury to the head or neck after SMT for neuromusculoskeletal pain.
  • Studies have disproven any misconception about whether SMT strains exceed failure strains.
  • No changes in blood flow or velocity in the VA of healthy young male adults were found in various head positions and during a cervical SMT.
  • Thus, these studies support the evidence of spontaneous causality or minimally suggest very low risk for serious AEs following SMT.

For my office, I try my best to minimize the risk to as close to zero as possible. If there is a young person in the office with unilateral neck pain for no reason, especially combined with a severe headache, they’re getting the inquisition, folks. I’m a research nerd and through my years of doing this podcast, I have compiled 19 questions that I feel can give us the best possible screen for CAD. Feel free to use them for yourself. They are as follows:

  • Is there any difference in upper arm strength from side to side?
  • Is there pain or numbness in one side of the face?
  • Can the patient raise both eyebrows equally?
  • Is there any difference in the size of the pupils?
  • Does the patient have an even smile?
  • Is the tongue straight when you have the patient stick it out?
  • Do they have a mostly even grip bilaterally?
  • Can they perform a resisted shoulder shrug evenly bilaterally?
  • Do you have a head pain or headache that developed suddenly and can be sharp or throbbing?
  • Do you have a headache that is worse when laying down?
  • Do you have difficulty speaking or swallowing?
  • Do you have any visual abnormalities?
  • Do you have unsteadiness or lack of coordination beyond what you consider normal?
  • Are you having any recent onset hiccups?
  • Are you having any hearing loss or pulsing tinnitus?
  • Are you having any nausea or vomiting?
  • Signs of nystagmus?
  • Any other neurological symptoms?
  • Do they have any light-headedness or fainting, disorientation, unexplained anxiety, disturbances in the ears, tremors, or sweating?

Now, if after all of those questions, you have accurately documented this complaint and should have a good direction forward. Most of the time, after the screen, I’m comfortable moving on. I’ve done my due diligence. However, I’m sure I’ve lost some patients over the years because if some of these are answered yes with no clear explanation for them, they’re getting an MR-A or a CT-A or I’m not working on them. Plain and simple.  I tell them my first job is to do no harm. My second job is to make them better.  Most appreciate it and are happy to do the imaging. 

So, there you go. If you’d like more information on why chiropractors are almost never solely responsible for CAD, I put together a very comprehensive and, I think, entertaining rundown of the information and I did it in various forms so that you could get the info however you like.  I put it in a blog on my website at chiropracticforward.com. The blog is called Debunked; The Odd Myth That Chiropractors Cause Strokes. The link can be found in the show notes right here at this point in the episode.  https://www.chiropracticforward.com/blog-post/debunked-the-odd-myth-that-chiropractors-cause-strokes-revisited/

I also have it in video form on YouTube with the same title   And just to be sure you could get the information in your preferred format, I made podcast episodes covering the same information in depth. The episodes of this podcast are Episodes 13, 14, and 15

I invite you to dive in a bit so you can be on top of it all. 

Alright, that’s it. Keep on keepin’ on. Keep changing our profession from your corner of the world. The world needs evidence-based, patient-centered practitioners driving the bus. The profession needs us in the ACA and involved in leadership of state associations. So quit griping about the profession if you’re doing nothing to make it better. Get active, get involved, and make it happen. Let’s get to the message. Same as it is every week.  Store Remember the evidence-informed brochures and posters at chiropracticforward.com.   

Purchase Dr. Williams’s book, a perfect educational tool and chiropractic research reference for the daily practitioner, from the Amazon store TODAY!

Chiropractic evidence-based products

Integrating Chiropractors

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This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Screen-Shot-2018-07-12-at-10.23.09-AM-150x55.jpg

The Message

I want you to know with absolute certainty that when Chiropractic is at its best, you can’t beat the risk vs reward ratio because spinal pain is primarily a movement-related pain and typically responds better to movement-related treatment rather than chemical treatments like pills and shots. When compared to the traditional medical model, research and clinical experience show us patients can get good to excellent results for headaches, neck pain, back pain, and joint pain to name just a few. It’s safe and cost-effective can decrease surgeries & disability and we do it through conservative, non-surgical means with minimal hassle to the patient. And, if the patient treats preventatively after initial recovery, we can usually keep it that way while raising the overall level of health!

Key Point: At the end of the day, patients should have the guarantee of having the best treatment that offers the least harm. When it comes to non-complicated musculoskeletal complaints…. That’s Chiropractic!

Contact Send us an email at dr dot williams at chiropracticforward.com and let us know what you think of our show and tell us your suggestions for future episodes.  Feedback and constructive criticism is a blessing and so are subscribes and excellent reviews on podcast platforms.  We know how this works by now. If you value something, you have to share it, interact with it, review it, talk about it from time to time, and actively hit a few buttons to support it here and there when asked. It really does make a big difference. 

Connect We can’t wait to connect with you again next week. From the Chiropractic Forward Podcast flight deck, this is Dr. Jeff Williams saying upward, onward, and forward.

Website https://www.chiropracticforward.com

Social Media Links https://www.facebook.com/chiropracticforward/

Chiropractic Forward Podcast Facebook GROUP https://www.facebook.com/groups/1938461399501889/

Twitter https://twitter.com/Chiro_Forward

YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtc-IrhlK19hWlhaOGld76Q

iTunes https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing/id1331554445?mt=2

Player FM Link https://player.fm/series/2291021

Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/the-chiropractic-forward-podcast-chiropractors-practicing-through

TuneIn https://tunein.com/podcasts/Health–Wellness-Podcasts/The-Chiropractic-Forward-Podcast-Chiropractors-Pr-p1089415/

About the Author & Host Dr. Jeff Williams – Fellow of the International Academy of Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine (FIANM) and Board Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Professionals (DABFP) – Chiropractor in Amarillo, TX, Chiropractic Advocate, Author, Entrepreneur, Educator, Businessman, Marketer, and Healthcare Blogger & Vlogger  

Bibliography

  • Chaibi A, R. M. (2018). “A risk-benefit assessment strategy to exclude cervical artery dissection in spinal manual-therapy: A comprehensive review.” Annals of Medicine.
  • DABCO, J. D. D. (2022). “How to Recognize a Cervical Artery Dissection?” PostGradDC.